Baltimore jazz

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Baltimore jazz is a major part of the music of Baltimore, Maryland, and is a field that has produced several well-known artists, including Billie Holiday, Cab Calloway, Chick Webb and Cyrus Chestnut, as well as local performers like Ethel Ennis and Rivers Chambers.

Jazz was first documented in Baltimore in 1917, the same year John Ridgely organized the first band that called its music jazz. Baltimore's Royal Theatre was, for many years, the most important[according to whom?] venue in the city for jazz, and its house orchestra, led first by Rivers Chambers and then by Tracy McCleary, included many performers who went on to national careers with major acts.

Baltimore has a prominent jazz saxophone tradition, and has produced many well-regarded[by whom?] players like Mickey Fields, Gary Bartz, and Gary Thomas. More recently,[when?] the Hammond B-3 organ has become a distinctive part of the local jazz scene.

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