Germany national rugby union team

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Germany
Deutscher Rugby-Verband.png
Union Deutscher Rugby-Verband
Nickname(s) German National Team
Coach(es) Kobus Potgieter
Captain(s) Sean Armstrong
Most caps Alexander Widiker (59)
Team kit
Change kit
First international
 France 30 – 5 Germany 
(17 April 1927)
Largest win
 Serbia and Montenegro 0 – 108 Germany 
(12 November 2005)
Largest defeat
 Russia 89 – 6 Germany 
(16 April 2000)
World Cup
Appearances none
Germany playing Belgium in Qualifiers for the 2007 Rugby World Cup

Germany is a third-tier Rugby Union playing nation. Germany currently plays at the second level of European rugby but has never managed to qualify for the Rugby World Cup. The national team first played in 1927, with Rugby Union in Germany being administered by the Deutscher Rugby-Verband.

The German national team regularly competes in the European Nations Cup, the senior men's rugby tournament for European nations below the Six Nations. Following victory in Division 2A of that tournament in 2007–08, Germany competed in Division One, the top tier of the European Nations Cup, where it suffered defeat in every game and relegation.[1] With the exception of some players who play in France, the German team is still largely an amateur side.[2]

Germany's greatest achievement in men's rugby is arguably the silver medal won at the 1900 Olympic Games.

Germanys declared aim was originally to qualify for the 2015 Rugby World Cup in England,[3] but it has since lowered this ambition to the 2019 Rugby World Cup in Japan.[4]

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

German rugby crest

The German rugby union team's history began on 17 April 1927, when they played France in Paris but lost 5–30. The team established itself in their early years as number two in continental Europe, behind the French. They played 14 tests against their neighbour before the Second World War, winning two of them. As an indication of the team's strength, they did not lose to any team but France until 1937, when Italy beat them 9–7. Because Germany never played any of the Home nations, it is difficult to judge the true strength of the team from that era.

With the outbreak of the war in 1939, rugby came to a halt and Germany only played one more game, against Italy, in 1940. Germany lost almost a complete first XV in the war, and thus came out of it as a much weaker side, never able to repeat its pre-war successes.[5]

Post-Second World war[edit]

After an absence of 12 years, Germany, now considerably reduced in size and under the name of Federal Republic of Germany, played its first post-war international in 1952, beating Belgium 16–9. At the same time, in the Eastern part of the country, the German Democratic Republic, the German Democratic Republic national rugby union team was formed. The DRV continued to offer the East German DTSB to play a rugby friendly, but this was always declined by the East.[6]

Until 1965, Germany played friendlies only as there was no European rugby competition it could take part in.

The team also made an appearance at England's home ground, Twickenham Stadium, in 1956, losing 8–26 to Harlequin F.C. on 8 September of that year.[7]

From 1965, it became part of the second tier of FIRA rugby, effectively the third tier of European rugby, the Five nations tournament being outside the FIRA structure. In 1975, it played its first international against a non-European nation, beating Morocco in Hannover.

The team's greatest success in the second half of the 20th century was promotion to the A group of FIRA rugby in 1981. From 1981 to 1983, Germany played ten games at this level, but won just one and were relegated back to the B level. After this, the team dropped briefly to the C level in 1985 but promptly returned to the second tier.

German reunificaton[edit]

With the German reunification, in 1991, the German Democratic Republic national rugby union team was dissolved and became part of the Federal Republic's team. In 1994, Horst Kemmling, Germany's long-standing captain, ended his international career, having played a record number of 50 games for Germany from 1976 onwards.[8]

With the reorganisation of the European Nations Cup in 2000, Germany became part of the second division.

Centenary and Barbarians Tour[edit]

In 2000 the German Rugby Federation celebrated its centenary. Centenary celebrations included a banquet in the Heidelberg Castle and the hosting of the European leg of the Rugby World Cup Sevens in Heidelberg, in which the German team came close to upsetting Ireland, who had Gordon D'Arcy in their line-up. The tournament was won by the Welsh team, which featured Andy Marinos and Arwel Thomas.

The highlight of the Centenary season was the Centenary Match against the famous Barbarians. The Barbarians included a host of internationals including Scott Hastings, Peter Stringer, Shaun Longstaff, Jeff Probyn, Frankie Sheahan, Russell Earnshaw, Shaun Connor, John Langford and Derwyn Jones and won 47-19 against a determined German team.

ENC 2006–08[edit]

It remained at this level until 2008, when it achieved promotion to the top level, facing Europe's number 7 to 11 teams in 2009 and 2010. Its declared aim at this level was to avoid relegation; qualification for the 2011 Rugby World Cup was not really expected from the team.[9]

With over 8,000 spectators, Germany's home game against the Netherlands in Hanover, at the Rudolf-Kalweit-Stadion in April 2007, achieved the best crowd figures for a rugby match in Germany since the pre-Second World War days.[10]

Germany was unbeaten at home from 12 November 2000, when it lost to Ukraine, until 8 November 2008, when it lost to a Welsh selection.[11]

ENC 2008–10[edit]

In March 2009, coach Mark Kuhlmann stepped down after three and a half years in office, while the other two coaches Rudolf Finsterer and Bruno Stolorz, remained in the job. Stolorz was seconded to the German team by the Fédération française de rugby to improve Germany's performance in the sport.[12]

After five losses in the European Nations Cup in 2009, Germany achieved a win in a friendly against Hong Kong late in the year. Germany also managed a 15–12 victory over Switzerland but, as the German team had only one regular player in its side, captain Kehoma Brenner, the team was referred to as Germany A.[13] Mustafa Güngör became Germany's new captain on 8 December 2009, after the retirement of the previous captain Jens Schmidt, and played his first game in this role four days later, against Hong Kong,.[14] Germany fielded eight uncapped players in this game.[15] A planned game against the British Forces in Germany in January 2010 had to be called off twice because of bad weather.

Despite disappointing results on the field and the distinct possibility of Germany being relegated, the sport made some progress in the country in 2009–10. With the admittance of sevens rugby to the Olympic Games, rugby in Germany is now eligible for federal grants. Additionally, the Bundeswehr, the German army, has agreed to admit eight to ten players per year to its sports program, making those players effectively professionals.[16]

In October 2009, the DRV decided to set its aim at playing two friendlies every year in November at home and two in January abroad. It also plans to organise a 10-day tour in Europe every year from 2013.[2]

After disappointing results against Georgia, Portugal and Romania in spring 2010, the teams performance improved against Russia. In its final ENC game against Spain, where a victory by eleven points was needed, Germany played their best game in the campaign yet but nevertheless lost and was relegated. As a consequence, coach Rudolf Finsterer resigned after ten years of service.[1] He was replaced by Torsten Schippe in July 2010,[17] with South African Jakobus Potgieter as Schippes assistant.[18]

ENC 2010–12[edit]

Germany suffered a defeat in its opening game of the 2010–2012 European Nations Cup First Division B, losing to Poland 17–22 after leading 17–9 at half time. The defeat was seen as unnecessary by the President of the German Rugby Federation, Claus-Peter Bach, but he also considered Poland's victory as deserved. Germany went into the match with a new coach and assistant, a new captain, Alexander Widiker and five uncapped players.[19]

Germany finally achieved its first win in the ENC since 26 April 2008, when it beat the Netherlands in Amsterdam on 27 November 2010. Its last victory in the European competition had come at the same place against the same opposition, just over 31 month earlier.[20]

After a disappointing first half of the campaign, where Germany only won one of its five games, the team improved and won three in the second half, consequently finishing fourth overall out of six teams. With the final game against Moldova, Germany's captain Alexander Widiker played his 50th game for his country, thereby equling Horst Kemmling's record.[21]

ENC 2012–14[edit]

Germany again competed in the European Nations Cup First Division B in 2012–2014, once more facing Poland, Moldova and the Czech Republic. Additionally, it also competed against the Ukraine, relegated from the A group, and Sweden, promoted from the Second Division. Germany's first match was on 27 October when it played Ukraine at home.[22] Before that the team played an unofficial warm up match against the New Zealand Ambassador’s XV on 13 October 2012, a team that featured former All Black Keith Lowen in its ranks,[23] and ended in a 22–20 victory for Germany.[24]

Germany won its opening match against the Ukraine 46–28, a game in which captain Alexander Widiker became the country's record international rugby union player with 51 games.[25] After a loss to Poland, Germany finished 2012 with a win over Moldova. The German team lost a warm up match to a Welsh student selection in February 2013 before winning its first competitive match in 2013, against Czech Republic, 27-8. Germany finished the first phase of the campaign with a 73-17 victory over Sweden.[26]

Germany's coach Torsten Schippe resigned from his post in April 2013, citing work commitments as the reason, despite achieving good results with his team.[27]

Schippe was replaced by his assistant Kobus Potgieter as coach of the German team.[28] Germany started the autumn of 2013 with two wins in friendlies against the B team of the Czech Republic and the New Zealand Ambassador’s XV, the later with former All Black captain Taine Randell in its ranks.[29] It then won its away match against the Ukraine before winning at home against Poland, thereby taking back the lead in its division.[30][31] Germany lost its last game of 2013, 15–30 to Moldova, but won comfortably 76–12 against the Czech Republic in April 2014. This game was to be the 58th and last for German captain and record international Alexander Widiker as he retired from international rugby after that.[32]

Germany's last game of the 2012–14 campaign was against Sweden on 26 April where a bonus point win would guarantee the side the championship, promotion and an advancement in the Rugby World Cup qualifying.[33] Germany won the game 45–20 to advance to a play-off game against the Netherlands in the 2015 Rugby World Cup – Europe qualification,[34] which they won 17-7. They played Russia for a chance to qualify for the Repechage and lead 20–17 up to the 77th minute but eventually lost 20–31 and were knocked out of the qualifying.[35]

ENC 2014–16[edit]

Germany will compete in the European Nations Cup First Division A in 2014–16 once more. It will face Georgia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and Spain in this competition, the same opponents it faced at its last stint at this level when it lost all ten games and was relegated. Germany played an annual warm-up match against the New Zealand Ambassadors XV which it won 21–19.[36] It will be traveling to Namibia next courtesy to an invitation by the Namibian federation for a training camp and to play a warm up match against the African nation.[37] Germany will then begin its ENC campaign with a game against Georgia in February 2015.

Recent seasons[edit]

The performance of the German team since introduction of the European Nations Cup in 2000:

Year Division Position
2000 European Nations Cup Second Division 5th
2001 European Nations Cup Second Division 3rd
2001–2002 2003 Rugby World Cup – Europe qualification – Round 2 – Pool A 2nd
2002–2004 European Nations Cup Second Division 2nd
2004–2006 2007 Rugby World Cup – Europe qualification – Round 3 – Play-off Losing finalist
2006–2008 European Nations Cup Second Division 1st – Promoted
2008–2010 European Nations Cup First Division 6th – Relegated
2010–2012 European Nations Cup First Division – Division 1B 4th
2012–2014 European Nations Cup First Division – Division 1B 1st – Promoted

List of matches[edit]

The matches of the German national team since 2010:[38][39]

Rugby – German internationals from 2010
Date Location Opposition Result Tournament Report
6 February 2010 Tbilisi  Georgia 3–77 2008-2010 European Nations Cup First Division
also 2011 Rugby World Cup - Europe qualification
Line up
Report
13 February 2010 Constanţa  Romania 5–67 2008-2010 European Nations Cup First Division
also 2011 Rugby World Cup - Europe qualification
Line up
Report
27 February 2010 Heusenstamm  Portugal 0–69 2008-2010 European Nations Cup First Division
also 2011 Rugby World Cup - Europe qualification
Line up
Report
12 March 2010 Sochi  Russia 11–48 2008-2010 European Nations Cup First Division
also 2011 Rugby World Cup - Europe qualification
Line up
Report
20 March 2010 Heidelberg  Spain 17–21 2008-2010 European Nations Cup First Division
also 2011 Rugby World Cup - Europe qualification
Line up
20 November 2010 Frankfurt am Main  Poland 17–22 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
27 November 2010 Amsterdam  Netherlands 29–10 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
11 December 2010 Heidelberg  Hong Kong 34–13 Friendly Report
12 March 2011 Heidelberg  Czech Republic 23–29 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
19 March 2011 Brussels  Belgium 25–28 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
2 April 2011 Chişinău  Moldova 15–28 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
12 November 2011 Hannover  Netherlands 23–7 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
19 November 2011 Gdańsk  Poland 8–34 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
10 March 2012 Prague  Czech Republic 20–17 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
17 March 2012 Heusenstamm  Belgium 29–30 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
24 March 2012 Heidelberg  Moldova 40–7 2010-12 European Nations Cup First Division Report
27 October 2012 Berlin  Ukraine 46–28 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
3 November 2012 Gdańsk  Poland 13–22 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
17 November 2012 Heidelberg  Moldova 32–14 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
9 March 2013 Prague  Czech Republic 27–8 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
6 April 2013 Hamburg  Sweden 73–17 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
26 October 2013 Kharkiv  Ukraine 28–16 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
9 November 2013 Berlin  Poland 43–13 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
16 November 2013 Chișinău  Moldova 15–30 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
5 April 2014 Heidelberg  Czech Republic 76–12 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
26 April 2014 Stockholm  Sweden 45–20 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division Report
10 May 2014 Amsterdam  Netherlands 17-7 2015 Rugby World Cup – Europe qualification Report
24 May 2014 Hamburg  Russia 20–31 2015 Rugby World Cup – Europe qualification Report
29 October 2014 Windhoek  Namibia Friendly
7 February 2015 tba  Georgia 2014-16 European Nations Cup First Division
14 February 2015 tba  Russia 2014-16 European Nations Cup First Division
28 February 2015 tba  Portugal 2014-16 European Nations Cup First Division
14 March 2015 tba  Romania 2014-16 European Nations Cup First Division
21 March 2015 tba  Spain 2014-16 European Nations Cup First Division
  • German wins in bold.
  • Locations of German home games in bold.

Squad[edit]

The following players are part of the German team during its 2012-14 campaign:[40][41]

Germany captains[edit]

The following players have captained Germany in the recent past:

Captain Years
Horst Kemmling –1994
Dirk Kuhnen 1995–1998
Mark Schulze 1998–1999
Mark Kuhlmann 1999–2003
Colin Grzanna 2007–2008
Jens Schmidt –2009
Mustafa Güngör 2009–2010
Alexander Widiker 2010–2014
Sean Armstrong 2014

Germany coaches[edit]

The following coaches have led Germany in the recent past:

Coach Years
Germany Helmut Flügge 1959–1969
Germany Klaus Wesch 1969–1981
Germany Fritz Raupers 1981–1988
France Robert Antonin 1988–1990
France Jean-Claude Rutault 1990–1992
Romania Petre Ianusevici 1992–2000
Germany Torsten Schippe 2000–2001
Germany Rudolf Finsterer 2001–2010
Germany Torsten Schippe 2010–2013
South Africa Kobus Potgieter 2013–

Silver medal team 1900[edit]

Germany, represented by SC 1880 Frankfurt, at the 1900 Summer Olympics

The following players were part of the team that won the silver medal at the 1900 Summer Olympics:[42]

Rugby positions: German terms[edit]

Main article: Rugby union positions

In German, the English language terms for rugby positions are not commonly used. The German equivalents are:

Number English German
Forwards
1 Loosehead Prop Linker Pfeiler
2 Hooker Hakler
3 Tighthead Prop Rechter Pfeiler
4 Lock Zweite-Reihe-Stürmer
5 Lock Zweite-Reihe-Stürmer
6 Blindside Flanker Linker Flügelstürmer
7 Openside Flanker Rechter Flügelstürmer
8 Number 8 Nummer Acht
Backs
9 Scrum Half Gedrängehalb
10 Fly-half Verbindungshalb
11 Left Wing Kurzer Außendreiviertel
12 Inside Centre Erster Innendreiviertel
13 Outside Centre Zweiter Innendreiviertel
14 Right Wing Langer Außendreiviertel
15 Fullback Schlussmann

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Deutschland steigt ab / Finsterer tritt zurück Rugby-Journal, published: 20 March 2010. Retrieved: 20 March 2010
  2. ^ a b German champagne on ice IRB website – Report after the Netherlands game (2008). Retrieved: 10 January 2009
  3. ^ Germany launch quest to reach 2015 World cup worldcupweb.com, published: 15 April 2008. Retrieved: 27 December 2008
  4. ^ Der DRV-Arbeitsplan “Rugby auf dem Weg nach Olympia 2016” (German) totalrugby.de, author: Claus-Peter Bach, published: 19 October 2009. Retrieved: 27 March 2010
  5. ^ Rugby zwischen den beiden Weltkriegen (German) DRV website – History between the wars. Retrieved: 26 December 2008
  6. ^ Post SV Berlin Rugby – Archiv (German) Chronik 30 Jahre – History of Post SV Berlin Rugby. Retrieved: 11 April 2010
  7. ^ Take a trip down memory lane courtesy of our historian John Griffiths scrum.com. Retrieved: 27 December 2008
  8. ^ 100 Jahre Endspiel der deutschen Rugby-Meisterschaft: Stuttgart – Hannover (German) totalrugby.de, published: 9 August 2009. Retrieved: 9 March 2010
  9. ^ Finsterer: “Werden andere deutsche Mannschaft sehen” (German) Rugby Journal – Preview for the 2009–10 season. Retrieved: 9 January 2009
  10. ^ Germany – Netherlands report (German) totalrugby.de. Retrieved: 28 March 2010
  11. ^ Deutschland vor Rückkehr in Division 1 (German) Rugby Journal – Match report. Retrieved: 7 January 2009
  12. ^ Mark Kuhlmann nicht mehr DRV-Nationaltrainer (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 9 March 2009. Retrieved: 25 February 2010
  13. ^ Nationalteams holten den Alpencup zurück (German), Rugby-Journal, published: 27 September 2009. Retrieved: 21 February 2010
  14. ^ Güngör neuer Kapitän der National-XV (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 8 December 2009. Retrieved: 21 February 2010
  15. ^ Deutschland besiegt Hongkong mit 24:14 (16:0) (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 12 December 2009. Retrieved: 21 February 2010
  16. ^ DRV XV: Bundeswehr löst die großen Rugby-Probleme (German) Interview with Claus-Peter Bach, totalrugby.de, published: 26 February 2010. Retrieved: 26 February 2010
  17. ^ Torsten Schippe wird Trainer des 15er-Nationalteams (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 11 July 2010. Retrieved: 26 July 2010
  18. ^ Kobus Potgieter neuer Co-Trainer der Nationalmannschaft (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 16 July 2010. Retrieved: 26 July 2010
  19. ^ DRV XV: Unnötige Auftaktniederlage gegen Polen (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 21 November 2010. Retrieved: 21 November 2010
  20. ^ DRV XV: Verdienter Sieg in Amsterdam (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 28 November 2010. Retrieved: 28 November 2010
  21. ^ Rekord für Snakko (German) DRV website. Retrieved: 7 April 2012
  22. ^ Ausschreibung ENC (German) DRV website. Retrieved: 22 July 2012
  23. ^ New Zealand Ambassador's mit ehemaligem All Black gegen Deutschland (German) totalrugby.de, published: 26 September 2012. Retrieved: 1 October 2012
  24. ^ Deutsche Rugby-Herren besiegen Neuseeland-Auswahl (German) totalrugby.de, published: 13 October 2012, Retrieved: 17 October 2012
  25. ^ Deutsche 15er-Herren gewinnen EM-Auftakt gegen Ukraine (German) totalrugby.de, published: 27 October 2012. Retrieved: 1 November 2012
  26. ^ Deutsche 15er-Herren mit Kantersieg gegen Schweden (German) totalrugby.de, published: 6 April 2013, Retrieved: 7 April 2013
  27. ^ 15er-Nationaltrainer Torsten Schippe tritt zurück (German) totalrugby.de, published: 18 April 2013, accessed: 19 April 2013
  28. ^ DRV-Nationaltrainer Kobus Potgieter: Polen ist der Favorit (German) totalrugby.de, published: 6 November 2013, accessed: 11 November 2013
  29. ^ Deutschland verteidigt Ambassadors Cup (German) totalrugby.de, published: 6 October 2013, accessed: 11 November 2013
  30. ^ Rugby-EM: DRV XV erobert in der Ukraine die Tabellenführung zurück (German) totalrugby.de, published: 26 October 2013, accessed: 11 November 2013
  31. ^ Rugby-EM: DRV XV macht einen großen Schritt in Richtung Aufstieg (German) totalrugby.de, published: 9 November 2013, accessed: 11 November 2013
  32. ^ Der Kapitän geht von Bord (German) totalrugby.de, published: 4 April 2014, accessed: 24 April 2014
  33. ^ DRV XV: Aufstiegs-Showdown am letzten Spieltag (German) totalrugby.de, published: 22 April 2014, accessed: 24 April 2014
  34. ^ DRV XV macht den Aufstieg perfekt (German) totalrugby.de, published: 26 April 2014, accessed: 27 April 2014
  35. ^ WM-Qualifikation: DRV XV verliert nach großem Kampf gegen Russland (German) totalrugby.de, published: 24 May 2014, accessed: 25 May 2014
  36. ^ DRV XV landet knappen Sieg über neuseeländische Rugby-Botschafter (German) totalrugby.de, published: 12 October 2014, accessed: 20 October 2014
  37. ^ Deutsche Rugby-Nationalmannschaft testet gegen WM-Teilnehmer Namibia (German) totalrugby.de, published: 15 October 2014, accessed: 20 October 2014
  38. ^ List of Germany results (German) DRV website. Retrieved: 19 March 2011
  39. ^ Statsguru / Team analysis / Germany / Test matches scrum.com. Retrieved: 19 March 2011
  40. ^ DRV-Kader für Spiel gegen Polen nominiert (German) Rugby-Journal, published: 19 November 2010. Retrieved: 21 November 2010
  41. ^ ENC Division 1B 2010-2012 - Mannschaftskader Deutschland (German) totalrugby.de. Retrieved: 21 November 2010
  42. ^ Die Gründerjahre des deutschen Rugbysports (German) DRV website – Foundation years. Retrieved: 27 December 2008

External links[edit]