African Independent Congress

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African Independent Congress
PresidentMandla Galo[1]
Founded12 December 2005 (2005-12-12)
Split fromAfrican National Congress
IdeologySocial conservatism
Political positionCentre-right
National Assembly seats
2 / 400
Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature seats
0 / 63

The African Independent Congress (AIC) is a minor political party in South Africa.

Founded in Matatiele on December 12, 2005,[2] the AIC was a protest against the location of the area within the boundaries of the Eastern Cape province rather than KwaZulu-Natal as a result of the 12th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa put forward by the ANC government. The disputed boundary change went to court; it was eventually confirmed by the 13th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa.

The AIC won ten seats in the Matatiele municipality in the 2006 local government elections, seven in the 2011 elections, and one seat in the Eastern Cape provincial legislature in the 2009 elections.[1] In the 2014 South African general election, the AIC received 97,462 votes, 0.53% of the total, winning three seats in the National Assembly. It retained its seat in the Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature. The party did not run a candidate in seven of the nine provinces, and was thought to have only a small, regional base. Some analysts believe the party picked up mistaken votes due to its proximity on the ballot with, and close similarities to, the name and logo of the African National Congress.[3][4]

In the South African municipal elections of 2016, AIC support declined further in Matatiele, but it campaigned for the first time in many other municipalities, winning a total of 55 seats across eight of the nine provinces and 0.78% of votes.[5][6]

In March 2019, in the run-up to the 2019 general election, the party's national executive was dissolved by a court ruling, the aftermath of disputes between factions supporting the party's president Mandla Galo, and deputy president Lulama Ntshayisa, over credentials for the elective congress, which took place in August 2018. The party was left with R83 in its bank account due to the legal costs, leaving its participation in the national elections in doubt.[7] In the 2019 general election, the AIC won 48,107 votes (0.28%) and two seats in the National Assembly, one fewer than in 2014; it did not win any seats in the provincial legislatures, so losing the one previously held in the Eastern Cape.

In December 2019 following instability in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality council, covering Port Elizabeth and surrounding areas, and after the deposition of mayors from the DA and UDM, Thsonono Buyeye of the AIC became acting executive mayor.

The 2021 South African municipal elections saw the AIC win 43 council seats in seven provinces (two in Matatiele) with 0.49% of the votes.[8]

Election results[edit]

National Assembly[edit]

Election Total votes Share of vote Seats +/– Government
2014 97,642 0.53%
3 / 400
in opposition
2019 48,107 0.28%
2 / 400
Decrease 1 in opposition

Provincial elections[edit]

Election[9] Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng Kwazulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga North-West Northern Cape Western Cape
% Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats
2014 0.77% 1/63 0.31% 0/42
2019 0.42% 0/63 0.45% 0/30 0.21% 0/73 0.26% 0/80 0.27% 0/49 0.36% 0/30 0.46% 0/33 0.55% 0/30 0.14% 0/42

Municipal elections[edit]

Election Votes %
2016[10] 333,655 0.87%
2021[11] 146,693 0.48%


  1. ^ a b "Rise against incompetent leaders: AIC". Independent Online. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  2. ^ SABC News Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine 18 March 2009
  3. ^ "AIC heads for Parliament: Did voters mistake it for ANC?". City Press. 8 May 2014. Archived from the original on 11 May 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  4. ^ "We did not get ANC votes - AIC". IOL. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Party formed over municipal dispute makes inroads | the Citizen". Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  6. ^ "IEC Results Dashboard". Archived from the original on 8 August 2016.
  7. ^ Cele, S’thembile (5 March 2019). "Leaderless AIC has only R3000 in the bank". CityPress. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  8. ^ Electoral Commission of South Africa (IEC) dashboard
  9. ^ "Results Dashboard". Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Results Summary - All Ballots" (PDF). Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  11. ^ "Results Summary - All Ballots" (PDF). Retrieved 26 November 2021.