Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Zheleznogorsk (town).
Zheleznogorsk (English)
Железногорск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Checkpoint in closed city Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai.jpg
Checkpoint at the entrance to the town
Map of Russia - Krasnoyarsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia
Zheleznogorsk is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Zheleznogorsk
Zheleznogorsk
Location of Zheleznogorsk in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Coordinates: 56°15′00″N 93°32′00″E / 56.25000°N 93.53333°E / 56.25000; 93.53333Coordinates: 56°15′00″N 93°32′00″E / 56.25000°N 93.53333°E / 56.25000; 93.53333
Coat of Arms of Zheleznogorsk.svg
Flag of Zheleznogorsk.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of March 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnoyarsk Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to closed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk[1]
Administrative center of closed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2009)
Urban okrug Zheleznogorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Zheleznogorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Vadim Medvedev[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 84,795 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 196th
Time zone KRAT (UTC+07:00)[4]
[5] 1950[citation needed]
Previous names Krasnoyarsk-26[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 662970–662973, 662976–662978, 662980
Dialing code(s) +7 39197[citation needed]
Official website
Zheleznogorsk on WikiCommons

Zheleznogorsk (Russian: Железного́рск) is a closed town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, with a developed nuclear industry. Population: 84,795 (2010 Census);[3] 93,875 (2002 Census).[7]

History[edit]

The town was formerly known as Krasnoyarsk-26 (Красноя́рск-26).[citation needed]

It was established in 1950 for the production of weapons-grade plutonium.[5] The history of the town and the associated defense complex are intertwined. In 1959, the Government created there under M.F. Reshetnev supervision the Eastern office of OKB-1 (further NPO PM - the satellite manufacturer). Defense plants included nuclear facilities built within caverns excavated in the granite mountain on the northern edge of the city as well as space research enterprises.[8]

It was a secret town in the Soviet Union until President Boris Yeltsin decreed in 1992 that such places could use their historical names. Before then, the town had not appeared on any official maps. As is the tradition with Soviet towns containing secret facilities, "Krasnoyarsk-26" is actually a P.O. Box number and implies that the place is located some distance from the city of Krasnoyarsk. The town was also known as Soctown, Iron City, the Nine,[9] and Atom Town.[8]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated as the closed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the closed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk is incorporated as Zheleznogorsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Zheleznogorsk is the location of the Krasnoyarsk Mining and Chemical Combine, a combine which played a significant role in the early Russian nuclear weapons production campaigns.

Zheleznogorsk is also the location for the production of plutonium, electricity and district heat using graphite-moderated water-cooled reactors. The last reactor was shut down permanently in Аpril 2010.[10] It is the location of a military reprocessing facility and for a Russian commercial nuclear-waste storage facility.

A significant employer in the city is JSC Information Satellite Systems, Russia's largest satellite manufacturer and the prime developer of the GLONASS program.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #10-4765
  2. ^ a b c Law #14-3412
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b World Data Centers in Russia. Information about the Krasnoyarsk Mining and Chemical Combine (Russian)
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Atom Town, edited by Vladimir Medvedev, "Bear" Company, Zheleznogorsk.
  9. ^ The Siberia Chemical Building Company was located in Zheleznogorsk but had a different postal code, Krasnoyarsk - 9.
  10. ^ Ceremony marks end of a nuclear era

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №10-4765 от 10 июня 2010 г. «О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края», в ред. Закона №6-2191 от 20 марта 2014 г. «Об изменении административно-территориального устройства Кежемского района и о внесении изменений в Закон края "О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края"». Вступил в силу 1 июля 2010 г.. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №33(404), 5 июля 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #10-4765 of June 10, 2010 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai, as amended by the Law #6-2191 of March 20, 2014 On Changing the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kezhemsky District and on Amending the Krai Law "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai". Effective as of July 1, 2010.).
  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №14-3412 от 26 мая 2005 г. «О статусе закрытых административно-территориальных образований Красноярского края», в ред. Закона №8-2948 от 19 февраля 2009 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 1 Закона края «О статусе закрытых административно-территориальных образований Красноярского края»». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №26, 23 июня 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #14-3412 of May 26, 2005 On the Status of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formations of Krasnoyarsk Krai, as amended by the Law #8-2948 of February 19, 2009 On Amending Article 1 of the Krai Law "On the Status of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formations of Krasnoyarsk Krai". Effective as of ten days after the official publication.).