1988 Canadian Grand Prix
|Race 5 of 16 in the 1988 FIA Formula One World Championship|
|Date||12 June 1988|
|Official name||Molson Grand Prix du Canada|
|Location||Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Course||Temporary street circuit|
|Course length||4.390 km (2.728 mi)|
|Distance||69 laps, 302.910 km (188.220 mi)|
|Weather||Sunny and hot with temperatures up to 29 °C (84 °F); wind speeds up to 19 kilometres per hour (12 mph)|
|Time||1:24.973 on lap 53|
The 1988 Canadian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 12 June 1988 at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal. The race, contested over 69 laps, was the fifth race of the 1988 Formula One season and was won by Ayrton Senna, driving a McLaren-Honda, with team-mate Alain Prost second and Thierry Boutsen third in a Benetton-Ford.
The Canadian Grand Prix returned to the Formula One calendar after a year's absence. In the meantime, major changes had been made to the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve: the start-finish line, pit lane and facilities had been moved from the top end of the track to the bottom end, necessitating the removal of two turns, while other turns had been re-profiled slightly.
The McLarens once again dominated qualifying, with Ayrton Senna taking his fifth consecutive pole position by just under 0.2 seconds from Alain Prost. The Ferraris of Gerhard Berger and Michele Alboreto filled the second row, while the Benetton of Alessandro Nannini was the fastest of the naturally-aspirated cars in fifth, just under 2.3 seconds behind Senna. Nelson Piquet was sixth in his Lotus, followed by Thierry Boutsen in the second Benetton, Eddie Cheever in the Arrows and Nigel Mansell in the Williams, while Philippe Streiff put in a strong performance to take tenth, which would turn out to be the best-ever grid position for the AGS team. Also achieving its best-ever grid placing was EuroBrun, as Stefano Modena took 15th.
The Saturday session saw Derek Warwick suffer a big accident in his Arrows. Turning into the chicane into the new start-finish straight, Warwick slid on dirt kicked up moments before by Streiff's AGS. The Arrows spun onto the inside kerb and became airborne, then bounced several times before hitting what is now known as the "Wall of Champions" at unabated speed. Warwick was briefly knocked unconscious and hurt his back; he received aid from fellow Briton Mansell, who had suffered a similar crash at Suzuka the previous year. However, Warwick was declared fit to race and took up his 16th position on the grid.
During qualifying, Williams team owner Frank Williams announced that he had concluded a deal with Renault that would see the team have exclusive use of the French company's V10 engines from the 1989 season onwards. Williams said that "for better or worse you need an association with a major manufacturer to be successful in Formula One".
The Circuit Gilles Villeneuve was notoriously heavy on fuel for the turbos, so Honda engineers decided to set the pop-off valve at 2.3 Bar for the race to lessen the possibility of running out of fuel. While this gave both McLaren and Lotus approximately 40 bhp (30 kW; 41 PS) less than they could use in qualifying, it was expected that the power of the Honda would enable McLaren to once again run comfortably in front of their rivals. Despite this, Benetton, the leading naturally-aspirated team, were reasonably confident about the race and the B188s of Nannini and Boutsen allegedly went to the grid with 215 litres of fuel on board, the theory being that when the cars' fuel load lightened, they could continue pushing (depending on their tyre wear) while the turbo cars slowed in order to finish before running dry.
Prost led from the start, away from Senna, the Ferraris and the Benettons, although after ten laps Berger began having issues with the fuel system of his Ferrari. On lap 19, Senna passed Prost at the L'Epingle hairpin as they came up to traffic, the Brazilian driver thus taking a lead he would not lose. Nannini retired from fourth position on lap 15 with electrical trouble, while Berger retired with similar problems on lap 23. Meanwhile, Mansell relished passing his old rival Piquet in the Lotus-Honda, before his Judd engine failed on lap 29; team-mate Riccardo Patrese suffered the same fate four laps later.
On lap 34, Michele Alboreto retired, his Ferrari experiencing a similar engine problem as Berger allowing Thierry Boutsen to take the third place, which he maintained until the finish of the race, though he made no impression on the leading McLarens. With many of the front runners out, minor teams had a clear chance of scoring points. By the middle of the race Philippe Streiff brought his AGS up to the fifth place, ahead of Andrea de Cesaris' Rial in sixth. Their luck didn't last though: Streiff retired after rear suspension failure caused a spin on lap 41, while de Cesaris, with a car that was widely known to have too small a fuel tank, ran out of fuel with 3 laps to go. This allowed Ivan Capelli to put in the most surprising performance of the day, taking his March-Judd to the fifth place.
Senna won, 5.9 seconds ahead of Prost with Boutsen 45.5 seconds behind Prost in third. Piquet was fourth in the Lotus, albeit a lap down on Senna, with Capelli finishing fifth in the March. The final point surprisingly went to Jonathan Palmer in the troublesome Tyrrell 017. The injured Derek Warwick put in the drive of the race in his Arrows-Megatron to finish just outside the points in seventh after a half-race long duel with team mate Eddie Cheever that ended when Cheever retired with a broken throttle cable on lap 31. Warwick also had to endure the turbo pop-off valve cutting in early leaving him with less than desirable power from his turbo engine and an increasingly sore back from his accident the previous day.
Senna set the circuit lap record with a 1:24.973 on lap 53 of the 69 lap race. This compared to Nelson Piquet's previous lap record set in 1986 of 1:25.443 set in a Williams-Honda when the turbo cars had approximately 400 bhp (298 kW; 406 PS) more than 1988. However, the changes to the circuit between the 1986 and 1988 races had eliminated what were the turn 5 and 6 curves which were replaced by making the new pit straight longer, leaving only a left hand turn leading into the now turn 2 Epingle de L'ile hairpin.
Boutsen's third place was the first time since the 1983 Dutch Grand Prix that a naturally aspirated powered car legally finished on a Formula One podium.
|12||22||Andrea de Cesaris||Rial-Ford||1:26.039||1:24.988||+3.307|
|26||31||Gabriele Tarquini||Coloni-Ford||no time||1:27.655||+5.974|
|DNQ||29||Yannick Dalmas||Lola-Ford||no time||1:28.012||+6.331|
Championship standings after the race
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.
- "Weather information for the "1988 Canadian Grand Prix"". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved 2014-09-07.
- "1988 Canadian Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
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1989 Canadian Grand Prix