|Viktor Alexandrovich Nekipelov|
September 29, 1928|
|Died||July 1, 1989
|Occupation||Poet, writer, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group|
|Alma mater||Kharkiv Medical Institute, Maxim Gorky Literature Institute|
Viktor Aleksandrovich Nekipelov (Russian: Виктор Александрович Некипелов; September 29, 1928 Harbin, China - July 1, 1989 Paris) was a Russian poet, writer,:238 Soviet dissident,:85 member of the Moscow Helsinki Group.:265
Nekipelov was arrested in 1973, sent to the Section 4 of the Serbsky Institute of Forensic Psychiatry for psychiatric evaluation, which lasted from 15 January to 12 March 1974, was judged sane (which he was), tried, and sentenced to two years' imprisonment. In 1976, he published in samizdat his book Institute of Fools: Notes on the Serbsky Institute:147 based on his personal experience at Psychiatric Hospital of the Serbsky Institute:86 and translated into English in 1980.:312 In this account, he wrote compassionately, engagingly, and observantly of the doctors and other patients; most of the latters were ordinary criminals feigning insanity in order to be sent to a mental hospital, because hospital was a ‘cushy number’ as against prison camps. According to the President of the Independent Psychiatric Association of Russia Yuri Savenko, Nekipelov’s book is a highly dramatic humane document, a fair story about the nest of Soviet punitive psychiatry, a mirror that psychiatrists always need to look into. However according to Malcolm Lader, this book as an indictment of the Serbsky Institute hardly rises above tittle-tattle and gossip, and Nekipelov destroys his own credibility by presenting no real evidence but invariably putting the most sinister connotation on events. After publishing his book, he was sentenced to the maximum punishment for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda" of seven years in a labour camp and then five years in internal exile.
Released in 1987, Nekipelov emigrated and died in France.
- Lader, Malcolm (26 July 1980). "Prisoners of psychiatry". The British Medical Journal 281 (6235): 298–299. PMC 1713856.
- Некипелов, Виктор (1992). Стихи: Избранное. Издательство "Memorial".
- McCagg, William; Siegelbaum, Lewis (1989). The Disabled in the Soviet Union: past and present, theory and practice. University of Pittsburgh Pre. p. 238. ISBN 0-8229-3622-4.
- Sicher, Efraim (1985). Beyond marginality: Anglo-Jewish literature after the Holocaust. SUNY Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-87395-975-2.
- Bergman, Jay (2009). Meeting the demands of reason: the life and thought of Andrei Sakharov. Cornell University Press. p. 265. ISBN 0-8014-4731-3.
- Bloch, Sidney; Reddaway, Peter (1977). Psychiatric terror: how Soviet psychiatry is used to suppress dissent. Basic Books. p. 147. ISBN 0-465-06488-4.
- Jena, S.P.K. (2008). Behaviour Therapy: Techniques, Research and Applications. Sage Publications. p. 86. ISBN 0-7619-3624-6.
- Nekipelov, Viktor (1980). Institute of fools: notes from the Serbsky. Farrar, Straus, Giroux. ISBN 0-374-17703-1.
- Keefer, Janice; Pavlychko, Solomea (1998). Two lands, new visions: stories from Canada and Ukraine. Coteau Books. p. 312. ISBN 1-55050-134-8.
- Савенко, Юрий (2005). ""Институт дураков" Виктора Некипелова". Независимый психиатрический журнал (№ 4). Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- "Nekipelov Viktor Alexandrovich" (Biography) (in Russian). Moscow Helsinki Group. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
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