Bambino Gesù Hospital
|Bambino Gesù Hospital|
One of the two entrances to the hospital
|Location||Rome, Italy (Extraterritorial jurisdiction of the Holy See)|
|Funding||Non-profit, For-profit, Government, Public|
Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù (Baby Jesus Paediatric Hospital) is a Vatican City tertiary care academic children's hospital located in Rome, Italy. As a tertiary children referral centre, OPBG offers more than 20 specialties to a 20 million population pool through 10 pediatric departments. It's humanitarian programme serves people in 16 countries on four continents.
The hospital, which was founded in 1869, by Duchess Arabella Salviati, on the model of the Hôpital des Enfants-Maladesis in Paris. In 1924, it was donated to the Holy See. In 1985 Bambino Gesù was officially recognized as a research hospital (Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico).
Bambino Gesù is now part of the network of the National Healthcare System in the city of Rome. It is located on an extraterritorial area administered by the Holy See. Since 1980, due to its prestige and to the strengthening of its relations with the Italian National Health System, it has become a significant point of reference for paediatrics at the national level.
The trademark of the hospital in the last thirty years has been the high level of specialization in the treatment of children coming not only from Rome or Italy, but also from neighbouring European countries. As a tertiary children referral centre, OPBG offers more than 20 specialties to a 20 million population pool through 10 pediatric departments.
On 22 May 1988, Michael Jackson visited children suffering from cancer in the hospital. He signed autographs and gave away sweets and records to the little patients. He promised a check of 100,000 pounds sterling to the hospital.
Within the framework of the National Healthcare System, the structure of the hospital has undergone significant revision, following the new organization processes of the Italian Public Administration and public healthcare in particular.
On 4 October 2010, a medical team from Children's Hospital Bambino Gesù of Rome made the world's first transplant of a permanent artificial heart in a patient 15 years old.
The Bambino Gesù Hospital (OPBG) is engaged in humanitarian activities to improve provide healthcare in 16 countries in four continents, providing care for over 900 patients and training physicians, nurses and technicians.
A 2017 Associated Press reported that a 2014 Vatican investigation had found that the hospital had changed its focus to prioritize profit over the health of the children there. The AP reported that overcrowding and poor hygiene contributed to deadly infection, including one 21-month superbug outbreak in the cancer ward that killed eight children. It also found that in order to save money, disposable equipment and other materials were at times used improperly, with a one-time order of cheap needles breaking when injected into tiny veins. The report also stated that doctors were so pressured to maximize operating-room turnover that patients were sometimes brought out of anesthesia too quickly. All of these alleged incidents were reported to have occurred between the years 2008 and 2015.
In January, the Vatican announced the hiring of the international firm Price Waterhouse for a due diligence check on Bambino Gesù. Then, in A secret three-month Vatican-authorized investigation in early 2014 gathered testimony and documentation from dozens of current and former staff members and confirmed that the mission of "the pope's hospital" had been lost and was "today more aimed at profit than on caring for children." While some the 2014 report's recommendations were implemented, others were not. The Vatican declined to make the report public. In June 2014, Cardinal Parolin decided to strengthen the Cardinal Secretary of State state secretariat's control over the Bambino Gesù. The Vatican later commissioned a second inquiry in 2015 and concluded after a three-day hospital visit that nothing was amiss.
The hospital responded in a statement, describing the investigation as a "hoax" and saying that it "contained false, dated and gravely defamatory accusations and conjectures that had been denied by an independent report of the Holy See. After Associated Press published the report, the Holy see released the following statement: “No hospital is perfect. Vatican spokesman Greg Burke. "But it is false and unjust to suggest that there are serious threats to the health of children at Bambino Gesu”.
On 13 July 2017, it was announced that the Tribunal of the Vatican City State had charged both the hospital's former president Giuseppe Profiti and former treasurer Massimo Spina with illicitly using money which was destined for the Bambino Gesu Children's Hospital Foundation to renovate the apartment that became the residence of the former secretary of state, Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone. It was later confirmed that their trial will start on 18 July 2017 and that no charges have been filed against either Bertone, the Castelli Re construction company or its owner, Gianantonio Bandera, a longtime Bertone associate.
The trial began on July 18 as scheduled. On the first day of hearings, both Profiti and Spina appeared before the Vatican tribunal and had both their motions to dismiss the trial and bar journalists from covering the trial rejected. It was announced afterwards on the first day of hearings that the trial was adjourned until September 7 and that Cardinal Bertone could be called as a witness when the trial resumes.
On September 7, the trial began and went into recess after one day when it was announced that new evidence emerged and the defense and the prosecution requested more time to study a memorandum from Bambino Gesu Hospital's current head given to the tribunal a day earlier emerged. Dates were set for the court to be in session again on Sept. 19, 20, 21 and 22, first to hear from the defendants themselves, and then from roughly 7 projected witnesses, four called by prosecutors and three by the two defense teams between September 21 and 22.
On September 19, Profiti testified that hospital funds were used for the renovation with the idea that Cardinal Bertone could host intimate dinners for eight to ten wealthy potential donors at a time at least half-a-dozen times a year, but also defended himself by further testifying that the expense was justified because he intended to use Cardinal Bertone's apartment for fundraisers that would have more than repaid the investment within four to five years. However, no meetings were ever reported to have been held in Bertone's apartment. On September 22, an official of the Government of the Vatican City State testified that the remodeling project for Bertone's apartment bypassed the normal competitive bidding process and was "singular " and "anomalous." The same day, Spina testified that his immediate superior “told me there were no problems because Cardinal Bertone had clarified the situation with the Holy Father in person.”
On October 3, 2017, Gianantonio Bandera, an Italian businessman whose now-bankrupt contracting firm renovated the apartment, said that Bertone personally oversaw the renovation and contacted him directly without taking bids, as would ordinarily be required.
On October 14, 2017, the three-judge tribunal overseeing the trial acquitted Spina and convicted Profiti of a lesser offense of abuse of office after the defense argued that the money was intended as an investment to benefit the hospital rather than Bertone's apartment. Profiti was also given a one-year jail sentence, less than the three-year sentence the prosecution had sought.
- "Bambino Gesu’ Children’s Research Hospital IRCCS", EURO-NMD
- "About us", Bambino Gesù
- "Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital of Rome, Italy", ERN-EYE
- "Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital", ERN GUARD-Heart
- "Jackson Roaming in Rome", The York Dispatch (May 25, 1988), p. 49.
- Pisa, Nick (2 October 2010). "Boy, 15, gets first permanent artifical heart". Telegraph.co.uk.
- "L'ospedale Bambino Gesù, inaugurata la nuova struttura a San Paolo". Il Messaggero (in Italian). Rome, Italy. 24 October 2012. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015.
- De Simone, Giuseppe and Bottazzo, Gian Franco. "The Bambino Gesù Paediatric Hospital's international humanitarian programme", Paediatric and Child Health, October 2009 Vol. 19, Supplement 1, Pages S6–S10 doi:10.1016/j.paed.2009.05.037
- Nicole Winfield; Maria Cheng (3 July 2017). "'Pope's hospital' put children at risk as it chased profits". Associated Press.
- Gagliarducci, Andrea. "Vatican state secretariat strengthens its control over 'the Pope's hospital'", Catholic News Agency, September 10, 2014
- "The Latest: Vatican hospital says AP investigation is 'hoax'". Associated Press. 3 July 2017.
- O'Connell, Gerard. "Vatican charges former Bambino Gesu Hospital officials with misusing funds to refurbish Cardinal Bertone residence", America, July 13, 2017
- Pullella, Philip. "Vatican Hospital Corruption Trial Starts With Setbacks for Defense", Reuters, July 18, 2017
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2017-09-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)