Valery Sablin

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Valery Mikhailovich Sablin
Born (1939-01-01)January 1, 1939
Leningrad, Soviet Union
Died August 3, 1976(1976-08-03) (aged 37)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Navy
Years of service 1956-1975
Rank Captain 3rd Rank
Battles/wars Cold War
Awards Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR, 3rd Class

Captain 3rd Rank Valery Mikhailovich Sablin (Russian: Валерий Михайлович Саблин, Valerij Michajlovič Sablin) (1 January 1939 – 3 August 1976) was a Soviet Navy officer and a member of the Communist Party. In November 1975, he led a mutiny on the Soviet warship Storozhevoy (Russian: Сторожевой, Storoževoj, meaning "Vigilant") in the hope of starting a Leninist political revolution in the Soviet Union. His mutiny failed and he was shot for treason nine months later.

Early life[edit]

Sablin was born in 1939, the son of a Navy officer. He graduated from the Frunze Naval Institute in Leningrad in 1960 and served in the Soviet Northern Fleet. In 1973, he graduated from the Lenin Political Military Academy and was appointed a political officer.

The mutiny[edit]

On 7 November 1975, Captain 3rd Rank Valery Sablin seized the Storozhevoy, a Soviet Burevestnik Class missile frigate, and confined the ship's captain and other officers to the wardroom. Sablin's plan was to take the ship from the Gulf of Riga north into the Gulf of Finland and to Leningrad, through the Neva River, mooring by the decommissioned cruiser Aurora (a symbol of the Russian Revolution), where he would protest by radio and television against the rampant corruption of the Brezhnev era. He planned to say what many were saying privately: that the revolution and motherland were in danger; that the ruling authorities were up to their necks in corruption, demagoguery, graft, and lies, leading the country into an abyss; that the ideals of Communism had been discarded; and that there was a pressing need to revive Leninist principles of justice (Sablin was a strong believer in Leninist values and considered the Soviet system to have essentially "sold out").

A junior officer escaped from confinement and radioed for assistance. When the Storozhevoy cleared the mouth of the Gulf of Riga, ten bomber and reconnaissance airplanes and thirteen warships were in pursuit. Several bombs were dropped in front of and behind the ship, as well as cannon fire. Storozhevoy steering was damaged and she eventually came to a stop. The pursuing vessels then close in, and the frigate was boarded by Soviet marine commandos. By then, however, Sablin had been shot in his knee and detained by his own crew, who had also unlocked the captain and the other captive officers.

Sablin was arrested and, in May 1976, tried before a military court. He was found guilty of "treason to the Motherland." Although this crime usually carried a 15-year prison sentence, Sablin was executed on 3 August 1976. His second-in-command during the mutiny, Alexander Shein, received an eight-year prison sentence. The other mutineers were freed.

In 1994, the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court reviewed the sentences with a possibility of posthumous rehabilitation. The court partially rehabilitated Sablin rather than fully exonerating him and Shein (who had by that time served his sentence).

Reports of the mutiny in the West[edit]

The Kremlin did not want news of the uprising to spread and was therefore willing, perhaps even prepared, to present it to world public opinion as an attempted defection to the West—something that could not have been further from the truth. The Gulf of Riga is impassable to the north, closed off by the Estonian islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. A ship making for Leningrad from Riga must initially head west toward the Swedish island of Gotland, then steer northwest towards Stockholm, and then finally turn east and head into the Gulf of Finland and then to the port of Leningrad. This course gave the mistaken impression that the Storozhevoy was heading to Sweden instead of Leningrad. Until the end of the Cold War western intelligence believed that the crew had planned to defect.

American author Tom Clancy was inspired by the reports to write the 1984 novel The Hunt for Red October (later made into a 1990 film starring Sean Connery).

Quotes[edit]

"Trust the fact that history will judge events honestly and you will never have to be embarrassed for what your father did. On no account ever be one of those people who criticise but do not follow through their actions. Such people are hypocrites—weak, worthless people who do not have the power to reconcile their beliefs with their actions. I wish you courage, my dear. Be strong in the belief that life is wonderful. Be positive and believe that the Revolution will always win."

- Valery Sablin's last letter to his son before his execution.

"I am convinced that a revolutionary consciousness will catch fire among our people."

- Valery Sablin's farewell letter to his parents.

References and external links[edit]