Friedenreich with the Brazilian national team .
|Date of birth||18 July 1892|
|Place of birth||São Paulo, Brazil|
|Date of death||6 September 1969(aged 77)|
|Place of death||São Paulo, Brazil|
|Height||1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Arthur Friedenreich (18 July 1892 – 6 September 1969) was a Brazilian footballer, who played as a forward. Nicknamed The Tiger, he was arguably the sport's first outstanding mixed race player. He is occasionally stated as the all-time top scorer in professional football, with 1329 goals, although this is highly disputable.
Friedenreich was born in São Paulo to Oscar Friedenreich, a German businessman whose father immigrated to Brazil, and Mathilde, an African Brazilian washerwoman and the daughter of freed slaves. Friedenreich was the first professional football player of Afro-Brazilian origin, because at that time football was dominated by Whites and Blacks were not accepted. He faced many barriers because of racism, and he could not attend the same places where white players were, such as swimming pools, tennis courts and parties.
He started his career influenced by his father, playing for SC Germânia, a Brazilian football team composed of German immigrants. After playing with a succession of São Paulo club sides from 1910 onwards, Friedenreich made his debut with the national team in 1914. He played twenty-two internationals, including wins in the 1919 and 1922 editions of the Copa América, scoring ten goals. On Brazil's 1925 tour of Europe, he was feted as the King of Football.
He was not picked by Brazil for the 1930 FIFA World Cup because there was a serious misunderstanding between the football Leagues of the States of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo; only players from Rio travelled. São Paulo stars, like him (who was 38 years old), Filó (who would be 1934 FIFA World Cup champion with Italy) and Feitiço, did not go to Uruguay.
Friedenreich retired while playing for Flamengo in 1935 at the age of 43. He died on 6 September 1969 at the age of 77. His exact number of games and goals is not known. Friedenreich is reported to have scored 1329 goals in 1239 games. However, Pelé fans argue he scored 1239 in 1329 games.
- 1909: Germânia
- 1910: Ypiranga
- 1911: Germânia
- 1912: Mackenzie College
- 1913: Ypiranga
- 1913: Americano from Santos
- 1913–14: Paulista ?
- 1914: Atlas* (Atlas Flamengo FC from Santos) ?
- 1914–15: Ypiranga
- 1915–16: Payssandu
- 1916: Paulistano
- 1917: Ypiranga
- 1917: Flamengo
- 1917–29: Paulistano
- 1929: Internacional*
- 1929: Atlético Santista*
- 1930: Santos*
- 1930–35: São Paulo
- 1933: Dois de Julho (BA)*
- 1933: Atlético*
- 1935: Santos
- 1935: Flamengo
- *) just for one match.
- clubs with "?" are not definitively identified.
He was top scorer of the Liga Paulista in the following years:
Because of the internal quarrels and the ensuing split of the league into the LPF and APEA he had to share the top scorer title with the following players in the following years:
- Campeonato Paulista: 1918, 1919, 1921, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1931
- Copa América player of the tournament: 1919
- Copa América Top Scorer: 1919
- IFFHS Brazilian Player of the 20th Century (5th place)
- IFFHS South American Player of the 20th Century (13th place)
- "Most career goals (football)".
- Curi, Martin (2014). "Arthur Friedenreich (1892–1969): a Brazilian biography". Soccer & Society. 15 (1): 19–28. doi:10.1080/14660970.2013.854540. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- Gannon, Willie (October 19, 2008). "Profiles Of The Great and Good: Arthur Friedenreich: The Original "Black" Pearl". Bleacher Report, Inc. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- "Campeonato Paulista: Artilheiros da história". Folha Online. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "IFFHS' Century Elections". www.rsssf.com.