The historic Canungra Hotel
|Population||1,229 (2016 census)|
|• Density||36.25/km2 (93.90/sq mi)|
|Area||33.9 km2 (13.1 sq mi)|
|LGA(s)||Scenic Rim Region|
|State electorate(s)||Scenic Rim|
Canungra // is a small rural town and locality in the Scenic Rim Region local government area of South East Queensland, Australia. Its economy depends on tourism, being a popular destination for short drives from the Gold Coast and Brisbane. Canungra, also called the "Valley of the Owls", is situated in the Gold Coast hinterland, 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of the Gold Coast and 75 kilometres (47 mi) south of Brisbane. At the 2016 census, Canungra had a population of 1229.
One of the origins of the town's name comes from the Aboriginal word for small owls, "Caningera". The most notable owl found in the area is the Australian boobook owl, which appears in various logos and symbols associated with Canungra. In 2005, the local Post Office released a special limited-release frank featuring Canungra and the boobook owl. However the word Cunungra comes from the Yugambeh word gungunga meaning "a long flat or clearing".
Residents and businesses in Canungra get their water supply from the Canungra Creek, a tributary of the Albert River. The slopes around Canungra are steep and forested, with some cleared farmlands and rural homes in the flatter valley areas.
Canungra owes its existence to the timber industry and once boasted one of the largest stands of timber in the colony. David Lahey, the father of Romeo Lahey, owned one of Queensland's largest sawmills at Canungra (Lahey's Canungra Sawmill). By the 1940s most of the timber had been cut and sawmills were closing. The historic Laheys Tramway Tunnel is the only remnant of the past sawmilling activities in the area. Following this logging era came beef cattle and dairying.
Canungra has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 13-15 Appel Street: Former Canungra Ambulance Station 
- 31 Appel Street: Uniting Church 
- 1-3 Christie Street: Canungra War Memorial 
- Darlington Range Road: Lahey's Canungra Tramway Tunnel
- 10–26 Finch Road: Lahey's Canungra Sawmill
- 15-21 Kidston Street: St Luke's Anglican Church 
- 33-41 Kidston Street: Canungra Police Station Reserve 
- 51-57 Kidston Street: St Margaret Mary's Catholic Church 
- Showground Road: Canungra Sports and Recreation Ground (entry gates) 
The nearby locality of Witheren is the location of a large military establishment called the Kokoda Barracks within the Canungra Military Area, which includes the Land Warfare Centre. It was established during World War II and revived in 1954 to train personnel for the South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) commitment in Malaya and on through to the end of the Vietnam War. The base provides a substantial permanent resident population as well as an ever-changing transient population due to the extensive ongoing training courses on offer at the base.
The Scenic Rim Regional Council Library Service operates a branch library at 12 Kidston Street Canungra and provides access to public wifi. Current opening hours and services can be found at the Scenic Rim Regional Council website. Available collections and online resources can be accessed from the online library catalogue.
The town is home to a small but growing wine industry.
Canungra is nestled in the middle of the four major tourist destinations, and is the gateway to the Gold Coast hinterland; Mount Tamborine, Lamington National Park, O'Reilly's Guesthouse and Binna Burra. The township is also a meeting place for motor bike club rides, hanggliders, paragliders, birdwatchers and bushwalkers who visit the area annually to take advantage of what the Canungra Valley has to offer. A rodeo is organised each year in July.
- Des Bartlett, wildlife film maker, born in Canungra
- Bill Hunter
- May Darlington Lahey (1889 - 1984), lawyer and judge, born in Canungra
- Robert Raymond, born in Canungra
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Canungra (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
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- "Canungra - town in Scenic Rim Region (entry 6109)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- "Canungra - locality in Scenic Rim Region (entry 45124)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- Roberts, Beryl (1991). Stories of the Southside. Archerfield, Queensland: Aussie Books. p. 57. ISBN 0-947336-01-X.
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- Hutton, Drew; Libby Connors (1999). History of the Australian Environment Movement. Cambridge University Press. p. 33. ISBN 052145686X. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Queensland Environmental Protection Agency (2000). Heritage Trails of the Great South East. State of Queensland. p. 16. ISBN 0-7345-1008-X.
- The Canungra and Pine Creek Logging Tramway Burke, David Australia Railway Historical Society Bulletin, May/June 1950,pp8-10/24-25
- The Canungra Branch Milne, Rod Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, January 1993 pp12-19
- "THE FORESTRY PROBLEM". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 19 June 1922. p. 7. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Fire Destroys School of Arts". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 4 March 1946. p. 3. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Canungra War Memorial". Queensland War Memorial Register. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- "Local Heritage Register" (PDF). Scenic Rim Regional Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- "Lahey's Canungra Tramway Tunnel (entry 602529)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Lahey's Canungra Sawmill Complex (entry 700002)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Queensland Public Library Directory". Public Libraries Connect. 28 April 2014. Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Libraries - Scenic Rim Regional Council". Scenic Rim Regional Council. Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Scenic Rim Library Homepage". Scenic Rim Regional Council Library Service. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Canungra". Scenic Rim Regional Council. Archived from the original on 10 July 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- "Close encounters of the natural kind: Des Bartlett, 1937-2009". Sydney Morning Herald. 16 November 2009. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
- The University of Melbourne. "Lahey, May - Biographical entry - Australian Women Lawyers as Active Citizens". www.womenaustralia.info. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
- "Robert Raymond's AustLit profile". AustLit. 5 June 2007. Archived from the original on 9 September 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2007.
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