1938 in sports
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|Years in sports:||1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s|
|Years:||1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941|
1938 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 8th FIS Alpine World Ski Championships are held at Engelberg, Switzerland. The events are a downhill, a slalom and a combined race in both the men's and women's categories. The winners are:
- Men's Downhill – James Couttet (France)
- Men's Slalom – Rudolf Rominger (Switzerland)
- Men's Combined – Emile Allais (France)
- Women's Downhill – Lisa Resch (Germany)
- Women's Slalom – Christl Cranz (Germany)
- Women's Combined – Christl Cranz (Germany)
- First Division – Arsenal win the 1937–38 title
- FA Cup – Preston North End beat Huddersfield Town 1-0
- March 3 – Glenn Cunningham breaks the world record for the indoor mile run by completing the distance in 4 minutes, 4.4 seconds.
- September 4 – European Championships Marathon at Paris is won by Väinö Muinonen (Finland) in a time of 2:37:29
- The Victorian Football Association legalized throwing the ball in general play, establishing its own code of Australian rules football which was distinct from the national code administered by the Australian National Football Council. It was the beginning of a decade-long schism which ran from 1938 until 1949.
- Victorian Football League
- South Australian National Football League
- Western Australian National Football League
- World Series – New York Yankees defeat the Chicago Cubs, 4–0.
- Hall of Fame election – Continuing toward the goal of 10 initial inductees at the 1939 opening of the Hall, voters select Grover Cleveland Alexander. A special committee selects organizer Alexander Cartwright and promoter Henry Chadwick; selections of 19th century players are again postponed.
- Starting pitcher Johnny Vander Meer (Cincinnati Reds) throws back–to–back no-hitters, meaning they came in two consecutive starts, something not accomplished before or since.
- March 1 – Nankai Hawks, officially founded in Japanese Baseball League, as predecessor of Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks.
- American boxer Henry Armstrong simultaneously holds the welterweight, lightweight, and featherweight world titles.
Lineal world champions
- World Heavyweight Championship – Joe Louis
- World Light Heavyweight Championship – John Henry Lewis
- World Middleweight Championship – vacant
- World Welterweight Championship – Barney Ross → Henry Armstrong
- World Lightweight Championship – Lou Ambers → Henry Armstrong
- World Featherweight Championship – Henry Armstrong → vacant
- World Bantamweight Championship – Harry Jeffra → Sixto Escobar
- World Flyweight Championship – Benny Lynch → vacant → Peter Kane
- February – British Empire Games held in Sydney
- 24 August – England defeat Australia by an innings and 579 runs, the biggest winning margin in Test cricket history.
- County Championship – won by Yorkshire
- Minor Counties Championship – won by Buckinghamshire
- Most runs – Wally Hammond 3,011 @ 75.27 (HS 271)
- Most wickets – Arthur Wellard 172 @ 20.29 (BB 7–59)
- England and Australia tie one Test each with two draws
- Wisden Cricketers of the Year – Hugh Bartlett, Bill Brown, Denis Compton, Kenneth Farnes, Arthur Wood
- Sheffield Shield won by New South Wales
- Most runs – Don Bradman 1,437 @ 89.81 (HS 246)
- Most wickets
- Inter-Colonial Tournament – won by British Guiana
- Gino Bartali wins the 32nd Tour de France
- Giovanni Valetti of Fréjus wins the 26th Giro d'Italia
- World Figure Skating Championships –
- Masters Tournament – Henry Picard
- U.S. Open – Ralph Guldahl
- British Open – Reg Whitcombe
- PGA Championship – Paul Runyan
- In what is billed as the “Match of the Century”, Seabiscuit defeats the US Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing champion, War Admiral.
- Australia – Melbourne Cup won by Catalogue
- Canada – Queen's Plate won by Bunty Lawless
- France – Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe won by Eclair au Chocolat
- Ireland – Irish Derby Stakes won by Rosewell
- English Triple Crown Races:
- United States Triple Crown Races:
- Chicago Blackhawks defeat the Toronto Maple Leafs three games to one in the Stanley Cup final series.
FIS Nordic World Ski Championships
The Boat Race
- 1938 European Rugby League Championship / 1938–39 European Rugby League Championship
- 1938 New Zealand rugby league season
- 1938 NSWRFL season
- 1937–38 Northern Rugby Football League season / 1938–39 Northern Rugby Football League season
- The Cannon Mountain Aerial Tramway, the first aerial tramway in the United States, opens at Cannon Mountain Ski Area.
Speed Skating World Championships
- Men's All-round Champion – Ivar Ballangrud (Norway)
- Women's All-round Champion – Laila Schou Nilsen (Norway)
- Australian Men's Singles Championship – Don Budge (USA) defeats John Bromwich (Australia) 6–4, 6–2, 6–1
- Australian Women's Singles Championship – Dorothy Cheney (USA) defeats Dorothy Stevenson (Australia) 6–3, 6–2
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – Don Budge (USA) defeats Bunny Austin (Great Britain) 6–1, 6–0, 6–3
- Wimbledon Women's Singles Championship – Helen Wills Moody (USA) defeats Helen Jacobs (USA) 6–4, 6–0
- French Men's Singles Championship – Don Budge (USA) defeats Roderich Menzel (Czechoslovakia) 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
- French Women's Singles Championship – Simonne Mathieu (France) defeats Nelly Adamson Landry (France) 6–0, 6–3
- American Men's Singles Championship – Don Budge (USA) defeats Gene Mako (USA) 6–3, 6–8, 6–2, 6–1
- American Women's Singles Championship – Alice Marble (USA) defeats Nancye Wynne Bolton (Australia) 6–0, 6–3
- Don Budge becomes the first male tennis player to complete the Grand Slam in tennis of all 4 Championships.
- 1938 International Lawn Tennis Challenge – United States 3–2 Australia at Germantown Cricket Club (grass) Philadelphia, United States
- Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year – Don Budge, Tennis
- Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year – Patty Berg, LPGA golf