Bantva Manavadar

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Manavadar State
Bantva Manavadar
બાંટવામાણાવદર
Princely State
1733–1947

Flag of Bantva Manavadar

Flag

History
 •  Established 1733
 •  Accession to the Indian Union 1947
Area
 •  1941 261.6 km2 (101 sq mi)
Population
 •  1941 26,209 
Density 100.2 /km2  (259.5 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
Manavadar State Men's Hockey Team, Sydney, June 1938 - photographer Sam Hood.

Bantva-Manavadar or Manavadar State (Gujarati: બાંટવામાણાવદર) was a princely state during the era of the British Raj in India. It was located on the Kathiawar peninsula in Gujarat. The state had an area of approximately 574 km² and contained 26 villages with a primarily Hindu population of 26,209 in 1941.[1]

History[edit]

Bantva is described as Bantva Choryashi is Ain-i-Akabari. Bantva was bestowed by Nawab Bahadur Khan (Sher Khan Babi) of Junagadh State, on his brothers Diler Khan Salabat Muhammed Khan Babi and Sher Zaman Khan in 1733 after their expulsion from Ghogha by Sohrab Khan, But some say that Sohrab Khan himself bestowed on them the pargana when he was foujdur of Sorath. Bantva had remained, in the hands of the descendants of Diler Khan and Sher Zaman Khan, and was one of the richest parganas in the province.[2]

The Bantva chieftains in after-times frequently caballed against the Nawab of Junagad but were invariably forced to sue for peace though Mukhtar Khan and Edal Khan on one occasion captured Vanthali but they were driven by the Diwan Amarji of Junagadh. The Nawab of Junagadh, in 1794-95, bestowed his share of the Visavadar parganas on the Bantva chieftains on the occasion of his marriage with a lady of their house. They however so oppressed the Kathis that they went out in outlawry, and drove out the Bantva thana of Visavadar. Afterwards, however, this share of Bantva in Visavadar again fell into the hands of Junagadh.[2]

There was three principal branches of the Bantva family:[2]

  1. the Hanavadar branch represented by Ghazanfar Khan
  2. the Gidar branch represented by Samat Khan and Anvar Khan
  3. the branch of Bantva represented by Sher Khan and others.

In 1818, the state became a British protectorate.[3]

On 14 September 1947, following the independence of the new Dominions of India and Pakistan, the Khan Sahib Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji unilaterally acceded the state of Manavadar to Pakistan, even though, being a de facto vassal state of Junagadh State, the state had no such right to do so. This act was done at the same time as his master, the Nawab of Junagadh who himself had no such right, being himself in turn a vassal of Baroda State. On 22 October 1947 India took over the administration and Indian police forces were sent into Manavadar, where the Khan Sahib was placed under house arrest at Songadh.

An interim administrator was appointed to carry on the governance of the state, during which time the Government of India held a UN supervised and attested plebiscite in his domain.[4] Participants voted in favour of union with India and on 15 February 1948 the accession to Pakistan was rescinded. After the state acceded to India it was merged with the federated state of Saurashtra on 20 February 1949.[4]

Rulers[edit]

Bantva Manavadar State Ruler Babi Family Tree (1884)

Bantva Manavadar rulers belonged to the Babi Dynasty. It was a non-salute state. They held the title of Khan Sahib.[5]

Khans[edit]

  • 1733 - c.1760 Diler Khan Salabat Khan (d. c.1760)
  • c.1760 - .... Sadar Nathu Khan Diler Khan
  • 17.. - 18.. Ghazafar Khan Nathu Khan
  • 18.. - 18.. Kamal ad-Din Khan Ghazafar Khan
  • 18.. - 12 Jun 1882 Zorawar Khan Kamal ad-Din Khan (d. 1882)
  • 12 Jun 1882 – 28 Mar 1888 Ghazafar Khan Zorawar Khan (b. 1862 - d. 1888)
  • 12 Jun 1882 – 21 Jun 1883 .... -Regent
  • 28 Mar 1888 – 19 Oct 1918 Fath ad-Din Khan Ghazafar Khan (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
  • 28 Mar 1888 – 25 Nov 1907 .... -Regent
  • 19 Oct 1918 – 15 Feb 1948 Moinuddin Ghulam Khan (b. 1911 - d. 2003) (Indian prisoner from 22 Oct 1947)
  • 19 Oct 1918 – 21 Nov 1931 Fatima Siddiqa Begum (f) -Regent (b. 1891 - d. 1943)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manavadar Princely State
  2. ^ a b c Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Kathiawar (Public Domain text). VIII. Printed at the Government Central Press, Bombay. 1884. pp. 377–378. 
  3. ^ Princely States of India
  4. ^ a b "Manavadar". The Royal Ark. Buyers, Christopher. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 
  5. ^ "Manavadar". Genealogical Gleanings. Soszynski, Henry. University of Queensland. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 21°30′N 70°08′E / 21.5°N 70.13°E / 21.5; 70.13PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Kathiawar. VIII. Printed at the Government Central Press, Bombay. 1884. pp. 377–378.