African Independent Congress
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|Founded||12 December 2005|
|Split from||African National Congress|
|National Assembly seats|
2 / 400
|Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature seats|
0 / 63
Founded in Matatiele on December 12, 2005, the AIC was a protest against the location of the area within the boundaries of the Eastern Cape province rather than KwaZulu-Natal as a result of the 12th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa put forward by the ANC government. The disputed boundary change went to court; it was eventually confirmed by the 13th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa.
The AIC won ten seats in the Matatiele municipality in the 2006 local government elections, seven in the 2011 elections, and one seat in the Eastern Cape provincial legislature in the 2009 elections. In the 2014 South African general election, the AIC received 97,462 votes, 0.53% of the total, winning three seats in the National Assembly. It retained its seat in the Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature. The party did not run a candidate in seven of the nine provinces, and was thought to have only a small, regional base. Some analysts believe the party picked up mistaken votes due to its proximity on the ballot with, and close similarities to, the name and logo of the African National Congress.
In the South African municipal elections of 2016, AIC support declined further in Matatiele, but it campaigned for the first time in many other municipalities, winning a total of 55 seats across eight of the nine provinces.
In March 2019, in the run-up to the 2019 general election, the party's national executive was dissolved by a court ruling, the aftermath of disputes between factions supporting the party's president Mandla Galo, and deputy president Lulama Ntshayisa, over credentials for the elective congress, which took place in August 2018. The party was left with R83 in its bank account due to the legal costs, leaving its participation in the national elections in doubt. In the 2019 general election, the AIC won 48,107 votes (0.28%) and two seats in the National Assembly, one fewer than in 2014; it did not win any seats in the provincial legislatures, so losing the one previously held in the Eastern Cape.
In December 2019 following instability in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality council, covering Port Elizabeth and surrounding areas, and after the deposition of mayors from the DA and UDM, Thsonono Buyeye of the AIC became acting executive mayor.
|Election||Total votes||Share of vote||Seats||+/–||Government|
3 / 400
2 / 400
|Election||Eastern Cape||Free State||Gauteng||Kwazulu-Natal||Limpopo||Mpumalanga||North-West||Northern Cape||Western Cape|
- "Rise against incompetent leaders: AIC". Independent Online. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
- SABC News Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine 18 March 2009
- "AIC heads for Parliament: Did voters mistake it for ANC?". City Press. 8 May 2014. Archived from the original on 11 May 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "We did not get ANC votes - AIC". IOL. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-09. Retrieved 2016-08-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Cele, S’thembile (2019-03-05). "Leaderless AIC has only R3000 in the bank". CityPress. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
- "Results Dashboard". www.elections.org.za. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
- "Results Summary - All Ballots" (PDF). elections.org.za. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
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