Burgos, Ilocos Norte

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Burgos
Municipality
Cape Bojeador Lighthouse
Cape Bojeador Lighthouse
Official seal of Burgos
Seal
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of Burgos
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of Burgos
Burgos is located in Philippines
Burgos
Burgos
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°31′N 120°39′E / 18.52°N 120.65°E / 18.52; 120.65Coordinates: 18°31′N 120°39′E / 18.52°N 120.65°E / 18.52; 120.65
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Ilocos Norte
District 1st District
Barangays 11
Government[1]
 • Mayor Crescente N. Garcia
Area[2]
 • Total 128.90 km2 (49.77 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 9,777
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2918
IDD:area code +63 (0)77
Income class 5th class; rural
Website www.burgosilocosnorte.gov.ph

Burgos is a fifth class municipality in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines, the most north-western town on the island of Luzon. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 9,777 people.[3]

It was formerly known as Nagpartian[4] and was renamed after the martyred priest José Burgos who was born in the Ilocos Region.

History[edit]

The town was first known as Nagparitan, the early inhabitants were called Mumburi and known as a wild and fierce people who prevented the Christianized natives from settling in the vicinity. When the Spaniards came to the area, the people staged a revolt, captured the priest and mutilated his body. Because of this incident, the Spaniards change the name of Nagparitan, meaning prohibit, to Nagpartian which means the place of slaughter.

In 1903, Nagpartian was then fused with the Municipality of Bangui because of the unstable condition due to low collection of government taxes. On February 28, 1914, by virtue of a legislative act, Nagpartian was renamed Burgos in honor of one of the three martyred priest, Fr, Jose Burgos. Seńor Juan Ignacio was the first Presidente Municipal of the town.

Majority of people in the municipality are engaged in the production of commercial crops like rice, garlic, tomato, mongo and corn. However, aside from producing agricultural products, most of them also venture into fishing, livestock and swine-raisin, rice milling, and cottage industries like furniture and hollow-blocks making, smelting, salt-making, and mat weaving.

The town is endowed with scenic and tourist-attracting shores or coastline – from plain white beaches in Barangays. Paayas and Bobon to rugged and sharp cliffs naturally formed through the centuries like Gagamtan Cliff in Barangay Bayog, and Kapur-purawan Cliff in Barangay Saoit. The Digging Falls is another pride of the town, with a beautiful cascade at the boundary of Barangays Ablan and Buduan, certainly a perfect place for local and foreign tourist to spend their summer escapade.

Another worth-mentioning tourist attraction is the historic Cape Bojeador Lighthouse, built during the latter part of the 19th century. Located on a top of a hill overlooking the vast expanse of the China Sea, it serves as a beacon light to passing ships and to local fishermen. Because of its high elevation, it offers travelers with a panoramic view of the rugged coastline of Burgos.

Geography[edit]

Burgos is bounded to the north by South China Sea; Bangui in the east and in the south, Pasuquin and Vintar. It has a total land area of 49.77 sq mi. It is situated in the north coast of Ilocos Norte. Burgos has the largest wind farm in the Philippines.

Barangays[edit]

Burgos is politically subdivided into 11 barangays.[2]

  • Ablan (Buraan)
  • Agaga
  • Bayog
  • Bobon
  • Buduan (Malituek)
  • Nagsurot
  • Paayas
  • Pagali
  • Poblacion (Ili)
  • Saoit
  • Tanap

Climate[edit]

Burgoes has a Tropical savanna climate with warm to hot weather year-round.

Climate data for Burgos (2011)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
29
(84)
30
(86)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
27
(81)
30.9
(87.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
27
(81)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
26.1
(78.9)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
18
(64)
20
(68)
20
(68)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
21.3
(70.2)
Source: [5]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Burgos
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 7,643 —    
1995 8,227 +1.39%
2000 8,534 +0.79%
2007 8,765 +0.37%
2010 9,687 +3.71%
2015 9,777 +0.18%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Burgos, Ilocos Norte, was 9,777 people,[3] with a density of 76 inhabitants per square kilometre or 200 inhabitants per square mile.

Local government[edit]

As of the election 2013-2016, these are the elected officials of Burgos:

  • Mayor: Cresente N. Garcia
  • Vice Mayor: Rey G. Espejo
  • Councilors:
    • Rodolfo L. Garcia
    • Kervin G. Guinto
    • Cafrialdes M. Guinto
    • Francis A. Calapini
    • Marie Jette S. Perez
    • Almirante R. Espejo
    • Efren A. Saguiguit
    • Joseph B. Jimenez

Government seal[edit]

Burgos Ilocos Norte.png

Shield, derived from the Provincial Seal of Ilocos Norte.

Lighthouse, represents the Cape Bojeador Lighthouse, the main tourist attraction in the town.

Light, serves as guide to shipping vessels cruising the China Sea.

Mountain and Sea, depict the geographical location and the territorial limits of the municipality.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Burgos Wind Farm is the second and largest wind farm in the Philippines. It started generating electricity on November 9, 2014.
  • Cape Bojeador Lighthouse, also known as Burgos Lighthouse, is a cultural heritage structure in Burgos established during the Spanish Colonial times.
  • Kapurpurawan Rocks are rock formations created by forces of the ocean on the rocky coast of Burgos, located just a few minutes further from the lighthouse.
  • Kaangrian Falls is a multi-tiered stair like formation with the water cascading on every step until it drops to a pool below.
  • Avis Falls, the most dangerous falls in Burgos, that has a steep route to the top of the mountain, but in contrast, it is arguably the best of the falls to visit.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Ilocos Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Burgos, Ilocos Norte, retrieved 2012
  5. ^ . Wunderground http://www.wunderground.com/history/station/98233/2011/12/26/MonthlyHistory.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Province of Ilocos Norte". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 

External links[edit]