Billings, Oklahoma

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Billings, Oklahoma
Town
Historic building in Billings
Historic building in Billings
Location of Billings, Oklahoma
Location of Billings, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°32′6″N 97°25′46″W / 36.53500°N 97.42944°W / 36.53500; -97.42944Coordinates: 36°32′6″N 97°25′46″W / 36.53500°N 97.42944°W / 36.53500; -97.42944
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Noble
Area
 • Total 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Land 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,014 ft (309 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 436
 • Density 687.2/sq mi (265.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74630
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-06100[1]
GNIS feature ID 1090137[2]

Billings is a town in northwest Noble County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 509 at the 2010 census, an increase from 436 at the 2000 census. It was the childhood home of Oklahoma governor Henry Bellmon.[3]

History[edit]

Billings was called "White Rock", when it was founded in 1893, at the time of the Cherokee Strip Land Run. It was then 3 miles (4.8 km) east and 2 miles (3.2 km)south of its present site. Its economy was based on agriculture in the surrounding area. The Enid and Tonkawa Railway (acquired by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway in 1900) built a spur line out from North Enid in 1899. The railroad, however, did not go through White Rock, so the residents soon moved to the present location. The new town opened October 23, 1899. The town was renamed for M. O. Billings, a director of the Billings Town Company.[3]

Geography[edit]

Billings is located at 36°32′06″N 97°25′46″W / 36.535040°N 97.429505°W / 36.535040; -97.429505.[4] It is 35 miles (56 km) from Enid and Ponca City.[3] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Billings, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 43.9
(6.6)
50.2
(10.1)
59.8
(15.4)
69.6
(20.9)
78.2
(25.7)
88.3
(31.3)
94.4
(34.7)
92.9
(33.8)
84.0
(28.9)
73.3
(22.9)
57.9
(14.4)
46.6
(8.1)
69.9
(21.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 33.2
(0.7)
38.7
(3.7)
47.9
(8.8)
57.0
(13.9)
66.8
(19.3)
76.9
(24.9)
82.5
(28.1)
80.9
(27.2)
72.3
(22.4)
60.6
(15.9)
46.7
(8.2)
36.3
(2.4)
58.32
(14.63)
Average low °F (°C) 22.5
(−5.3)
27.2
(−2.7)
35.9
(2.2)
44.3
(6.8)
55.4
(13)
65.5
(18.6)
70.6
(21.4)
68.8
(20.4)
60.5
(15.8)
47.9
(8.8)
35.4
(1.9)
26.0
(−3.3)
46.7
(8.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.18
(30)
1.54
(39.1)
3.13
(79.5)
3.59
(91.2)
4.84
(122.9)
4.35
(110.5)
3.11
(79)
3.18
(80.8)
3.80
(96.5)
2.96
(75.2)
2.57
(65.3)
1.59
(40.4)
35.84
(910.3)
Source: Weatherbase.com [5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 406
1910 524 29.1%
1920 846 61.5%
1930 658 −22.2%
1940 661 0.5%
1950 620 −6.2%
1960 510 −17.7%
1970 618 21.2%
1980 632 2.3%
1990 555 −12.2%
2000 436 −21.4%
2010 509 16.7%
Est. 2014 508 [6] −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 436 people, 176 households, and 123 families residing in the town. The population density was 687.2 people per square mile (267.2/km2). There were 210 housing units at an average density of 331.0 per square mile (128.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.45% White, 6.65% Native American, and 3.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.29% of the population.

There were 176 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,481, and the median income for a family was $40,375. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $17,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,671. About 9.6% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

  • Henry Bellmon, former Oklahoma Governor was born in Tonkawa, but raised in Billings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c Jerry H. McKeown, "Billings," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Monthly Station Normals of Temperature, Precipitation, and Heating and Cooling Degree Days 1971 - 2000" (PDF). National Climatic Data Center. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]