|— City —|
|Missouri River dock and park|
|• Total||9.87 sq mi (25.56 km2)|
|• Land||9.34 sq mi (24.19 km2)|
|• Water||0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)|
|Elevation||551 ft (168 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||14,045|
|• Density||1,497.0/sq mi (578.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0731664|
Washington is a city on the Missouri River in Franklin County, Missouri, United States. The population was 13,982 from the 2010 census. It is the corncob pipe capital of the world, with Missouri Meerschaum located on the historic riverfront .
Washington is located at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.87 square miles (25.56 km2), of which, 9.34 square miles (24.19 km2) is land and 0.53 square miles (1.37 km2) is water. The city has an extreme continental climate. The majority of annual precipitation falls during the humid springs and summers. Typically, falls and winters are relatively dry. While snow is not rare, it is not as frequent as in the upper Midwest. An average of 19 inches falls annually and it is usually gone in a few days.(38.551879, -91.013313)
Named after George Washington after it came under American control, the town was first settled during the rule of the Spanish Empire. It was originally called St. John Meyer's Settlement and was the site of the Spanish log fort, San Juan del Misuri (1796–1803).
Family and followers of Daniel Boone settled the area starting in 1799. In 1814 a ferry boat was licensed for crossing the Missouri River to the north and the settlement became known as Washington Landing. In 1827 a town was laid out, with sale of lots starting in 1829. The cost of land was waived if the buyer could build a substantial house within two years. This encouraged many new settlers.
Substantial numbers of anti-slavery German families started moving to the town in 1833, and they soon overwhelmed the existing population of slaveowners. Washington became a strong supporter of the Union during the American Civil War. The town was ransacked by Confederate General Sterling Price's soldiers, but they were unable to keep control of the area and he retreated with them to Brazil.
After the war, Washington became a railroad and steamboat transportation center. Its manufacturing industry while strong, it not as vibrant as it was decades ago. The town of Washington has 445 buildings on the National Register of Historic Places, a state record. Due to its historic charm, Washington has a growing heritage tourism industry, with visitors also attracted to the nearby Missouri Rhineland.
2010 census 
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,982 people, 5,863 households, and 3,665 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,497.0 inhabitants per square mile (578.0 /km2). There were 6,319 housing units at an average density of 676.6 per square mile (261.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 5,863 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
2000 census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,243 people, 5,258 households, and 3,501 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,548.9 people per square mile (598.0/km²). There were 5,565 housing units at an average density of 650.9 per square mile (251.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.76% White, 0.85% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.
There were 5,258 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was .
In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $43,417, and the median income for a family was $52,433. Males had a median income of $36,163 versus $23,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,360. About 3.0% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Sister city 
In 1990 Marbach am Neckar (Germany) became the sister city of Washington. Student exchanges and visitations between the two cities occur occasionally.
Notable residents 
- Jack Wagner - (born October 3, 1959 in Washington, Missouri) is an Emmy Award-nominated American actor. Roles on General Hospital and The Bold and the Beautiful. He also played a swinging doctor on Melrose Place.
- Jillian Grace
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- City of Washington
- Washington Chamber of Commerce
- Historic maps of Washington in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri