Abu Qir

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Coordinates: 31°19′N 30°04′E / 31.317°N 30.067°E / 31.317; 30.067

Abu Qir
ابو قير
Specialized hospital at Abu Qir
Specialized hospital at Abu Qir
Abu Qir is located in Egypt
Abu Qir
Abu Qir
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°19′N 30°04′E / 31.317°N 30.067°E / 31.317; 30.067
Country  Egypt
Governorate Alexandria Governorate
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Abu Qir (Egyptian Arabic: ابو قير‎, Abu Qīr, [æbuˈ] or [æbo-ʔiːɾ], Coptic: ⲁⲡⲁⲕⲩⲣⲓ Apakyri), formerly also spelled Abukir or Aboukir,[1] is a town on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, near the ruins of ancient Canopus and 23 kilometers (14 mi) northeast of Alexandria by rail. It is located on Abu Qir Peninsula, with Abu Qir Bay to the east.

Name[edit]

The town's present name is Arabic for "Father Cyrus", an Egyptian Christian martyr.[1]

History[edit]

Near the village are many remains of ancient buildings, Egyptian, Greek and Roman. About 3 kilometers (2 mi) southeast of the village are the ruins of Canopus. A little farther east, the now-dry Canopic branch of the Nile entered the Mediterranean.[2]

Stretching eastward as far as the Rosetta mouth of the Nile is the spacious Abu Qir Bay (Khalīj Abū Qīr), where on 1 August 1798, Horatio Nelson fought the Battle of the Nile, often referred to as the "Battle of Aboukir Bay". The latter title is applied more properly to an engagement between the French expeditionary army and the Turks under Mustapha Pasha fought on 25 July the following year; see Battle of Abukir of 1799.[3] Later in the war, on 8 March 1801 at the beginning of the Battle of Alexandria, units of the British army commanded by Sir Ralph Abercromby landed from their transports near the town, and faced strenuous opposition from General Louis Friant's French forces entrenched on the beach.[4] The battle continued on down the peninsula toward Alexandria and didn't end until 22 March.[4]

The town contains a castle that was used as a state prison by Muhammad Ali in the early 19th century.[2] The prison was known as Liman Abu Qir.[5]

In 2000, an Italian archaeological team discovered the remains of British officers, sailors, marines, women, and children on Nelson's Island, which lies in the bay.[6][7]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), but it lies at the northern coast of Egypt, moderating its temperatures. Due to its proximity to Alexandria, it has a very similar climate. The wettest places in Egypt are Rafah, Alexandria, Abu Qir, Rosetta, Baltim, Kafr El Dawwar, Mersa Matruh.

Climate data for Abu Qir
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.4
(65.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.5
(74.3)
26.6
(79.9)
29
(84)
29.7
(85.5)
30.6
(87.1)
29.7
(85.5)
28.2
(82.8)
24.5
(76.1)
20.1
(68.2)
24.9
(76.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
14.3
(57.7)
16
(61)
18.5
(65.3)
21.6
(70.9)
24.6
(76.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.5
(79.7)
25.5
(77.9)
23.5
(74.3)
20
(68)
15.9
(60.6)
20.5
(68.9)
Average low °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
10.2
(50.4)
11.4
(52.5)
13.6
(56.5)
16.7
(62.1)
20.3
(68.5)
22.1
(71.8)
22.5
(72.5)
21.4
(70.5)
18.9
(66)
15.6
(60.1)
11.7
(53.1)
16.2
(61.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52
(2.05)
31
(1.22)
9
(0.35)
2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
7
(0.28)
28
(1.1)
52
(2.05)
183
(7.21)
Source: Climate-Data.org[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b EB (1911b).
  2. ^ a b EB (1911a).
  3. ^ Connelly, Owen (2006). Blundering to Glory: Napoleon's Military Campaigns (third ed.). Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-0-7425-5317-0. 
  4. ^ a b Farwell, Byron (2001). "Aboukir / Abukir". The Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-century Land Warfare: An Illustrated World View. New York: W. W. Norton. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-393-04770-7. 
  5. ^ Fahmy, Khaled (2004). "Chapter 15: Towards a Social History of Modern Alexandria". In Hirst, Anthony; Silk, Michael. Alexandria, Real and Imagined. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. pp. 281–306, page 285. ISBN 978-0-7546-3890-2. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ Slope, Nick (17 February 2011). "Women in Nelson's Navy: Burials on Nelson's Island". BBC News. 
  7. ^ "Reburial for Nelson's comrades". BBC News. 18 April 2005. 
  8. ^ "Climate: Abu Qir - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 

References[edit]

Attribution:

External links[edit]