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Birstonas by air 1rhb.jpg
Coat of arms of Birštonas
Coat of arms
Birštonas is located in Lithuania
Location of Birštonas
Coordinates: 54°36′10″N 24°1′14.0″E / 54.60278°N 24.020556°E / 54.60278; 24.020556Coordinates: 54°36′10″N 24°1′14.0″E / 54.60278°N 24.020556°E / 54.60278; 24.020556
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSuvalkija
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
MunicipalityBirštonas municipality
Capital ofBirštonas municipality
First mentioned1382
Granted city rights1529
 • MayorNijolė Dirginčienė
 • Total2,646
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Birštonas (About this soundpronunciation ; Yiddish: בירשטאןBirshton) is a balneological resort and a spa town in Lithuania situated 30 km (19 mi) south of Kaunas on the right bank of the Nemunas River. Birštonas received its city rights 1529, and was appointed a city in 1966. The city is the administrative centre of the Birštonas municipality.


Birštonas is the Lithuanian name of the city. Versions of the name in other languages include Polish: Birsztany, Russian: Бирштаны Birshtany, Belarusian: Біршта́ны Birshtany, Yiddish: בירשטאן Birshtan.


Birštonas was mentioned for the first time in the fourteenth century as a "homestead at salty water." It was mentioned in chronicles of the Teutonic Knights in 1382 and described as "a farmstead at the salty water". Many Lithuanian dukes and other noblemen vacationed in Birštonas during 14th and 16th centuries to hunt. The resort was founded in 1846. Many people from Russian, Polish, and Lithuanian cities visited sanitoriums for the area's mineral water and to receive curative mud applications, including Lithuanian writer Balys Sruoga, who was ill after the Stutthof concentration camp, beatified Teofilius Matulionis, after his imprisonment in Soviet camps and prisons for 16 years.


Birštonas is surrounded by pine forests and the Nemunas River, which is very good for the ill. Some hills offer nice views of the Nemunas River. There are also shops, police department, library, theatre, clinic, pharmacy, book store, schools, museums, cafes, restaurants and the City Hall. There are many apartments and rare houses. Birštonas serves as a center of the Nemunas Loops Regional Park.


Birštonas is accessed by national status roads from Kaunas, Vilnius, and Marijampolė. It is served by Kaunas International Airport, the second largest airport in Lithuania, located in Karmėlava site.


Birštonas holds several festivals. The Birštonas town festival is held during the second weekend of June. It features concerts, folk art exhibits, and air balloon and motorboat races.

On the last weekend of March Birštonas hosts a traditional, Lithuania's oldest international jazz festival, called Birštonas. Since 1980, the jazz festival coming here every two years have long earned the resort a name of the Lithuanian jazz Mecca.[1]


Panorama of the Nemunas river

Birštonas is known for its mineral water. This water is used by sanatoriums for mineral water pools and baths. There are three large sanatoriums in Birštonas – Tulpė (English: Tulip), Versmė (English: Spring) and Eglė (English: Medical SPA "Eglės" sanatorija). All of them offer halotherapy, therapeutic mud bathes, mineral water pools, baths, massages, and a wide range of curative procedures. Birštonas also has hotels and country farmsteads, adapted for rural tourism. Local attractions include Vytautas hill, where a Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas had his hunting mansion; two museums; and the Promenade, a path near the Nemunas River. Cycling in local Žvėrinčius forest, riding a horse, sailing, sculling, or canoeing along the Verknė or the Nemunas rivers are available. Birštonas is one of Lithuania's few resorts.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns - sister cities[edit]

Birštonas is twinned with:

Image gallery[edit]


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