Psychic bid (also psych, pronounced to rhyme with like) is a bid in contract bridge that grossly misstates the power and/or suit lengths of one's hand. It is used deliberately to deceive the opponents. Normally, the psychic bid is made with a weak hand, overstating its overall strength, the length and strength in a particular suit, or both. (The noun is occasionally misspelled as psyche, through confusion with Psyche, a character in a myth concerning Venus and Cupid.)
As an early frequent user of the technique, Dorothy Rice Sims is often thought to be the originator of the psychic bid; however, according to bridge player and writer, Albert Morehead, "She did not actually invent the psychic bid, though it is generally credited to her, but she did give it its name and she wrote the first and only book about it." and is regarded as having coined the term "psychic".
♠ Q6432 ♥ 73 ♦ 1053 ♣ J83
After two successive passes, this hand might be opened with 1♠ as a psych, trying to stop opponents from reaching a likely game or even slam. Some might open with a 1♥ psych, to confuse matters further. Of course, there is always a danger that the partner will double the opponents on the basis of opener's presumed strength, or support the psychic opening at too high a level.
♠ AQ3 ♥ AJ9 ♦ 53 ♣ QJ852
North opens 1♣ and South can see that game in notrump is probably the best prospect. South might support clubs directly, bid 2NT, or temporize with 1♥ or 1♠. But South might instead bid 1♦, a psych that attempts to talk the opponents out of a diamond lead against 3NT.
♠ 53 ♥ J42 ♦ KQJ1083 ♣ 106
Some psychic bids are so common that they are often referred to as mini-psychs. For example, many would consider a hand such as ♠ 53 ♥ Q642 ♦ QJ85 ♣ 1084 to be an automatic 1♠ bid after partner opens 1♥ and the right-hand opponent doubles for takeout—it is made in an attempt to talk the opponents out of their likely spade fit, subsequently escaping to 3♥ if necessary.
Per rules of the game, the partner of a player who has psyched must not take advantage of any special knowledge of the partnership's habits. So a partnership that uses occasional psychic bids must take care to ensure full disclosure — not only of its formal bidding system but also of its habits. For example, if a partnership tends to psych under certain circumstances, it is much better prepared to recognize a psych, and to cope with it, than are its opponents. The game's Laws and Proprieties therefore require disclosure of the partnership's tendency.
In duplicate bridge, sponsoring organizations often impose a number of restrictions on psychic bids. For example, psychs of strong artificial opening bids (such as strong two clubs) are not allowed by the American Contract Bridge League (ACBL). In addition, if the partner is perceived to have bid abnormally due to taking account of a psych, then the score may be adjusted. Also, if the partnership has an agreement about a "check bid" or psychic control, used to verify the psych, such convention is referred to as a brown sticker and may be banned from certain levels of competition.
- Bridge Beat 23, Dorothy Rice Sims. ACBL. February 22, 2012. Retrieved 2014-11-16. With photo.
- "Contract Bridge: Bridge Loses Last of Its Most Colorful Foursome, Dorothy Rice Sims". Albert Hodges Morehead. The New York Times. March 26, 1960. Page 18.
- Vanderbilt, Harold S. (July 1929). Contract Bridge: Bidding and the Club Convention. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 143–144. ASIN B000857ZZU.
- Harold S. Vanderbilt refers to "bluff bidding", one type of psychic bidding, in his 1929 book Contract Bridge.
- "Bridge" (untitled column). Alan Truscott. The New York Times. May 26, 1994. Retrieved 2014-11-16. The column is illustrated by a deal from the 1930s, featuring a "psychic" bid by Mrs. Sims. The linked archive copy (nytimes.com) does not include the crucial diagram.
- "Bridge" (untitled column). Alan Truscott. The New York Times. August 23, 1997. Retrieved 2014-11-16. The linked archive copy does not include the crucial diagram of a recent deal featuring David Berah.
- "BRIDGE; The Treachery That Lurks In Psychic Bidders' Hearts". Alan Truscott. The New York Times. April 15, 2000. Retrieved 2014-11-16. The linked archive copy does not include the crucial diagram of a deal featuring David Berah in the 1964 South American Championships (team Venezuela).
- Some authorities disagree with this approach, stating that such a prohibition amounts to giving the force of law to the personal preferences of bridge administrators. However, to do so is not illegal, because the Laws give sponsoring organizations the right to regulate the use of conventions. How Would You Rule?, Bridge World Magazine, 1978, page 43.
- Sims, Dorothy Rice (1932). Psychic Bidding. New York: Vanguard Press. LCCN 32014125. OCLC 4311409.
- Karpin, Fred (1960). Psychological Strategy in Contract Bridge. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers. LCCN 60-10409.
- Mollo, Victor (1978). The Finer Arts of Bridge: a textbook of psychology. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0 5711 1200 5.
- Kelsey, Hugh (1982). Deceptive Plays in Bridge. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 0 7091 9992 9.