Albanian parliamentary election, 2017

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Albanian parliamentary election, 2017

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All 140 seats to the Parliament of Albania
71 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 46.80% Decrease

  First party Second party Third party
  Edi Rama 2014.jpg Lulzim Basha 2012 (cropped).jpg Blank.png
Leader Edi Rama Lulzim Basha Petrit Vasili
Party Socialist Democratic LSI
Last election 65 seats 50 seats 16 seats
Seats won 74 43 19
Seat change Increase 9 Decrease 7 Increase 3
Popular vote 764,791 456,481 225,975
Percentage 48.34% 28.85% 14.28%
Swing Increase 7% Decrease 1.8% Increase 3.8%

Zgjedhjet e përgjithshme 2017 (harta qarqeve).svg

Prime Minister before election

Edi Rama
Socialist

Elected Prime Minister

Edi Rama
Socialist

Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 25 June.[1] They were first scheduled for 18 June, but after a possible boycott was announced by the opposition parties, during a large political crisis that lasted 3 months, an agreement was reached between all the political parties on 18 May to change the date.[2] On 28 June, the central election council announced that Socialist party had won a majority.[3]

Background[edit]

The previous parliamentary elections were held on 23 June 2013 and resulted in a victory for the Socialist Party of Albania-led Alliance for a European Albania, which received 57.6% of the vote, winning 83 of the 140 seats. The opposition Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration headed by Sali Berisha of the Democratic Party received almost 39.5% of the vote and won the other 57 seats. The Socialist Party led by Edi Rama formed the government with Rama as Prime Minister.

Electoral system[edit]

The 140 members of Parliament were elected in twelve multi-member constituencies based on the twelve counties using closed list proportional representation with an electoral threshold of 3% for parties and 5% for alliances.[4] Seats were allocated to alliances using the D'Hondt method, then to political parties using the Sainte-Laguë method.[5]

Demographic changes led to some changes in the number of seats for some constituencies; Tirana gained two seats and Durrës one, whilst Korça, Berat and Kukës all lost a seat.[6]

# County 2016 population Seats
1 Berat 139,815 7
2 Dibër 134,153 6
3 Durrës 278,775 14
4 Elbasan 298,913 14
5 Fier 312,448 16
6 Gjirokastër 70,331 5
7 Korçë 221,706 11
8 Kukës 84,035 3
9 Lezhë 135,613 7
10 Shkodër 215,483 11
11 Tirana 811,649 34
12 Vlorë 183,105 12
Source: Instat (populations)

Contesting parties[edit]

Name Abbr. Ideology Leader
Albanian Democratic Christian Union PBDKSH Eduart Ndocaj
Christian Democratic Alliance ADK Zef Bushati
Christian Democratic Party of Albania PKD Christian democracy Dhimiter Muslia
Communist Party PKSH Marxism–Leninism, Anti-revisionism Qemal Cicollari
Democratic Alliance AD Liberalism, centrism Eduart Abazi
Democratic Party of Albania PD Centre-right, Liberal conservatism, Conservatism, Nationalism, Pro-Europeanism, Economic liberalism Lulzim Basha
Libra Party LIBRA Centrism, Social liberalism, Civic nationalism, Pro-Europeanism Ben Blushi
National Arbnore Alliance AAK Gjet Ndoj
New Democratic Spirit FRD Liberal conservatism, pro-Europeanism Bamir Topi
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity PDIU Right-wing, Nationalism, Ethnic nationalism, Cham issue Shpëtim Idrizi
Party for the Future of the Greek Minority MEGA Kristaq Kiço
People's Alliance for Justice APD Bilal Kola
Republican Party of Albania PR Right-wing, National Conservatism, Pro-Europeanism Fatmir Mediu
Challenge for Albania SFIDA! Centrism, Pro-Europeanism Hektor Ruci
Social Democracy Party PDS Social democracy Paskal Milo
Socialist Movement for Integration LSI Centre-left, Social democracy, Progressivism Ilir Meta
Socialist Party of Albania PS Centre-left, Social democracy, Third Way, Progressivism, Social liberalism Edi Rama

Opinion polls[edit]

Nationwide[edit]

Pollster Date Sample PD PS LSI PDIU Libra SFIDA! Other parties Lead
Exit poll 25 June 2017 30-34% 45-49% 11-15% 3-5% - - 15%
IPR + Ora News 19 June 2017 33% 48% 13% 1.8% 2.3% 0.5% 15%
IPR + Ora News 7 June 2017 800 37% 45% 13% 1.5% 2% 0.3% 8%
Piepoli 6 June 2017 800 28-32%

41-45 seats

48-52%

69-73 seats

9-13%

14-18 seats

1-2%

2-4 seats

1-3%

1-3 seats

1-3%

1-3 seats

20%
IPR + Ora News 29–30 May 2017 2,002 36% 43% 12% 1.8% 2.3% 1.0% 3.9% 7%

By county[edit]

Tirana[edit]

Pollster Date Sample PD PS LSI PDIU Libra SFIDA! Other parties Lead
IPR + Ora News 29–30 May 2017 1,000 33% 41% 14% 1% 6% 1.5% 3.5% 8%

Elbasan[edit]

Pollster Date Sample PD PS LSI PDIU Libra SFIDA! Other parties Undecided Lead
American Eye 4 June 2017 1,034 29.2% 46.1% 6.4% 7.1% 0.7% - 3.4% 7.1% 16.9%

Results[edit]

Parliamentary seats
PS
74/140
PD
43/140
LSI
19/140
PDIU
3/140
PSD
1/140
Diagrama e Kuvendit të Shqipërisë (2017).svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Socialist Party of Albania 764,791 48.34 74 +9
Democratic Party of Albania 456,481 28.85 43 –7
Socialist Movement for Integration 225,975 14.28 19 +3
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity 76,064 4.81 3 –1
Libra Party 19,756 1.25 0 New
Social Democratic Party of Albania 14,987 0.95 1 +1
New Democratic Spirit 5,118 0.32 0 0
Sfida për Shqipërinë 3,534 0.22 0 New
Republican Party of Albania 3,217 0.20 0 -3
Social Democracy Party of Albania 2,473 0.16 0 0
Christian Democratic Party of Albania 2,415 0.15 0 –1
Party for the Future of the Greek Minority 2,287 0.14 0 0
People's Alliance for Justice 1,491 0.09 0 New
Communist Party of Albania 1,029 0.07 0 0
Albanian Democratic Christian Union 920 0.06 0 New
Christian Democratic Alliance 767 0.05 0 0
Democratic Alliance Party 541 0.03 0 0
National Arbnore Alliance 349 0.02 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 32,188
Total 1,614,479 100 140 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,452,324 46.80
Source: CEC (99.96% of polling stations reporting)

By county[edit]

County Socialist Democratic LSI PDIU LIBRA Other parties
County Seats Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S
Berat 7 45,637 54.53% 4 16,302 19.48% 1 19,764 23.62% 2 635 0.76% 0 588 0.70% 0 2,448 0.91% 0
Dibër 6 24,795 34.46% 2 21,331 29.65% 2 12,267 17.05% 1 12.605 17.52% 1 233 0.32% 0 2,471 0.55% 0
Durrës 14 73,066 49.67% 8 43,163 29.34% 4 21,941 14.91% 2 4,519 3.07% 0 1,515 1.03% 0 6,723 1.98% 0
Elbasan 14 72,881 44.59% 7 33,868 20.72% 3 23,536 14.40% 2 29,431 18.00% 2 1,286 0.79% 0 5,549 1.50% 0
Fier 16 104,162 57.15% 10 46,799 25.68% 4 21,380 11.73% 2 6,348 3.48% 0 1,615 0.89% 0 5,349 1.07% 0
Gjirokastër 5 27,222 50.21% 3 13,321 24.57% 1 12,597 23.23% 1 171 0.32% 0 340 0.63% 0 1,686 1.04% 0
Korçë 11 62,787 48.39% 6 42,177 32.51% 4 10,465 15.00% 1 2,003 1.54% 0 1,809 1.39% 0 4,222 1.17% 0
Kukës 3 18,387 43.79% 1 19,935 47.48% 2 2,938 7.00% 0 13 0.03% 0 319 0.76% 0 1,245 0.94% 0
Lezhë 7 30,406 41.55% 3 27,550 37.65% 3 11,210 15.32% 1 2,125 2.90% 0 795 1.09% 0 2,627 1.49% 0
Shkodër 11 39,247 35.68% 4 40,763 37.06% 5 12,737 11.58% 1 2,172 1.97% 0 924 0.84% 0 16,557 12.87% 1
Tiranë 34 200,517 48.24% 18 128,065 30.81% 11 55,894 13.45% 4 12,434 2.99% 0 9,574 2.30% 0 17,233 2.21% 0
Vlorë 12 65,684 60.31% 8 23,207 21.31% 3 12,246 11.24% 1 3,608 3.31% 0 758 0.70% 0 5,257 3.13% 0
Albania 764.791 48.34% 74 456,481 28.85% 43 225,975 14.28% 19 76.064 4.81% 3 19.756 1.25% 0 71,412 2.47% 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidenti Nishani e dekreton: 25 qershori data e zgjedhjeve parlamentare". gsh.al (in Albanian). 21 May 2017.
  2. ^ Agreement unveiled, Parliamentary Elections on June 25 Albania Daily News
  3. ^ Albanian Socialists to get parliamentary majority, partial vote count shows Reuters, 26 June 2017
  4. ^ Election Profile IFES
  5. ^ Electoral system IPU
  6. ^ Harta e re elektorale, një mandat më pak Kukësit, Korçës e Beratit Shqiptarja, 3 December 2016