1934 Open Championship

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1934 Open Championship
Tournament information
Dates27–29 June 1934
LocationSandwich, England
Course(s)Royal St George's Golf Club
Length6,776 yards (6,196 m)[1]
Field101 players, 69 after cut[2]
Prize fund£500
Winner's share£100
England Henry Cotton
← 1933
1935 →
Sandwich  is located in England
Location in England
Sandwich is located in Kent
Location in Kent. England

The 1934 Open Championship was the 69th Open Championship, held 27–29 June at Royal St George's Golf Club in Sandwich, England. Henry Cotton dominated the championship, leading wire-to-wire on his way to a five-stroke win and his first of three Open titles.[3][4][5]

Qualifying took place on 25–26 June, Monday and Tuesday, with 18 holes at St. George's and 18 holes at Royal Cinque Ports,[6] and the top 100 and ties qualified. George Gadd led the qualifiers on 140; Cotton scored a course record 66 in the first round at Royal St George's and 75 at Royal Cinque Ports to be a shot behind on 141. He was joined on 141 by Jimmy Adams and Percy Alliss. The qualifying score was 152 and 101 players advanced.[7][8]

Cotton opened with 67 on Wednesday to take a three-shot lead over Fred Taggart.[1][9][10] Cotton then shot an Open-record 65 in the second round to open up a nine-shot lead over Alf Padgham, while two strokes further back in third were Joe Kirkwood, Denny Shute, and Charles Whitcombe.[11][12][13] The top 60 and ties would make the cut and qualify for the final 36 holes; it was at 153 (and better) and 69 advanced.[14]

Conditions were tougher on Friday with a stiff breeze blowing. Cotton scored a third round of 72 in the morning and extended his lead to ten shots over Kirkwood.[5] Scottish amateur Jack McLean had seven threes in his outward nine of 31 and finished with a third round 69, the best third round score.[15] Despite his comfortable lead, Cotton suffered from nerves and began to feel the pressure in the final round that afternoon. He made the turn in 40, then dropped three shots on the next three holes. With Sid Brews scoring 71, Cotton needed a last round of 83 to win. Suddenly it appeared as if his victory was in jeopardy. He managed to get up-and-down on the 13th and steadied himself on his way to a 79 and 283, five strokes ahead of runner-up Brews.[5][15] His total tied the championship record set by Gene Sarazen two years earlier.

Cotton was the first resident Briton to win the Open Championship since Arthur Havers in 1923. The previous ten had been won by American-born players or residents (Englishman Jim Barnes (1925)). Cotton's win was part of a long period of sustained excellence in the tournament. From 1930 through 1952, he finished in the top-10 in all but one of the Opens he played in. In all, he played in twenty Opens between 1927 and 1958, winning three and finishing in the top-10 in seventeen.

Cotton received the Ryle Memorial Medal, awarded to members of the British P.G.A. winning the Open Championship. He was the first recipient since Arthur Havers in 1923. Living in Belgium, Cotton was not eligible for the Tooting Bec Cup awarded to the British P.G.A. member living in Great Britain scoring the lowest round in the Open Championship. It was won by Bill Davies for his second round of 68.[16]

Past champions in the field[edit]

Player Country Year won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total Finish
Denny Shute  United States 1933 71 72 80 78 301 20
Gene Sarazen  United States 1932 75 73 74 80 302 T21


All past champions in the field made the cut.

Did not advance past qualifying rounds (Monday & Tuesday):

Did not enter:

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Wednesday, 27 June 1934

Place Player Country Score
1 Henry Cotton  England 67
2 Fred Taggart  England 70
T3 Marcel Dallemagne  France 71
Cecil Denny  England
Bert Hodson  Wales
Bill Laidlaw  Scotland
Alf Padgham  England
Denny Shute  United States
Charles Whitcombe  England
T10 Gordon Good  Scotland 72
Paddy Mahon  Ireland
Bill Twine  England
Frank Weston  England
Ernest Whitcombe  England


Second round[edit]

Thursday, 28 June 1934

Place Player Country Score
1 Henry Cotton  England 67-65=132
2 Alf Padgham  England 71-70=141
T3 Joe Kirkwood Sr.  Australia 74-69=143
Denny Shute  United States 71-72=143
Charles Whitcombe  England 71-72=143
T6 Marcel Dallemagne  France 71-73=144
Bill Davies  England 76-68=144
Willie Nolan  Ireland 73-71=144
T9 Cecil Denny  England 71-74=145
Bert Hodson  Wales 71-74=145


Third round[edit]

Friday, 29 June 1934 (morning)

Place Player Country Score
1 Henry Cotton  England 67-65-72=204
2 Joe Kirkwood Sr.  Australia 74-69-71=214
3 Marcel Dallemagne  France 71-73-71=215
4 Alf Padgham  England 71-70-75=216
T5 Sid Brews  South Africa 76-71-70=217
Bill Davies  England 76-68-73=217
Charles Whitcombe  England 71-72-74=217
T8 Percy Alliss  England 73-75-71=219
Bert Hodson  Wales 71-74-74=219
Willie Nolan  Ireland 73-71-75=219
Charlie Ward  England 76-71-72=219


Final round[edit]

Friday, 29 June 1934 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score Money (£)
1 Henry Cotton  England 67-65-72-79=283 100
2 Sid Brews  South Africa 76-71-70-71=288 75
3 Alf Padgham  England 71-70-75-74=290 50
T4 Marcel Dallemagne  France 71-73-71-77=292 25
Joe Kirkwood Sr.  Australia 74-69-71-78=292
Macdonald Smith  Scotland
 United States
T7 Bert Hodson  Wales 71-74-74-76=295 17
Charles Whitcombe  England 71-72-74-78=295
T9 Percy Alliss  England 73-75-71-77=296 12
Ernest Whitcombe  England 72-77-73-74=296


Amateurs: McLean (300), Thompson (307), Flaherty (308), Hartley (308),
                 Garnett (311), Storey (311), Ricardo (313).


  1. ^ a b c "Cotton "Open" golf lead". Glasgow Herald. 28 June 1934. p. 11.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 101. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  3. ^ "Cotton falters but wins British Open". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. p. 15.
  4. ^ "Cotton wins British Open by 5 strokes". Chicago Daily Tribune. (New York Times). 30 June 1934. p. 15.
  5. ^ a b c "After eleven years". Glasgow Herald. 30 June 1934. p. 11.
  6. ^ "British Open golf championship". Glasgow Herald. 25 June 1934. p. 20.
  7. ^ a b c "Open golf title". Glasgow Herald. 27 June 1934. p. 13.
  8. ^ "Golf - Open Championship - The qualifying rounds". The Times. 27 June 1934. p. 6.
  9. ^ "Golf - Open Championship begun - Cotton's lead of three strokes". The Times. 28 June 1934. p. 6.
  10. ^ a b "Score of 67 give Cotton British lead". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. 28 June 1934. p. 15.
  11. ^ a b "Cotton's astonishing golf". Glasgow Herald. 29 June 1934. p. 11.
  12. ^ "Golf - Cotton's lead at Sandwich - An aggregate of 132 for two rounds". The Times. 29 June 1934. p. 6.
  13. ^ a b "Cotton increases British Open lead". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Universal Service special cable. 29 June 1934. p. 19.
  14. ^ "Cotton shoots 65' leads British Open with 132". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. 29 June 1934. p. 31.
  15. ^ a b "Golf - Cotton's victory at Sandwich - British golfers lead the field". The Times. 30 June 1934. p. 6.
  16. ^ "Golf - Awards for Cotton and Davies". The Times. 2 August 1934. p. 4.
  17. ^ a b c "Full scores and aggregates". Glasgow Herald. 30 June 1934. p. 12.
  18. ^ a b "Non-qualifiers". Glasgow Herald. 27 June 1934. p. 7.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°16′26″N 1°22′01″E / 51.274°N 1.367°E / 51.274; 1.367