1937 Open Championship

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1937 Open Championship
Tournament information
Dates 7–9 July 1937
Location Carnoustie, Scotland
Course(s) Carnoustie Golf Links
Medal Course[1]
Statistics
Par 72
Length 7,200 yards (6,584 m)[1]
Field 141 players, 47 after cut[2]
Cut 153 (+9)
Prize fund £500
Winner's share £100
Champion
England Henry Cotton
290 (+2)
← 1936
1938 →
Carnoustie is located in Scotland
Carnoustie
Carnoustie
Location in Scotland
Carnoustie is located in Angus
Carnoustie
Carnoustie
Location in Angus, Scotland

The 1937 Open Championship was the 72nd Open Championship, held 7–9 July at Carnoustie Golf Links in Carnoustie, Scotland. Henry Cotton won the second of his three Open titles, two strokes ahead of runner-up Reg Whitcombe.[3][4] The Ryder Cup was held in late June at Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club in North West England,[5][6][7] and all the members of the victorious American team played in the championship, creating a star-studded field, similar to four years earlier in 1933.

Qualifying took place on 5–6 July, Monday and Tuesday, with 18 holes on the Medal Course (the championship course) and 18 holes on the Burnside Course.[8][9] The number of qualifiers was increased to the top 140 and ties, having previously been the top 100 and ties. Two-time Masters champion Horton Smith led the qualifiers on 138;[10] the qualifying score was 157 and 141 players advanced, and all the American Ryder Cup players qualified comfortably.[11][12]

In the opening round on Wednesday, Ed Dudley took the lead with a 70.[13] Reg Whitcombe led after the first two rounds at two-under 142,[14] with his brother Charles and Dudley two behind on 144, and Cotton was tied for fourth at 146.[15] Only the leading forty players and ties made the 36-hole cut,[16] which was at 153 (+9) and 47 advanced. Previously the top sixty and ties made the cut.[17]

The final two rounds on Friday were played in a steady, cold rain.[3] Whitcombe maintained his lead with a third-round 74, two shots ahead of his brother, while Cotton moved up to three behind. The weather proved to be Whitcombe's downfall in the final round; on the 7th tee, his club slipped out of his hands as he was swinging and the ball traveled only 40 yards (37 m). He ended up taking a six and finished with a 76 and 292 total. Cotton did not seem affected by the conditions and arrived at the 18th needing only a six to lead. His approach shot found a greenside bunker, but he was able to get down in five to post a 290 total. Only Charles Whitcombe could catch Cotton, but his 76 and 294 finished four strokes behind in fourth place.[3]

The American contingent included Byron Nelson and Sam Snead, both of whom were making their Open Championship debuts. Nelson finished fifth but played the Open just once more, returning in 1955. Snead tied for eleventh and played in four more, winning his next in 1946 at St. Andrews. The non-playing captain of the U.S. Ryder Cup team, four-time Open champion Walter Hagen, tied for 26th place in his final Open appearance at age 44.

In his last Open Championship as an amateur, nineteen-year-old Bobby Locke was the only amateur to make the cut and tied for seventeenth. As a professional, he won four times (1949, 1950, 1952, 1957).

Course[edit]

Medal (Championship) Course

Hole Name Yards Par Hole Name Yards Par
1 Cup 401 4 10 South America 453 4
2 Gulley 442 4 11 Dyke 368 4
3 Jockie's Burn 346 4 12 Southward Ho 467 4
4 Hillocks 430 4 13 Whins 168 3
5 Brae 388 4 14 Spectacles 473 5
6 Long ^ 567 5 15 Lucky Slap 457 4
7 Plantation 389 4 16 Barry Burn 250 3
8 Short 161 3 17 Island 454 4
9 Railway 483 4 18 Home 503 5
Out 3,607 36 In 3,593 36
Source:[1] Total 7,200 72

^ The 6th hole was renamed Hogan's Alley in 2003

Past champions in the field[edit]

Made the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Henry Cotton  England 1934 74 72 73 71 290 +2 1
Alf Padgham  England 1936 72 74 76 76 298 +10 T7
Denny Shute  United States 1933 73 73 76 80 302 +14 14
Arthur Havers  England 1923 77 75 76 76 308 +20 T17
Walter Hagen  United States 1922, 1924,
1928, 1929
76 72 80 81 309 +21 T26

Source:[2][3][4]

Missed the cut[edit]

Player Country Year won R1 R2 Total To par
Gene Sarazen  United States 1932 81 76 157 +13
Alf Perry  England 1935 83 76 159 +15
George Duncan  Scotland 1920 90 76 166 +22
Ted Ray  Jersey 1912 87 88 175 +31

Source:[2][15][16]

Did not advance past qualifying rounds (Monday & Tuesday):

Did not enter:

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Wednesday, 7 July 1937

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Ed Dudley  United States 70 −2
T2 Bill Branch  England 72 E
Willie McMinn  Scotland
Alf Padgham  England
Reg Whitcombe  England
T6 Douglas Cairncross  Scotland 73 +1
Fred Robertson  Scotland
Denny Shute  United States
Jack Taylor  England
Charles Whitcombe  England

Source:[13]

Second round[edit]

Thursday, 8 July 1937

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Reg Whitcombe  England 72-70=142 −2
T2 Ed Dudley  United States 70-74=144 E
Charles Whitcombe  England 73-71=144
T4 Henry Cotton  England 74-72=146 +2
Alf Padgham  England 72-74=146
Denny Shute  United States 73-73=146
7 Bill Branch  England 72-75=147 +3
T8 Walter Hagen  United States 76-72=148 +4
Arthur Lacey  England 75-73=148
Bobby Locke (a)  South Africa 74-74=148
Dai Rees  Wales 75-73=148
Fred Robertson  Scotland 73-75=148
Horton Smith  United States 77-71=148

Source:[15][16]

Third round[edit]

Friday, 9 July 1937 (morning)

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Reg Whitcombe  England 72-70-74=216 E
2 Charles Whitcombe  England 73-71-74=218 +2
3 Henry Cotton  England 74-72-73=219 +3
4 Bill Branch  England 72-75-73=220 +4
5 Charles Lacey  United States 76-75-70=221 +5
T6 Ed Dudley  United States 70-74-78=222 +6
Bill Laidlaw  Scotland 77-72-73=222
Byron Nelson  United States 75-76-71=222
Alf Padgham  England 72-74-76=222
Denny Shute  United States 73-73-76=222

Source:[2][3][4]

Final round[edit]

Friday, 9 July 1937 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score To par Money (£)
1 Henry Cotton  England 74-72-73-71=290 +2 100
2 Reg Whitcombe  England 72-70-74-76=292 +4 75
3 Charles Lacey  United States 76-75-70-72=293 +5 50
4 Charles Whitcombe  England 73-71-74-76=294 +6 30
5 Byron Nelson  United States 75-76-71-74=296 +8 25
6 Ed Dudley  United States 70-74-78-75=297 +9 20
T7 Arthur Lacey  England 75-73-75-75=298 +10 16
Bill Laidlaw  Scotland 77-72-73-76=298
Alf Padgham  England 72-74-76-76=298
10 Horton Smith  United States 77-71-79-72=299 +11 10

Source:[2][3][4]
Amateur: Locke (+16)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Carnoustie cards". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 5 July 1937. p. 19. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 96. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Cotton's brilliant victory". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 10 July 1937. p. 6. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Cotton wins Open in violent storm with total of 290". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 10 July 1937. p. 15. 
  5. ^ "Yankees win Ryder Cup from Britons". Pittsburgh Press. United Press. 30 June 1937. p. 30. 
  6. ^ "U.S. golfers down British, 8-4, to win Ryder Cup tourney". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 1 July 1937. p. 12. 
  7. ^ "First victory on British soil". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 1 July 1937. p. 11. 
  8. ^ "To-day's notable pairings". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 5 July 1937. p. 19. 
  9. ^ "First day of Open Championship". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 6 July 1937. p. 2. 
  10. ^ "H. Smith leader in British Open". Pittsburgh Press. United Press. 6 July 1937. p. 29. 
  11. ^ a b c "Americans dominate Open qualifying golf". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 7 July 1937. p. 23. 
  12. ^ "Golf - Open Championship". The Times. London. 7 July 1937. p. 7. 
  13. ^ a b "Carnoustie scene changes". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 8 July 1937. p. 3. 
  14. ^ "Golf - Open Championship". The Times. London. 9 July 1937. p. 7. 
  15. ^ a b c "British Open lead goes to home-bred with score of 142". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 9 July 1937. p. 15. 
  16. ^ a b c "Britain takes the lead". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). 9 July 1937. p. 5. 
  17. ^ "Golf - The Championships". The Times. 3 February 1937. p. 6. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
1937 U.S. Open
Major Championships Succeeded by
1938 Masters Tournament

Coordinates: 56°29′49″N 2°43′01″W / 56.497°N 2.717°W / 56.497; -2.717