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19 Kids and Counting

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19 Kids and Counting
19 Kids and Counting logo.jpg
Also known as 17 Kids and Counting (2008–09)
18 Kids and Counting (2009)
Genre Reality
Starring The Duggar Family
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 10
No. of episodes 227 (plus specials) (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)
Producer(s) Sean Overbeeke
Camera setup Multiple
Running time 17–44 minutes
Production company(s) Figure 8 Films
Release
Original channel TLC
Picture format 480i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Original release September 29, 2008 (2008-09-29) – May 19, 2015
External links
Website

19 Kids and Counting (formerly 17 Kids and Counting and 18 Kids and Counting), rendered graphically as 19 kids &Counting in its onscreen logo, is an American reality television show that aired on the cable channel TLC for seven years, until its cancellation in 2015. The show featured the Duggar family: parents Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar and their 19 children—nine girls and ten boys, all of whose names begin with the letter "J". During the life of the show, three of the children were married, and several grandchildren were born.

The reality show focused on the life of the Duggar family who are devout Independent Baptists,[1] and frequently discusses values of purity, modesty, and faith in God. The Duggars avoid birth control saying they have decided to allow God to determine the number of children they have. All of the children are homeschooled, and access to entertainment, such as movies and television, is limited. They practice chaperoned courtship, where the couple gets to know each other in a group setting.[2] The values presented on the show have been associated with the Quiverfull movement, which has been described as promoting strict family conformity, male hierarchies, and subservient roles for women.[3][4][5] The Duggars do not self-identify as Quiverfull Christians.[4][6][7]

The series began on September 29, 2008 and concluded on May 19, 2015.[8] The show was TLC's most popular, averaging 2.3 million viewers per new episode in Season 10, and scoring in the Nielsen "Cable Top 25".[9][10]

On May 22, 2015, TLC suspended the series when the Duggars' eldest son, Josh, publicly apologized for having "acted inexcusably" following reports that he molested five girls, including some of his sisters, by fondling them. These events occurred in 2002 and 2003, when he was 14 to 15 years of age, and prior to the beginning of the show. On July 16, 2015, TLC announced that the show was officially canceled and would not resume production.[11]

Background

The Duggars live in Tontitown, Arkansas (although property-tax records show a Springdale address) and originally appeared in several TLC and Discovery Health one-hour specials, mostly focused on four of Michelle's last five deliveries.[12][13] Jim Bob Duggar has an older sister, Deanna, who occasionally appears on the show. Michelle Duggar has six siblings. The couple met in the early 1980s when Jim Bob Duggar and a fellow church member were sent for a follow-up visit after Michelle Duggar experienced a religious conversion.[14] Jim Bob and Michelle were married on July 21, 1984, just after Michelle's high school graduation. She was 17 and he was 19 when they married; neither went to college. Together, they launched a used-car business, then towing and real estate businesses. They are both licensed real estate agents.[15][16]

The Duggars chose to wait before having children and used birth control pills in the early years of their marriage. Their eldest child, Joshua, was born in 1988. They resumed using oral contraceptives after Josh's birth but conceived again despite this precaution. Michelle miscarried that pregnancy. Michelle has mentioned that they named that child Caleb, despite not knowing the baby's sex for certain.[17] The Duggars believed the miscarriage was due to their use of contraceptives, and decided to stop using birth control. They decided to allow God to determine the number of children they would have.[18] Michelle soon became pregnant again, this time with her first set of twins, Jana and John-David. Michelle has given birth 17 times (twice with twins) over a period of 21 and a half years, approximately one birth every 15 months.

The Duggars are devout Independent Baptists.[1] They only watch programs they consider to be wholesome family television and various historical events. Their Internet service is filtered. They adhere to certain standards of modesty in clothing in accordance with their religious beliefs. Shorts and tank tops are prohibited, and the women do not wear skirts that go above the knee. According to Michelle Duggar, such standards are mandated by scripture, cine "God talks about the thigh being uncovered, and how that's nakedness and shame." Michelle added that such dress runs risk of "defrauding" others--or as she puts it, it risks arousing "desires in someone else that cannot be righteously fulfilled." They avoid beaches and public swimming areas "because it's just too hard for the guys to try to keep their eyes averted in those situations".[19] Female family members do not cut their hair short, and males are clean-shaven and short-haired. They practice chaperoned courtship, where the couple gets to know each other in a group setting. The Duggars describe this as "dating with a purpose" and the Daily Mail describes it as a "G-rated alternative to dating".[2]

The children are homeschooled using materials from a number of sources, including "Switched On Schoolhouse", Institute in Basic Life Principles (IBLP), and Accelerated Christian Education (ACE).[20] Several of the older children use the CollegePlus! program for post-secondary studies.[21]

The Duggars use a buddy system to raise their children, in which an older child is assigned to a younger sibling and assists in the latter's primary care. According to Michelle, "They help with their little phonics lessons and games during the day and help them practice their music lessons. They will play with them or help them pick out the color of their outfit that day, and just all of those types of things."[22]

Michelle Duggar won the 2004 "Young Mother of the Year Award" in Arkansas, which is sponsored by American Mothers Incorporated.[23]

Jim Bob Duggar served as a Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1999 to 2002. He was defeated for the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate by incumbent Tim Hutchinson in 2002 by a vote of 71,576 to 20,546.[24] He later became a real estate agent and investor. The Duggars' income is derived from rental proceeds of commercial properties they own.[25][15] They live debt-free.[26][27]

Construction of their 7,000 square-foot (650 square-meter) house began in 2000 when they bought the lot and ordered two steel frames. One of the frames was not drilled correctly, so the Duggars received a third frame which was used to make the girls' room and the industrial kitchen.[28] Discovery Networks completed it, finding local Arkansas construction workers to donate their skills and time. The home was completed on January 20, 2006 . Some of the painting, decorating, furnishings, appliances, and other finishing touches—such as a stocked pantry—were provided by Discovery Networks and corporate sponsors as part of the one-hour television special[15] entitled 16 Children and Moving In.

Events during the series

Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar

Michelle gave birth via emergency Caesarean section to Josie Brooklyn on December 10, 2009, three months prematurely. Michelle was rushed to the hospital for gallstones, and when the doctors discovered she had pre-eclampsia, performed an emergency delivery. Josie weighed 1 pound 6 ounces (0.62 kg) at birth. A week after the birth, Michelle reported that Josie was "doing as well as can be expected for a baby at her age. We are taking each hour as it comes." On April 6, 2010, after nearly four months in the hospital, Michelle and Jim Bob were able to take Josie to their rental in Little Rock, while they awaited medical approval to take her home to Tontitown.[29][30]

The Duggars took Josie home to Tontitown for good on June 23, 2010. Michelle said Josie was doing well and weighed about nine pounds.[citation needed] By that December she weighed 15 pounds 12 ounces (7.1 kg).[31]

The couple had discussed the possibility of having more children, with Michelle Duggar saying,

We would love more! I'm 43, almost 44 this September. I know that my mommy years are probably numbered, and I don't know how many more children God will see fit to give me. ... [I]t is something we've been praying about because we do love children. Each child really is a gift and that doesn't mean just our children. We asked the Lord to give us a love of children the way He loves children. That is something that we've prayed about, and we'll just see what the Lord has in store for our family in the future.[32]

On December 2, 2008, Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar's book The Duggars: 20 and Counting! was released.[33] Their second book, A Love That Multiplies, was released on June 7, 2011.[34]

On November 8, 2011, Michelle Duggar and family appeared on NBC's Today Show to announce that she was expecting their 20th child.[35] On December 8, 2011, Michelle and Jim Bob Duggar announced that she had miscarried.[36] Six days later, they held a memorial service for the stillborn baby girl that they named Jubilee Shalom (which means celebration and peace).[37][38]

A few months after the birth of their daughter, Mackynzie, Josh and Anna learned that she was pregnant with their second child, but the pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.[39] On Mackynzie's first birthday, Josh and Anna announced they were expecting again, and the baby was a boy. The couple welcomed their second child, Michael James, on June 15, 2011. They learned that they were pregnant again in September 2012, right after the family's return from its Asia trip.[citation needed]

Josh was offered a job at Family Research Council during Anna's pregnancy with their third child. Marcus Anthony was delivered by a midwife on June 2, 2013. Josh announced that he was hired to be the executive director of the Family Research Council's political action committee on June 18, 2013, and the family would move to Washington, D.C.[40]

On December 2, 2014, Josh and Anna announced that they are expecting their fourth child.[41] On March 2, 2015, they reported that this baby is a girl, due in early July 2015.[42]

The Duggars issued an announcement that Jessa Duggar was in a courtship with Ben Seewald on September 18, 2013. The couple met through their church and were "enjoying getting to know each other and are recommending sermons to one another."[43][44]

On August 15, 2014, after eleven months of courtship, Ben and Jessa announced their engagement.[45][46] Ben and Jessa were married on November 1, 2014.[47]

Jill's courtship with Derick Dillard was announced on March 31, 2014. They were introduced by Jim Bob and became acquainted via supervised Skype and text conversations while Derick was serving as a missionary in Nepal. Jill and Jim Bob traveled to Nepal to meet Derick in person and began a formal courtship in November 2013.[48] The couple announced their engagement on April 9, 2014,[49] and were married on June 21, 2014.[50][51]

Jill and Derick announced Jill's first pregnancy on August 20, 2014. The child, Israel David Dillard, was born on April 6, 2015.[52]

Jessa and Ben announced Jessa's first pregnancy on April 21, 2015. The child is due on their first wedding anniversary, November 1, 2015.[53] They also waited until the second trimester to announce the pregnancy.[54]

Controversies

Views on LGBT issues

The Duggar family has generated controversy due to their stance on LGBT issues. In August 2014, Michelle Duggar recorded a political robocall regarding legislation affecting transgender individuals, which The Huffington Post described as “transphobic” and The Washington Post described as "anti-anti-discrimination". The robocall includes Michelle saying: "The Fayetteville City Council is voting on an ordinance this Tuesday night that would allow men – yes I said men – to use women's and girls restrooms, locker rooms, showers, sleeping areas and other areas that are designated for females only. I don't believe the citizens of Fayetteville would want males with past child predator convictions that claim they are female to have a legal right to enter private areas that are reserved for women and girls". In response to this robocall, a petition was started on Change.org calling for TLC to cancel the show 19 Kids and Counting, which received over 100,000 signatures. A petition asking TLC to keep the show on the air was started in response to the petition calling for cancellation. It received over 100,000 signatures.[55][56][57][58]

In November 2014, the Duggars asked married couples to take a picture while kissing and share it on their Facebook page. Several users noted that pictures of same-sex couples were deleted from the Duggar's Facebook page.[59] While working for the Family Research Council, the Duggar’s eldest son, Josh Duggar, said “I truly believe every child deserves a mother and a father”; the Family Research Council has been labeled as an anti-gay hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center, with SPLC saying they were designated as such due to their publication of "anti-gay propaganda".[60][61][62] Josh Duggar has been described as an "anti-gay activist" by GLAAD.[63]

Josh's molestation revelations

On May 21, 2015, a police report from 2006 was revealed to the public by In Touch Weekly magazine, stating sexual molestation allegations against the Duggars' eldest son, Josh Duggar. The report states that in 2002–2003, Josh – then 14 to 15 years old – fondled five girls, including four of his sisters, by touching their breast and genital region on multiple occasions while they were asleep and in a few cases while awake.[64][65][66] These events occurred prior to the beginning of the reality series. The case was never fully investigated, and the statute of limitations has expired.[64] On May 22, 2015, TLC removed all reruns of the show that were previously set to air from its current airing schedule, with the statement, "we are deeply saddened and troubled by this heartbreaking situation, and our thoughts and prayers are with the family and victims at this difficult time."[67][68][69]

In the wake of the controversy, more than 20 advertisers, including General Mills, Walgreens, Payless ShoeSource, Choice Hotels, Pizza Hut, Sweet Leaf Tea and Crayola announced that they were pulling their ads from the show;[70][71][72] Hulu also removed the show's entire back catalog of episodes from the streaming service.[73] Public reaction to the revelation led to several petitions calling for TLC to cancel the series on Change.org, citing conflict between the reported events and the show's promotion of family values.[66][74][75]

Josh, along with his wife and his parents responded to the revelations. Josh apologized, stating he had "acted inexcusably", and resigned from his position at the Family Research Council. Anna stated she knew about Josh's actions two years before she married him, and believed that the counseling he received after the incidents "changed his life". Jim Bob and Michelle described this time as a dark period in their lives and said it caused their family "to seek God like never before". The elder Duggars said they would answer questions regarding "the pain that we walked through as a family" in an interview with Megyn Kelly scheduled to air on Fox News Channel's The Kelly File on June 3, 2015.[76][77][78][79]

On May 23, 2015, TMZ reported from insider sources that TLC is considering multiple options regarding the future of the reality program including: canceling the show; continuing the show as is; or continuing the show without Josh.[80] There has been discussion of a possible spin-off reality show focusing on newlyweds Jill Duggar and Derick Dillard, as well as Jessa Duggar and Ben Seewald.[81][82][83]

Cancellation

On July 16, 2015, Discovery Communications, parent company of TLC, confirmed to CNN that the show was officially canceled and that all further production would be ceased. In the wake of the allegations, the network announced that it would produce a one-hour, commercial-free documentary special on child abuse, that will include Jill and Jessa.[11]

TLC paid the Duggar family an estimate of US$25,000 to US$45,000 per episode. Due to the show cancellation, the loss of endorsements, speaking engagements and book deals based on the show, would result in a loss of an estimate of US$25 million a year.[84][85]

Reception

Arnold Hamilton of the The Dallas Morning News described 19 Kids and Counting as "part Little House on the Prairie, part Yours, Mine & Ours–except the only blending in this real-life family occurs with restaurant like precision at mealtimes.” He described the Duggars as acting “against the trend”, considering the 2002 US Census found that only 0.3 percent of women ages 15 to 44 have given birth to seven or more children and that this number has declined steadily since 1976.[15]

In an op-ed for the The New York Observer, Nina Burleigh described the Duggars as "Good TV. Good, sugarcoated rat poison, politically speaking", referring to the Duggars political activity such as their opposition to abortion and their lobbying efforts against legislation which would allow transgender people use of public restrooms matching their gender identity.[86]

In an article published in the Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, Christy Mesaros-Winckles described the Duggars as "unofficial spokespeople for the Quiverfull movement". Referring to the first season of the show, Mesaros-Winckles said the Duggars introduced themselves and their religious beliefs with the "subtle and disturbing" message of conformity and "rigid male hierarchy" associated with the Quiverfull movement. Mesaros-Winckles asserts that the show provides a platform for the legitimization of this movement, while downplaying "patriarchal gender roles and strict family conformity". Mesaros-Winckles also said the Duggars "try to convince the audience that their way of life is best for raising healthy, godly children" and that a large family is a "biblical mandate". She concluded that despite the small size of the Quiverfull movement, with perhaps only several thousand followers, the show 19 Kids and Counting has brought the movement to the forefront of American culture.[5]

Feminist Amanda Marcotte referred to the Duggars as part of the “Christian patriarchy movement", which she described as interchangeable with the Quiverfull movement, saying the Duggars promote sexist values which run counter to mainstream American culture.[3] The Duggars have said they are not part of the Quiverfull movement, stating: "we are simply Bible-believing Christians who desire to follow God's Word and apply it to our lives"[7]

Duggar family

Parents

Children

Name Date of birth Notes
1 Joshua James "Josh" (1988-03-03) March 3, 1988 (age 27)[88] Married to Anna Keller with four children.[42]
2 Jana Marie (1990-01-12) January 12, 1990 (age 25)[89]
3 John-David
4 Jill Michelle (1991-05-17) May 17, 1991 (age 24) Married to Derick Dillard[89] with one son[52]
5 Jessa Lauren (1992-11-04) November 4, 1992 (age 22)[89] Married to Ben Seewald,[47] expecting first child[90]
6 Jinger Nicole (1993-12-21) December 21, 1993 (age 21)[89]
7 Joseph Garrett (1995-01-20) January 20, 1995 (age 20)[88]
8 Josiah Matthew (1996-08-28) August 28, 1996 (age 19)[88]
9 Joy-Anna (1997-10-28) October 28, 1997 (age 17)[89]
10 Jedidiah Robert (1998-12-30) December 30, 1998 (age 16)[88]
11 Jeremiah Robert
12 Jason Michael (2000-04-21) April 21, 2000 (age 15)[88]
13 James Andrew (2001-07-07) July 7, 2001 (age 14)[88]
14 Justin Samuel (2002-11-15) November 15, 2002 (age 12)[88]
15 Jackson Levi[91] (2004-05-23) May 23, 2004 (age 11)[88]
16 Johannah Faith[92] (2005-10-11) October 11, 2005 (age 9)[89]
17 Jennifer Danielle[93] (2007-08-02) August 2, 2007 (age 8)[89]
18 Jordyn-Grace Makiya[94] (2008-12-18) December 18, 2008 (age 6)[89]
19 Josie Brooklyn[95] (2009-12-10) December 10, 2009 (age 5)[89]

Josh's family

Anna Renée Keller born - (1988-06-23) June 23, 1988 (age 27)[citation needed] - married Josh Duggar on September 26, 2008.

Children

Name Date of birth
1 Mackynzie Renée (2009-10-08) October 8, 2009 (age 5)
2 Michael James (2011-06-15) June 15, 2011 (age 4)
3 Marcus Anthony (2013-06-02) June 2, 2013 (age 2)
4 Meredith Grace (2015-07-19)July 19, 2015 (age &&&&&&&&&&&&&0451 month 14 days) [96]

Jill's family

Derick Michael Dillard - born (1989-03-09) March 9, 1989 (age 26)[citation needed] - married Jill on June 21, 2014.[50]

On July 18, 2015, the Dillard's announced they are on a mission trip with their son, Israel Dillard, in Central America. [97]

Children

Name Date of birth
1 Israel David (2015-04-06)April 6, 2015 (age &&&&&&&&&&&&01494 months 27 days)

Jessa's family

Jessa Duggar married Benjamin Michael "Ben" Seewald - born (1995-05-19) May 19, 1995 (age 20)[citation needed] on November 1, 2014.[47] They announced on April 21, 2015 that they are expecting their first baby, due in November 2015.[53]

Guests appearing

Family members

Name Relationship Notes
Mary Duggar Jim Bob's mother Lives with the family[citation needed]
Jimmy Lee Duggar Jim Bob's father 1936–2009 (aged 73)[citation needed]
Deanna Duggar Jordan Jim Bob's sister[citation needed] Appears in two episodes in season three and in the A Duggar Leaves Home special
Amy Rachelle Duggar[98][99] Jim Bob's niece Appears in several episodes and is featured in A Duggar Leaves Home (where she goes on to pursue a career as a country music artist); in Tennessee[100] sang "Amazing Grace" in the closing credits of the episode of her grandfather's funeral; engaged to Dillon King; born (1986-09-30) September 30, 1986 (age 28)
Garrett Floyde Ruark Michelle's father 1924–2010 (aged 85); appeared in one episode[citation needed]
Priscilla Lynn Waller (née Keller) Anna's sister Stayed at the Duggar home in late 2010 to help care for the younger children; married to David Waller; they have a son, Paul, and a daughter, Davia[101][102]
Susanna Keller Anna's sister A bridesmaid in Anna's wedding and has made brief cameos on the show[citation needed]

Non-family

Bates family

The most often recurring guests (other than relatives) are the Bates family from Tennessee. Because they are so similar to the Duggars (having 19 kids of their own), they have become close friends. In 2012, there was a spin-off series featuring the Bates family, called United Bates of America. They returned to television with a new show on January 1, 2015 titled Bringing Up Bates.[citation needed]

Other notable guests

Availability

DVDs

Title Region 1 Discs
Season 1 2009[103] 2
Season 2 February 23, 2010[104] 3
Season 3 April 27, 2010[105] & March 13, 2012[106] 3
Season 4 April 5, 2011[107] & April 17, 2012[108] 4
Season 5 May 1, 2012 [109] 4

Online releases

Episodes of the series are available for download from the iTunes Store, Amazon Instant Video, and Microsoft's Zune Marketplace.

References

  1. ^ a b Duggar Family at Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
  2. ^ a b Brown, Laurel (15 April 2015). "'Dating with a purpose!': 19 Kids And Counting's Josiah Duggar and Marjorie Jackson explain their courtship in a perky video". Daily Mail. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Marcotte, Amanda (April 16, 2014), "Sex Scandal Rocks the Duggars' Christian Patriarchy Movement", The Daily Beast, retrieved September 3, 2014 
  4. ^ a b Blumberg, Antonia. "What You Need To Know About The 'Quiverfull' Movement". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Mesaros-Winkles, Christy Ellen (2010). "TLC and the Fundamentalist Family: A Televised Quiverful of Babies.". Journal of Religion and Popular Culture 22. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  6. ^ Pai, Tanya (27 May 2015). "The Josh Duggar sexual abuse scandal, explained". Vox. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Duggar Family Blog". Archived from the original on 28 May 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015. The Duggars write in their second book, A Love That Multiplies: "Even though Wikipedia and some Internet blogs report that we are part of a QuiverFull movement, we are not. We are simply Bible-believing Christians who desire to follow God's Word and apply it to our lives" (page 92) 
  8. ^ "’19 Kids & Counting’ Finale: Duggars Reveal Family Courtship Secrets". Hollywood Life. Retrieved May 27, 2015. 
  9. ^ "The Josh Duggar sexual abuse scandal, explained". VOX. 
  10. ^ "Cable Top 25". Zap2It.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
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  12. ^ "14 Children and Pregnant Again!". TLC. Archived from the original on July 25, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Couple welcomes 17th child – and wants more". MSNBC. Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007. The Duggars have been featured on several programs on cable television's Discovery Health Network. The next special, the Duggar Family Album, is scheduled to air next month, according to Jim Bob. 
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External links