1954 Open Championship

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1954 Open Championship
Tournament information
Dates7–9 July 1954
LocationSouthport, England
Course(s)Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Length6,837 yards (6,252 m)[1]
Field97 players, 50 after cut[2]
Cut151 (+5)
Prize fund£3,500
Winner's share£750
Australia Peter Thomson
283 (−9)
← 1953
1955 →
Southport is located in England
Location in England
Royal Birkdale Golf Club is located in Merseyside
Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Location in Southport, Merseyside,
north of Liverpool, England

The 1954 Open Championship was the 90th Open Championship, played 7–9 July at Royal Birkdale Golf Club in Southport, England. Peter Thomson, age 23, won the first of his five Open titles by one stroke over runners-up Bobby Locke, Dai Rees, and Syd Scott.[1][2][3] This was the first time the championship was held at Royal Birkdale.[4]

The total prize money was increased forty percent, from £2,500 to £3,500. The winner received £750 with £500 for second, £350 for third, £200 for fourth, £150 for fifth, £100 for sixth, £75 for seventh and eighth, £50 for ninth and tenth, £30 for next 15 places and then £25 each for the next 25 players.[2] The £3,500 was completed with a £25 prize for winning the qualification event and four £25 prizes for the lowest score in each round.[5]

Qualifying took place on 5–6 July, Monday and Tuesday, with 18 holes on the Championship course and 18 holes at Hillside Golf Club.[4][6][7] The number of qualifiers was limited to a maximum of 100, and ties for 100th place would not qualify. On Monday, John McGonigle set a new course record of 65 on the Hillside course.[6] Norman Von Nida led the qualifiers on 137, four ahead of the rest.[7] and McGonigle shot 80 at Royal Birkdale for 145;[8] the qualifying score was 151 and 97 players advanced.[7] After a long voyage from America, Toney Penna and Jim Turnesa were amongst the group of sixteen on 151 who narrowly qualified.[7][8][9]

Sam King and Bill Spence established a new course record at 69 in the opening round on Wednesday.[10][11] It lasted just one day as Syd Scott bettered it in on Thursday with a 67, but Spence retained the lead after 36 holes at 141, one ahead of Antonio Cerdá, with Scott, Dai Rees, Thomson, and King one stroke back in a tie for third.[12][13] A maximum of 50 players could make the cut after 36 holes, but ties for 50th place were not included. It was at 151 (+5) and fifty players advanced to the final two rounds.[12][13]

Scott continued his hot play in the third round, scoring a 69. Thomson and Rees also carded 69 and joined him at the top of the leaderboard going into the final round. Scott shot a 72 over the last 18-holes, posting a clubhouse lead of 284. Rees also posted 284 after missing a putt at the 18th. Thomson missed a short putt at the 12th, but managed to get up-and-down from a bunker at 16. He went to the 17th needing a par and a bogey on his last two holes to become the new clubhouse leader. He got the par, but at 18 he found trouble in a bunker. He again managed a superb recovery, and while he missed his first putt he easily tapped in for a round of 71 and a 283 total.[14] Bobby Locke had a chance to tie Thomson with a 3 at the last, but his birdie putt came up just short making Thomson the winner of the championship.[1][3]

This win was the first in a run of three consecutive Open Championship titles by Thomson, becoming the first player since Bob Ferguson from 1880-82 to win three straight Opens. Altogether he would win three of the next four Opens and add another win in 1965, which was also held at Royal Birkdale. Thomson was the first Australian to win the Open Championship, and the youngest champion since Bobby Jones.

Three-time Masters champion Jimmy Demaret made his only Open Championship appearance this year and tied for tenth place. Defending champion Ben Hogan did not compete; his victory in 1953 at Carnoustie was his only Open Championship.

Past champions in the field[edit]

Made the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Bobby Locke  South Africa 1949, 1950, 1952 74 71 69 70 284 −8 T2
Gene Sarazen  United States 1932 75 74 73 70 292 E T17
Max Faulkner  England 1951 73 78 69 73 293 +1 T20
Fred Daly  Northern Ireland 1947 74 72 74 77 297 +5 T35


Missed the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 Total To par
Alf Padgham  England 1936 75 77 152 +6
Henry Cotton  England 1934, 1937, 1948 77 76 153 +7


Did not advance past qualifying rounds (Monday & Tuesday):

Did not enter:

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Wednesday, 7 July 1954

Place Player Country Score To par
T1 Sam King  England 69 −4
Bill Spence  England
3 Norman Sutton  England 70 −3
T4 Antonio Cerdá  Argentina 71 −2
George Howard  England
John Jacobs  England
T7 Jean-Baptiste Ado  France 72 −1
Peter Alliss  England
Harry Bradshaw  Ireland
Fred Bullock  England
Ugo Grappasonni  Italy
Robert Halsall  England
Eric Lester  England
Dai Rees  Wales
Bill Shankland  Australia
Peter Thomson  Australia
Peter Toogood (a)  Australia
Jim Turnesa  United States


Second round[edit]

Thursday, 8 July 1954

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Bill Spence  England 69-72=141 −5
2 Antonio Cerdá  Argentina 71-71=142 −4
T3 Sam King  Argentina 69-74=143 −3
Dai Rees  Wales 72-71=143
Peter Thomson  Australia 72-71=143
Syd Scott  England 76-67=143
T7 Harry Bradshaw  Ireland 72-72=144 −2
Jimmy Demaret  United States 73-71=144
John Jacobs  Wales 71-73=144
Bill Shankland  Australia 72-72=144
Jim Turnesa  England 72-72=144


Amateurs: Toogood (+1), Stranahan (+2), Stockdale (+6), Timms (+6),
Bachli (+7), Brews (+8), Coogan (+8), Shephard (+8), Wroe (+10),
Wolstenholme (+11), Heard (+12), Stevens (+19).

Third round[edit]

Friday, 9 July 1954 (morning)

Place Player Country Score To par
T1 Dai Rees  Wales 72-71-69=212 −7
Syd Scott  England 76-67-69=212
Peter Thomson  Australia 72-71-69=212
4 Bobby Locke  South Africa 74-71-69=214 −5
T5 Antonio Cerdá  Argentina 71-71-73=215 −4
Bill Spence  England 69-72-74=215
Jim Turnesa  United States 72-72-71=215
T8 Jimmy Adams  Scotland 73-75-69=217 −2
Peter Alliss  England 72-74-71=217
Harry Bradshaw  Ireland 72-72-73=217
Sam King  England 69-74-74=217


Final round[edit]

Friday, 9 July 1954 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score To Par Money (£)
1 Peter Thomson  Australia 72-71-69-71=283 −9 750
T2 Bobby Locke  South Africa 74-71-69-70=284 −8 350
Dai Rees  Wales 72-71-69-72=284
Syd Scott  England 76-67-69-72=284
T5 Jimmy Adams  Scotland 73-75-69-69=286 −6 108
Antonio Cerdá  Argentina 71-71-73-71=286
Jim Turnesa  United States 72-72-71-71=286
T8 Peter Alliss  England 72-74-71-70=287 −5 62
Sam King  England 69-74-74-70=287
T10 Jimmy Demaret  United States 73-71-74-71=289 −3 40
Flory Van Donck  Belgium 77-71-70-71=289

Amateurs: Toogood (−1), Stranahan (+3).


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Peter Thomson wins British Open with 283". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. 10 July 1954. p. 11.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Media Guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 82. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e "P.W. Thomson wins the "Open"". Glasgow Herald. 10 July 1954. p. 5.
  4. ^ a b "Condition of course in Locke's favor". Glasgow Herald. 5 July 1954. p. 4.
  5. ^ "Open prize money again increased - Incentive to Americans". The Times. 18 December 1953. p. 11.
  6. ^ a b "Irishman's record round at Hillside". Glasgow Herald. 6 July 1954. p. 4.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "E.C. Brown fails to qualify in Open". Glasgow Herald. 7 July 1954. p. 4.
  8. ^ a b c "Von Nida's 137 takes medal in British Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. 7 July 1954. p. 2, sec. 3.
  9. ^ "Harman lowers course record in qualifying round - Open golf survivors get down to real business to-day". The Times. 7 July 1953. p. 11.
  10. ^ a b "Middle-aged players lead Open title play". Glasgow Herald. 8 July 1954. p. 9.
  11. ^ a b "2 Britons 69s lead; Sarazen gets 75 in Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. 8 July 1954. p. 2, sec. 6.
  12. ^ a b c "Five strokes cover first twenty at Birkdale". Glasgow Herald. 9 July 1954. p. 4.
  13. ^ a b c "Two U.S. pros 3 shots behind British leader". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. 9 July 1954. p. 3, sec. 4.
  14. ^ Thomson, Peter (12 July 1954). "Three Opens his new ambition". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 9. Retrieved 5 April 2013.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
1954 U.S. Open
Major Championships Succeeded by
1954 PGA Championship

Coordinates: 53°37′19″N 3°01′59″W / 53.622°N 3.033°W / 53.622; -3.033