California, Maryland

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California, Maryland
CDP
Location of California, Maryland
Location of California, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°18′20″N 76°29′40″W / 38.30556°N 76.49444°W / 38.30556; -76.49444Coordinates: 38°18′20″N 76°29′40″W / 38.30556°N 76.49444°W / 38.30556; -76.49444
Country United States
State Maryland
County St. Mary's
Area
 • Total 14.8 sq mi (38.3 km2)
 • Land 12.8[1] sq mi (33.5 km2)
 • Water 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
Elevation 105 ft (33 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,857[1]
 • Density 928/sq mi (358.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 20619
Area code(s) 301/240
FIPS code 24-12150
GNIS feature ID 0594621

California is a census-designated place and community in St. Mary's County, Maryland, United States. The population was 11,857 at the 2010 census, an increase of 27.4% from the 2000 census.[1] California continues to grow with the spread of population out from the older adjacent community of Lexington Park and the growth in both technology-related and defense-related jobs at the Patuxent River Naval Air Station. There are department stores and numerous shopping centers situated along Maryland Highway 235 ("Three Notch Road"). Maryland Route 4 crosses Highway 235 in California, providing access to the wide Governor Thomas Johnson Bridge and the popular weekend resort town of Solomons, Maryland on the opposite side. Bridge-bound traffic is infamous for backing up during rush hour. The McKay's Food and Drug Supermarket closed in 2013 in favor of renovation of the Hollywood location with parts from the store.

History[edit]

The community was named after the state of California.[2]

Geography[edit]

California is located at 38°18′20″N 76°29′40″W / 38.305506°N 76.494517°W / 38.305506; -76.494517.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, California has a total area of 14.8 square miles (38 km2), of which, 12.8 square miles (33 km2) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) of it (12.64%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 5,770
1990 7,626 32.2%
2000 9,307 22.0%
2010 11,857 27.4%
source:[1][4]

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,857 people residing in California in 4,327 households. The population density was 928.1 people per square mile (358.3/km²). There were 4,697 housing units and a 71.8% home ownership rate. The racial makeup was 70.7% White, 18.3% Black, 5.7% Hispanic or Latino, 4.6% Asian, 0.5% Indigenous American, and 0.1% Pacific Islander.[1]

Of the 4,327 households 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 57.2% had married couples, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.31.[5]

The population consisted of 29.8% under the age of 20, 6.6% from 20 to 24, 17.7% from 25 to 34, 17.7% from 25 to 34, 17.3% from 35 to 44, 11.4% from 45 to 54, 10.5% from 55 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. The population was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.[6]

The median household income was $85,240, and the median family income for a was $91,935. Male full-time year-round workers had a median income of $63,657 versus $44,390 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $35,386. Just 0.8% of families and 3.1% of people were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of people under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "California CDP, Maryland". State and County Quick Facts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Towns named after states". Reading Eagle. Jul 2, 1897. p. 3. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  5. ^ "California CDP, Maryland Quicklinks - Social Characteristics". State and County Quick Facts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "California CDP, Maryland Quicklinks - Demographic Characteristics". State and County Quick Facts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "California CDP, Maryland Quicklinks - Economic Characteristics". State and County Quick Facts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 May 2012.