Be'er Ya'akov

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Be'er Ya'akov
  • בְּאֵר יַעֲקֹב
  • بئر يعقوب
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Bˀer Yaˁqob
 • Also spelled Be'er Ya'aqov (official)
Beer Yaakov pic01.jpg
Official logo of Be'er Ya'akov
Logo
Be'er Ya'akov is located in Israel
Be'er Ya'akov
Be'er Ya'akov
Coordinates: 31°56′33.14″N 34°50′1.5″E / 31.9425389°N 34.833750°E / 31.9425389; 34.833750Coordinates: 31°56′33.14″N 34°50′1.5″E / 31.9425389°N 34.833750°E / 31.9425389; 34.833750
District Central
Founded 1907
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1949)
 • Head of Municipality Nissim Gozlan
Area
 • Total 8,580 dunams (8.58 km2 or 3.31 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 20,378
Name meaning Jacob's well
Website b-y.org.il

Be'er Ya'akov (Hebrew: בְּאֵר יַעֲקֹב‎, lit. Jacob's Well; Arabic: بئر يعقوب‎) is a town with local council status in central Israel, near Ness Ziona and Rishon Lezion. The town has an area of 8,580 dunams (~8.6 km²),[2] and had a population of 20,378 in 2016.[1]

History[edit]

Established in 1907, Be'er Ya'akov was named after Ya'akov Yitzhaki, a rabbi and Jewish pioneer, from the Mountain Jews community.[3] According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Be'er Ya'akov had 131 inhabitants.,[4] which had increased in the 1931 census to 265 residents, in 58 houses.[5] By 1947 it had a population of 400.[6] It achieved local council status in 1949.

During the 1948 Arab–Israeli war, and until the Israeli capture of Ramla in July 1948, Be'er Ya'akov was in the front line. The population at that time was evacuated and a new settlement, Be'er Shalom, was established nearby by members of Kibbutz Buchenwald, the first pioneer training group formed in post-World War II Germany.[7][8]

Two hospitals are located in Be'er Ya'akov: Yitzhak Shamir Medical Center (near Tzrifin), and Shmuel HaRofe Geriatric Hospital.

The town is growing rapidly, with massive urban development, including the construction of new neighborhoods taking place, and it is expected to gain city status in the coming years. In 2017, a new plan was approved to massively expand Be'er Ya'akov in area and population. Once the Tzrifin complex of military bases is vacated and most of the bases are relocated to the Negev, Be'er Ya'akov will expand onto land once occupied by military facilities. It is planned that Be'er Ya'akov will eventually have a population of 100,000.[9][10]

Sports[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Be'er Ya'akov is served by the Be'er Ya'akov Railway Station, for trains on the Binyamina-Ashkelon line.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Be'er Ya'akov" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  3. ^ HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel (in Hebrew). Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 76. ISBN 965-448-413-7. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 18
  6. ^ Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 14. 
  7. ^ Jewish National Fund, p191
  8. ^ Kibbutz Buchenwald, Judy Baumel Bar Ilan University
  9. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/haaretz-labels/israeli-realestate/1.720457?v=DD563D2F1796EE3D512E3A8A458EA550
  10. ^ http://www.globes.co.il/en/article-beer-yaakov-to-become-city-of-100000-1001192495