Aden International Airport
|Aden International Airport
مطار عدن الدولي
|Owner/Operator||Government of Yemen|
|Elevation AMSL||7 ft / 2 m|
Source: World Aero Data
The airport was established on the former RAF Khormaksar, which opened in 1917 and closed as an RAF station in 1967. It later served as a Soviet Air Force station during the 1970s and 1980s. It is the second-largest airport in Yemen after Sana'a International Airport. The new terminal was built between 1983 and 1985, with a capacity of one million passengers a year. In 2000 the constructions at the new control tower and airport department building were completed.
During the Yemeni Civil War in the Aftermath of the Houthi takeover in Yemen, the city of Aden including its airport became a battleground. The Battle of Aden Airport took place on March 19, 2015, with Houthi forces mounting an attack on the airport that was repelled by forces loyal to President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi. Operations were suspended for months, owing to bombing by the Saudi Air Force in Operation Decisive Storm.
On July 22, 2015, the airport was declared fit for operation again, as a Saudi plane carrying aid reportedly became the first plane to land in Aden in four months. Two days later on July 24, two more Saudi planes landed carrying the equipment needed to resume operations, to enable aid to be delivered to the embattled country.
On November 26, 2015, the airport re-opened briefly for civilian air traffic after being closed for 10 months, with a Yemenia flight arriving from Amman-Queen Alia international Airport in Jordan. Service for the next three months was sporadic, but at the end of February 2016 it was reported that the airport would reopen for ordinary commercial service after a few weeks of repairs.
The airport is also a Yemeni Air Force base. The base is home to the 128 Squadron Detachment. Aircraft attached to the squadron are mainly transport and attack helicopters (Ka27/28, Mi-8, Mi-14, Mi-17, Mi-24, Mi-171Sh).
Airlines and destinations
|Yemenia||Amman-Queen Alia, Cairo, Dubai, Mumbai|
Accidents and incidents
- On February 22, 1972, hijacked Lufthansa Flight 649, a Boeing 747–200, was diverted to the airport. Once a ransom of 5 million US dollars had been paid, all 187 hostages were released on the following day.
- On March 19, 1972, EgyptAir Flight 763 crashed while on approach to Aden International. All 30 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On October 16, 1977, the hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181 performed a fuelstop on its way to Mogadishu which was not allowed by the airport crew of Aden.
- On March 1, 1977, Douglas C-47A 7O-ABF of Alyemda crashed into the Red Sea shortly after take-off. The aircraft was on a scheduled passenger flight. All 19 people on board were killed.
- On April 1, 1992, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 637 was hijacked and landed at Aden International. The hijacker, an Ethiopian seeking asylum, released the passengers.
- On March 19, 2015, more than 100 people were evacuated from a Yemenia aircraft on the tarmac that had been scheduled to fly to Cairo after a battle over the airport broke out between rival elements of the Yemen Army, forcing a temporary closure. A Boeing 747 used as a presidential aircraft was also damaged by gunfire during the fighting.
- Airport information for OYAA at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- "Aden Airport ready to operate". Yemen Times. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- "Saudis land in Aden with equipment to re-open airport: Arabiya TV". Reuters. Reuters. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- "Aden airport opens for civilian traffic". 26 Nov 2015.
- "Aden airport to reopen fully for commercial traffic within weeks". Retrieved 29 Feb 2016.
- "On This Day—23 February1972: Hijackers surrender and free Lufthansa crew". BBC. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "7O-ABF Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- "Clashes in southern Yemeni city force closure of airport". Deccan Chronicle. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Hendawi, Hamza (19 March 2015). "Aden, Yemen airport attack triggers intense gunbattle, airstrikes". The Star. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
Media related to Aden International Airport at Wikimedia Commons