Bridge Murder case
|Date||February 23 – March 6, 1931|
|Venue||Criminal Court Building|
|Location||Kansas City, Missouri|
|Also known as||Bridge Table Murder case|
|Motive||Self-defense after physical abuse|
|Target||John G. Bennett|
|Suspects||Myrtle Adkins Bennett|
The Bridge Murder case, also known as the Bridge Table Murder case, was the trial of Myrtle Adkins Bennett (born March 20, 1895, in Tillar, Arkansas), a Kansas City housewife, for the murder of her husband John G. Bennett over a game of contract bridge in September 1929.
Myrtle and John spent much of Sunday, September 29, 1929, with their upstairs neighbors, Charles and Myrna Hofman. The husbands played a round of golf at the Indian Hills Country Club that morning, and then went back to the links that afternoon with their wives joining them. At dusk, they returned to the Bennett apartment at 902 Ward Parkway in the Country Club District of Kansas City. After sharing dinner, they sat down to a game of bridge in the Bennett living room, the couples playing as partners, the Hofmans versus the Bennetts. After midnight, as the Hofmans began to pull ahead, the Bennetts began to bicker. In the ultimate hand, John failed to make his four spades contract and Myrtle, frustrated by the failure, called him "a bum bridge player". He stood and slapped her in the face several times, and announced he was leaving. He said he would spend the night in a motel in Saint Joseph, Missouri. As he packed his bag, and moved from room to room, he mocked his wife. Myrtle told the Hofmans, "Only a cur would strike a woman in front of guests."
After an ongoing argument, John Bennett went to pack a suitcase as he told Myrtle to retrieve the handgun he typically carried on the road for protection. Myrtle walked down the hall to the bedroom of her mother, Alice Adkins. Still sobbing, Myrtle reached into a drawer with linens and pulled out his .32 Colt semi automatic, and walked into the den. There, she brushed past Charles Hofman, and shot at John's back twice in the bathroom of the apartment. John escaped into the hallway, but fell to the floor in their living room.
Myrtle Bennett was tried by Judge Ralph S. Latshaw. The trial began on February 23, 1931, and lasted eleven days. Her defence was James A. Reed, former three-term U.S. Senator and onetime Democratic presidential candidate. Reed showed jurors that John Bennett had been previously violent and abusive, and attempted to explain that Mrs Bennett was either insane or acted in self-defence. The judge disallowed the prosecution, James R. Page, to submit John Bennett's nephew Byrd Rice, as he was not on the original list of witnesses. After an eight-hour deliberation, the jury returned a not guilty verdict. The prosecution's assistant, John Hill, said, "It looks like an open season on husbands."
The case caught the public imagination, and was subject to press attention by the New York Journal, not for the trial itself, but for the bridge game. The case was a media sensation and a flashpoint in the bridge craze sweeping the nation. The Journal invited speculation from bridge experts, including Sidney Lenz, on the game, what hands had been played, and whether different play, or alternative hands, would have prevented the murder. None of the people present in the apartment at the time later recalled exactly what the hands were. When the case came to trial, Myrtle Bennett was defended by former U.S. Senator James A. Reed.
Ely Culbertson, the Barnum of the bridge movement, watched the trial closely from New York. Culbertson used the Bennett tragedy to his advantage. He sold bridge and himself, telling housewives that the game was a great way to defuse the marital tensions pent-up in daily life. He told housewives that, at the bridge table, they could be their husbands' equal, and more.
Culbertson wrote about the killing and trial in his new magazine, The Bridge World. In packed halls on the lecture circuit, he analyzed the so-called "Fatal Hand" – even as he knew the details were fabricated. In lectures, Culbertson suggested that if only the Bennetts had been playing the Culbertson System of bidding, then 36-year-old John Bennett might still have been alive.
Life after the trial
Only 35 years old at the time of her acquittal, Myrtle Bennett lived for another 61 years, dying at the age of 96 in Miami, Florida, in January 1992. She had moved into obscurity soon after the trial, her name fading from headlines. She never remarried, nor did she have children. After World War II and throughout the 1950s, she worked as executive head of housekeeping at the elegant Hotel Carlyle in New York City, living alone there in an apartment. At the Carlyle, she developed friendships with the rich and famous, including the actors Mary Pickford and her husband Buddy Rogers, and also Henry Ford II.
The widow Bennett later traveled the world, working for a hotel chain, and played bridge until nearly the end of her life. In an interview with the author Gary Pomerantz, Myrtle Bennett's cousin, Carolyn Scruggs of Arkansas, said that Mrs. Bennett never spoke with her about the shooting. Once, though, Ms. Scruggs told Mrs. Bennett, "I sometimes think of your life –" But Myrtle Bennett interrupted, and said, "Well, my dear, it was a great tragedy and a great mistake." Scruggs stammered to say, "I guess I want you to know that I understand it." But Myrtle Bennett said, "No, my dear, you don't understand it."
At the time of her 1992 death, Myrtle Bennett's estate was valued at more than $1 million. With no direct descendants, she left most of the money to family members of John Bennett, the husband she had killed more than six decades before.
- William M. Reddig (1986). Tom's town: Kansas City and the Pendergast legend. University of Missouri Press. pp. 192–193. ISBN 0-8262-0498-8.
- Granovetter, Matthew (1999). Murder at the Bridge Table. Master Point Press. pp. 5–6. ISBN 978-1-894-15411-6.
- "Bridge Club news". Everett, Washington Herald. August 7, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
- "Bring Bridge Back to the Table". The New York Times. November 27, 2005. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
- The Kansas City Star, The Kansas City Times and The Kansas City Journal-Post. February 22, 1931 to March 7, 1931
- Dan Bessie (2000). "Battle of the century". Rare birds: an American family. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 79–80. ISBN 0-8131-2179-5.
- The Bridge World, December 1929
- The San Francisco Call-Bulletin, April 24, 1931
- Pomerantz, Gary (2009). The Devil's Tickets. Crown. ISBN 978-1-4000-5162-5.
- Andrew Ward (2002). "A Bridge Table Murder". Bridge's strangest hands. Robson. pp. 17–21. ISBN 1-86105-565-X.
- Barbara Mikkelson (2008-12-26). "The Bennett Murder". Urban Legends Reference Pages.
- "The Bennett Murder". Bridge Guys.
- Daniels, David. The Golden Age of Contract Bridge. New York: Stein and Day, 1980. ISBN 0-8128-2576-4. pp. 179–184.
- Chicago Tribune. "Slaps Wife in Bridge Game; She Kills Him." 1 October 1929, p. 1.
- The New York Times. "Wife Kills Husband in Bridge Game Spat." 29 September 1929, p. 5.
- The New York Times. "Says Bennett Murder Followed Bridge Row." 27 February 1931, p. 3.
- The New York Times. "Wife Is Acquitted in Bridge Slaying." 7 March 1931, p. 5.
- Gary Pomerantz website, author of related nonfiction book The Devil's Tickets.