Haiden of Ōsaki Hachimangū
|Address||4-6-1 Hachiman, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi|
|Glossary of Shinto|
The construction of the present shaden was ordered by the wealthy daimyō Date Masamune. He hired craftsmen from Kyoto and central Japan, some of whom had previously worked for the Toyotomi family. The shrine was erected between 1604 and 1607. The lavish decoration with wood carving, painting, metal fittings, and lacquer emulated recent models from central Japan, in particular, the Toyokuni shrine in Kyoto. Since the early Meiji period the shrine was called Ōsaki Hachiman Jinja. In consideration of historical circumstances, its original name was reinstated in June 1997. On November 22, 1952, the shaden was designated as a National Treasure.
The shaden is one of the oldest extant examples of ishi-no-ma-zukuri (石の間造), also known as gongen-zukuri (権現造), and an outstanding work of Azuchi–Momoyama architecture. It is a single-storied structure consisting of a main sanctuary (honden) and a worship hall (haiden) which are joined via a connecting passage called ishi-no-ma. All three structures are under a single roof which is covered with thin shake shingles (kokerabuki 柿葺) made from Japanese cypress.
The honden is a 5 ken (間, bay) by 3 ken structure with a hip-and-gable, irimoya style roof to which a simple gabled roof of the 3 ken by 1 ken ishi-no-ma connects. The haiden is also 3 ken deep and 7 ken wide. Its roof is like that of the honden of the hip-and-gable type. On the front it has an attached triangular dormer with a decorative bargeboard of strongly concave shape, a chidori hafu (千鳥破風 lit. "plover gable"). The entrance is covered by a 5 ken wide step canopy with an undulating karahafu gable at eave ends (nokikarahafu).
- Schweizer, Anton (2016). Osaki Hachiman: Architecture, Materiality and Samurai Power in Seventeenth-Century Japan. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag GmbH. pp. 206–228. ISBN 3496015411.
- "Ōsaki Hachiman Shrine – English information" (PDF). Ōsaki Hachiman Shrine. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- 国指定文化財 データベース [Database of National Cultural Properties] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. 2008-11-01. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
- "chidori hafu". JAANUS – Japanese Architecture and Art Net User System. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "karahafu". JAANUS – Japanese Architecture and Art Net User System. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
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