1 John 2

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1 John 2
End of 2 Peter and Beginning of 1 John in Alexandrinus.JPG
The end part of the Second Epistle of Peter (3:16–18) and the beginning of the First Epistle of John (1:1-2:9) on the same page of Codex Alexandrinus (AD 400–440).
BookFirst Epistle of John
CategoryGeneral epistles
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part23

1 John 2 is the second chapter of the First Epistle of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The epistle is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle from early date, although there remains an open question about the authorship.[1][2][3]


The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 29 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

The propitiation for sins (2:1–2)[edit]

Verse 1[edit]

My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:[4]

Verse 2[edit]

And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for our's only, but also for the sins of the whole world.[8]
  • "Propitiation" (Greek: ἱλασμός, hilasmos[9]): as in "Christ is 'the propitiation for our sins'", in the sense of 'the removal of [divine] wrath against all sin' (cf. Romans 1:18 or 'the turning away of [God's] anger against sin' (cf. Psalm 78:38), which cannot be ignored as another aspect of Christ's atoning work even when God's forgiveness is already given (in one aspect of Christ's work).[6]

Obedience (2:3–6)[edit]

This part gives a test how one can know whether one is in right relationship with God, in spite of one's failures, that is, whether we obey his commands (verse 3, 4; 3:22, 24; 5:3 cf. 5:2).[6] Knowledge of God ("we really know God") will have a powerful effect in the daily lives of believers, and it is not some mystic vision nor intellectual insight, but it is manifested when we obey his commandments.[6] "Knowledge" is an important word in this epistle, occurring as the Greek verb ginóskó 25 times, and as another Greek verb eidó 15 times.[6]

Loving and hating (2:7–11)[edit]

John starts this part with the Greek word agapētoi ("beloved"; also "brethren" or "dear friends"; found six times in this epistle) to stress his theme of "love" and "command to love".[10] Although it is not a novelty, as it is taught from the beginning and has become the fundamental of Christian way, 'there is always a freshness' about the command to 'love one another' as if it is a new command (cf. John 13:34).[10] This command was first fulfilled by Christ, and then he 'puts it in the heart of his followers'.[10]

Separation from the World (2:12–17)[edit]

This section functions as "an interlude of affirmation and reinforcement of the readers' separation from 'the world'."[11] The believers become members of the family of faith, who 'have the forgiveness of sins, the knowledge of God,the word of God abiding in them, and victory over the evil one'.[10]

Reassurance despite Schism (2:18–27)[edit]

Verse 18[edit]

Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour.[12]

John uses the term "antichrist" (Greek: ἀντίχριστος, antichristos[13]) four times in this epistle (and once in 2 John), although he is not focusing on this 'future evil individual', but is more concerned about his readers to be aware of it.[10]

Verse 27[edit]

But the anointing which you have received from Him abides in you, and you do not need that anyone teach you; but as the same anointing teaches you concerning all things, and is true, and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you will abide in Him.[14]
  • "The anointing" (Greek: χρῖσμα, chrisma[15]): already used in verse 20, the word refers to the 'enlightenment given by the Holy Spirit' within the believers, so that they 'have the knowledge that matters' and that 'they remain in God'.[16]

Confidence (2:28–29)[edit]

The present and future eschatology is presented as a combination of affirmation and exhortation in this section.[17] John urges his readers to behave in a way which is appropriate for Christ's second coming, and thereby showing that they have been born of him (or "begotten of him"), because the believers are 'not trying to live a little better', but they have been 'born again' or 'radically renewed'.[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lieu 2007, p. 1274.
  2. ^ Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
  3. ^ Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A Evans (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
  4. ^ 1 John 2:1 KJV
  5. ^ Greek Text Analysis: 1 John 2:1. Biblehub.com
  6. ^ a b c d e Morris 1994, p. 1401.
  7. ^ Strong's Concordance 5040. Teknion. Biblehub.com
  8. ^ 1 John 2:2 KJV
  9. ^ Greek Text Analysis: 1 John 2:2. Biblehub.com
  10. ^ a b c d e Morris 1994, p. 1402.
  11. ^ Lieu 2007, p. 1276.
  12. ^ 1 John 2:18 NKJV
  13. ^ Greek Text Analysis: 1 John 2:18. Biblehub.com
  14. ^ 1 John 2:27 NKJV
  15. ^ Greek Text Analysis: 1 John 2:27. Biblehub.com
  16. ^ a b Morris 1994, p. 1403.
  17. ^ Lieu 2007, pp. 1276–1277.


External links[edit]