A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin (occasionally, two or more violins) and instrumental ensemble, customarily orchestra. Such works have been written since the Baroque period, when the solo concerto form was first developed, up through the present day. Many major composers have contributed to the violin concerto repertoire. Traditionally a three-movement work, the violin concerto has been structured in four movements by a number of 20th-century composers, including Henri Vieuxtemps, Shostakovich, Igor Stravinsky, and Berg (in the latter, the first two and last two movements are connected, with the only break coming between the second and third). In some violin concertos, especially from the Baroque and modern eras, the violin (or group of violins) is accompanied by a chamber ensemble rather than an orchestra—for instance, Vivaldi's L'estro Armonico, originally scored for four violins, two violas, cello, and continuo, and Allan Pettersson's first concerto, for violin and string quartet.
Selected list of violin concertos
The following concertos are presently found near the centre of the mainstream Western repertoire. For a more comprehensive list of violin concertos, see List of compositions for violin and orchestra.
- Henryk Wieniawski
- Concerto No. 1 in F♯ minor, Op. 14
- Concerto No. 2 in D minor, Op. 22
Selected list of other works for violin and ensemble
- *The Canon of Violin Literature, by Jo Nardolillo (2012), Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-7793-7
- free e-book about the compositions for violin concertante in the 20th century (ISBN 978-3-00-047105-6)