1972 Moroccan coup attempt

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Hassan II, pictured in 1981

The 1972 Moroccan coup attempt was an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate King Hassan II of Morocco on 16 August 1972. The attempted coup d'état occurred in Morocco when a rebel faction within the Moroccan military attempted to shoot down an aircraft carrying the Moroccan king, Hassan II. The attempt was orchestrated by General Mohamed Oufkir, a close advisor to King Hassan. He was assisted by Mohamed Amekrane, commander of the Moroccan air force base at Kenitra.[1] On August 16, four Northrop F-5 jets, acting on Oufkir's orders, intercepted Hassan's Boeing 727 as it returned from France.[2] Reportedly, King Hassan (himself a pilot), grabbed the radio and told the rebel pilots, "Stop firing! The tyrant is dead!" Fooled, the rebel pilots broke off their attack.[3]

Hassan's plane, which had been strafed by air force jets, killing eight and injuring 40,[4] landed safely at Rabat's airport.

Background[edit]

The coup occurred a year after another attempted military coup against Hassan II's regime. 250 rebels based in the Ahermoumou cadet training school attacked the king's palace on his 42nd birthday, killing 91 people and injuring 133.[5] Oukfir had gained power after the coup in 1971, moving from the Minister of Interior to Defence. Many had believed he planned the first coup to facilitate this rise.[6]

Attack[edit]

A Moroccan Boeing 727, similar to that involved in the coup

On 16 August 1972, as Hassan was returning to Morocco from a personal visit to France, four air force pilots, flying Northrop F-5 fighter jets, attacked the Boeing 727.[2] The planes shot holes through the fuselage, killing some passengers. One plane broke off, strafing a nearby airfield and killing many on the ground.[7]

Allegedly, the rebel pilots broke off their attack on the king's aircraft after the king himself grabbed the radio and told the rebel pilots, "Stop firing! The tyrant is dead!" Believing their mission to have been accomplished, the rebel pilots broke off their attack.[8]

Eight passengers on the royal jet were killed and 40 injured, however the jet was able to land safely at Rabat airport.[9]

Aftermath[edit]

Kenitra Air Base, where most of the rebellious air force officers were based, was surrounded and hundreds arrested.[7] Oufkir was found dead of multiple gunshot wounds later on 16 August, ostensibly from suicide.[10][11] Many of his relatives were imprisoned, not being released until 1991, speculated to be because of international criticism for possible human rights abuses.[12] General Amekrane fled to Gibraltar after the coup's failure, he failed to receive asylum and was extradited back to Morocco where he was killed by firing squad.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miller, Susan Gilson (2013-04-15). A History of Modern Morocco. Cambridge University Press. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-521-81070-8. Retrieved 2013-05-09. 
  2. ^ a b The Air Force role in low-intensity conflict. DIANE Publishing. p. 56. ISBN 1428928278. 
  3. ^ Gregory, Joseph R. (July 24, 1999). "Hassan II of Morocco Dies at 70; A Monarch Oriented to the West". New York Times. 
  4. ^ Morocco: the Islamist awakening and other challenges. Marvine Howe, p. 111
  5. ^ "1971: Death for Moroccan rebel leaders". BBC. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  6. ^ Johnson, Peter. "General Oufkir's last interview". The Spectator. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Loyal Troops Seize Airfield". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. 17 August 1972. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  8. ^ Gregory, Joseph R. (July 24, 1999). "Hassan II of Morocco Dies at 70; A Monarch Oriented to the West". New York Times. 
  9. ^ Morocco: the Islamist awakening and other challenges. Marvine Howe, p. 111
  10. ^ Hughes, Stephen O. (2006). Morocco Under King Hassan. Ithaca Press. ISBN 0863723128. 
  11. ^ "Interview with Malika Oufkir". Foreign Correspondent. 7 November 2001. 
  12. ^ "Morocco Frees Coup Leader's Relatives After 18 Years in Jail". LA Times. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  13. ^ European Convention on Human Rights Year: 1973. 1975. p. 366. ISBN 9024717841. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 

External links[edit]