Djuanda Kartawidjaja

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Djuanda Kartawidjaja
Djuanda Cartawidjaja.jpg
10th Prime Minister of Indonesia
In office
9 April 1957 – 9 July 1959
Preceded by Ali Sastroamidjojo
Succeeded by Post abolished
11th Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia
In office
10 July 1959 – 6 March 1962
President Sukarno
Preceded by Sutikno Slamet
Succeeded by R.M Notohamiprodjo
11th Minister of Defence of the Republic of Indonesia
In office
9 April 1957 – 9 July 1959
President Sukarno
Preceded by Ali Sastroamidjojo
Succeeded by Abdul Haris Nasution
5th Minister of Public Works of the Republic of Indonesia
In office
29 January 1948 – 4 August 1949
President Sukarno
Preceded by Herling Laoh
Succeeded by Herling Laoh
3rd Minister of Transport of the Republic of Indonesia
In office
2 October 1946 – 4 August 1949
President Sukarno
Preceded by Abdulkarim
Succeeded by Herling Laoh
In office
6 September 1950 – 30 July 1953
President Sukarno
Preceded by Sitompul
Succeeded by Abikusno Tjokrosujoso
Personal details
Born Ir. H. R. Djoeanda Kartawidjaja
(1911-01-14)14 January 1911
Netherlands Tasikmalaya, West Java, Dutch East Indies
Died 7 November 1963(1963-11-07) (aged 52)
Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesia
Political party Indonesian National Party
Profession Politician
Religion Islam

Raden (Lord) Djuanda Kartawidjaja (14 January 1911, Tasikmalaya, West Java – 7 November 1963, Jakarta) was an ethnic Sundanese noble from the court of Cirebon, an Indonesian politician and the 11th and the final Prime Minister of Indonesia. Raden Djuanda Kartawidjaja, usually referred to simply as Djuanda, served as Minister of Communications in seven cabinets from 1946 to 1949 and 1950 to 1953; as Minister of State in 1949 and Minister of Welfare from 1949 to 1950. Djuanda was Indonesia's final Prime Minister in Sukarno "Karya" cabinets, the final cabinets of the Liberal Democracy Era (prior to the Guided Democracy period) and as First Minister from 1959 until his death in 1963.

Djuanda's death and the abolition of the post of Prime Minister in the Indonesian Republican system allowed far greater power to be exercised by the President- now being given full ruling power with minimal oversight, as both Head of State and Head of Government. This had an enormous impact on Indonesian politics, allowing the constitutional legality of the autocracy of Sukarno and Suharto.

Juanda International Airport, located in Surabaya, is named after him, who suggested development for the airport.

References[edit]

  • Ricklefs (1982), A History of Modern Indonesia, Macmillan Southeast Asian reprint, ISBN 0-333-24380-3
  • Simanjuntak, P.H.H (2003) Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (Cabinets of the Republic of Indonesia: From the Start of Independence to the Reform Era), Penerbit Djambatan, Jakarta, ISBN 979-428-499-8