Beryllium nitrate

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Beryllium nitrate
Beryllium Nitrate Diagram.svg
Names
Systematic IUPAC name
Beryllium nitrate
Other names
Beryllium dinitrate
Identifiers
13597-99-4 YesY
7787-55-5 (trihydrate)
ChemSpider 24337 YesY
EC Number 237-062-5
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 26126
UN number 2464
Properties
Be(NO3)2
Molar mass 133.021982 g/mol
Appearance white to yellow solid
Odor odorless
Density 1.56 g/cm3
Melting point 60.5 °C (140.9 °F; 333.6 K)
Boiling point 142 °C (288 °F; 415 K) (decomposes)
166 g/100 mL
Thermochemistry
-700.4 kJ/mol
Hazards
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 0.002 mg/m3
C 0.005 mg/m3 (30 minutes), with a maximum peak of 0.025 mg/m3 (as Be)[1]
REL (Recommended)
Ca C 0.0005 mg/m3 (as Be)[1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Ca [4 mg/m3 (as Be)][1]
Related compounds
Other cations
Magnesium nitrate
Calcium nitrate
Strontium nitrate
Barium nitrate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Beryllium nitrate, also known as beryllium dinitrate, is an ionic beryllium salt of nitric acid with the chemical formula Be(NO3)2.[2] Each formula unit is composed of one Be2+ cation and two NO3 anions.

Hazards[edit]

Beryllium nitrate is a toxic chemical,[2] like all other beryllium compounds. It is also an irritant in small doses. When burned, it gives off irritating or toxic fumes. However, when massive short-term exposure occurs, acute pneumonitis can set in, but symptoms do not manifest themselves for 3 days.[2]

Preparation[edit]

Beryllium nitrate can be prepared by reacting beryllium hydroxide in nitric acid.[3]

Be(OH)2 + 2 HNO3 → Be(NO3)2 + 2 H2O

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0054". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  2. ^ a b c "Beryllium Nitrate (ICSC)". IPCS INCHEM. Retrieved 13 September 2010. 
  3. ^ Walsh, Kenneth (2009). Beryllium chemistry and processing. ASM International. pp. 121–122. ISBN 978-0-87170-721-5. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
Salts and covalent derivatives of the Nitrate ion
HNO3 He
LiNO3 Be(NO3)2 B(NO3)4 C N O FNO3 Ne
NaNO3 Mg(NO3)2 Al(NO3)3 Si P S ClONO2 Ar
KNO3 Ca(NO3)2 Sc(NO3)3 Ti(NO3)4 VO(NO3)3 Cr(NO3)3 Mn(NO3)2 Fe(NO3)3 Co(NO3)2,
Co(NO3)3
Ni(NO3)2 Cu(NO3)2 Zn(NO3)2 Ga(NO3)3 Ge As Se Br Kr
RbNO3 Sr(NO3)2 Y Zr(NO3)4 Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd(NO3)2 AgNO3 Cd(NO3)2 In Sn Sb Te I Xe(NO3)2
CsNO3 Ba(NO3)2   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg2(NO3)2,
Hg(NO3)2
Tl(NO3)3 Pb(NO3)2 Bi(NO3)3
BiO(NO3)
Po At Rn
Fr Ra   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Uut Fl Uup Lv Uus Uuo
La Ce(NO3)3,
Ce(NO3)4
Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd(NO3)3 Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac Th Pa UO2(NO3)2 Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr