Beit 'Anan

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Beit 'Anan
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بيت عنان
 • Also spelled Bayt I'nan (official)
Beit 'Anan in the past
Beit 'Anan in the past
Beit 'Anan is located in the Palestinian territories
Beit 'Anan
Beit 'Anan
Location of Beit 'Anan within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°51′10″N 35°06′38″E / 31.85278°N 35.11056°E / 31.85278; 35.11056Coordinates: 31°51′10″N 35°06′38″E / 31.85278°N 35.11056°E / 31.85278; 35.11056
Palestine grid 160/140
Governorate Jerusalem
Government
 • Type Municipality
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 3,941
Name meaning "The house of 'Anan"[1]

Beit 'Anan (Arabic: بيت عنان‎) is a Palestinian village in northwest Jerusalem[2] under the jurisdiction of the Jerusalem Municipality. In 2010, it had a population of 4,982. Some residents of Beit 'Anan hold Israeli identity cards, while others hold Palestinian identity cards.

History[edit]

In 1159, Bethanam is mentioned in Crusader sources in connection with defining the borders between it and Parva Mahomeria.[3][4]

In 1883, Survey of Western Palestine suggested that Beit 'Anan was identical with the Crusader village of Beithumen, a fief of the Holy Sepulchre in the twelfth century.[5] However, in 1887 Röhricht thought it was a more likely that Beitunia was Beithumen,[6] and in 1890 Conder agreed fully with Röhricht.[7]

Ottoman era[edit]

Beit 'Anan was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 28 households, all Muslim.[8]

In 1863 the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, and estimated that it had 600 inhabitants,[9] while an official Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed that "Bet 'Anan" had 59 houses and a population of 220, though the population count included only men.[10] In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as "a small village on top of a flat ridge; near a main road to the west are remains of a Khan with water, and about a mile to the east is a spring."[11]

British Mandate era[edit]

Beit 'Anan was captured by British forces in the 1917 Battle for Jerusalem during their campaign in Palestine against the Ottomans.[12] It was described as a village situated on the hill commanding Dukka from the south, on the road to Kubeibeh, identified as ancient Emmaus.[13]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, "Bait 'Inan" had a population of 509, all Muslims,[14] increasing in the 1931 census to a population of 654, still all Muslims, in 162 houses.[15]

In 1945 Beit I'nan had a population of 820, all Arabs, with 10,105 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[16] Of this, 2,015 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,471 used for cereals,[17] while 63 dunams were built-up land.[18]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Beit 'Anan came under Jordanian rule.

post-1967[edit]

After Six-Day War in 1967, Beit 'Anan has been under Israeli occupation. In 2012 Beit Anan population was near five thousand with four thousand more migrants and their descendants. There are nearly 2,000 living in Jordan, most in Zarqa. More than 2,000 live in the United States, most of whom live in the Paterson, New Jersey area. Others live in Louisiana, Illinois, Ohio, Florida and few in Michigan. Some of its descendants live in Brazil. Migration from Beit Anan began in the early fifties. Then, nearly all headed to Brazil via the sea. Since the late sixties and until today migration from Beit Anan has been nearly entirely to the United States.[citation needed]

Education and culture[edit]

Beit 'Anan has an UNRWA school for girls with 560 students, two elementary schools for boys and three kindergartens. The Abu Ayob al-Ansary mosque is located in Beit 'Anan. The village has two health clinics and several sports clubs. In 2009, a four-day culture festival was held in Beit Anan attended by more than 15,000 people.[2]

Biddu enclave[edit]

Beit 'Anan along with Biddu, Beit Duqqu, Beit Surik, Qatanna, al Qubeida, Beit Ijaz, Kharayib Umm al Lahim and at Tira form the "Biddu enclave." The enclave will be linked to Ramallah by underpasses and a fenced road.[19]

West Bank barrier[edit]

In July 2004, the Israeli High Court of Justice cancelled military orders for the confiscation of hundreds of dunams of village land to build the separation barrier.[20][21] The barrier would have passed close to Beit 'Anan and cut off the village from a lot of its land.[21] Following the ruling, the barrier was rerouted at a greater distance from the village.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 286
  2. ^ a b "Promoting Palestinian culture presents challenge to occupation and celebrates heritage". Alquds2009.org. Retrieved 2010-09-11. 
  3. ^ Pringle, 1998, p. 167-8
  4. ^ Röhricht, 1893, RHH, p. 88, no 338
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 11
  6. ^ Röhricht, 1887, p. 205
  7. ^ Conder, 1890, p. 30
  8. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 121.
  9. ^ Guérin, 1874, p. 348
  10. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 145
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 16
  12. ^ The battle for Palestine 1917, John D. Grainger
  13. ^ Cavalry entered Jaffa
  14. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 15
  15. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 38
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 56
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 101
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 151
  19. ^ OCHA
  20. ^ a b Amnon Barzilai (November 29, 2004). "New separation fence route to annex less West Bank land". Haaretz. 
  21. ^ a b High Court of Justice, Beit Sourik Village Council versus the Government of Israel and the Commander of the IDF Forces in the West Bank, HCJ 2056/04, June 30, 2004.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]