Chemung, New York

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Chemung, New York
Town
Chemung is located in New York
Chemung
Chemung
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°2′11″N 76°37′40″W / 42.03639°N 76.62778°W / 42.03639; -76.62778
Country United States
State New York
County Chemung
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor George Richter (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 50.0 sq mi (129.6 km2)
 • Land 49.5 sq mi (128.2 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,563
 • Density 52/sq mi (20.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14825
Area code(s) 607
FIPS code 36-15077
GNIS feature ID 0978818
Website townofchemung.com

Chemung is a town in Chemung County, New York, United States. The population was 2,563 at the 2010 census.[1] The town name is derived from the Chemung River, which means "Big Horn" in the native language.

The town is in the southeast corner of the county and is southeast of Elmira. It is part of the Elmira Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The region was destroyed by the Sullivan Expedition on August 13, 1779,[2] which fought at the Battle of Newtown, just west of the current town of Chemung.

The first clear record of settlement dates to about 1786.

The town of Chemung was established in 1788 as the original town in the region. Chemung lost territory when Tioga County was formed in 1791. The town of Newtown (now the town of Elmira) was taken from Chemung in 1792. Chemung was incorporated in 1798 into Montgomery County, at the time of that county's formation. (Chemung County was not created until 1836.) Subsequently, the town of Chemung lost more territory to form all or parts of Erin (1822), Baldwin (1856), and Ashland (1867).

The Chemung District School No. 10, Dr. Hovey Everett House, and Riverside Cemetery are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Chemung has a total area of 50.0 square miles (129.6 km2), of which 49.5 square miles (128.2 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 1.12%, is water.[1] The Chemung River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows through the south part of the town.

The south border of the town is Pennsylvania (Bradford County), and the east border is Tioga County, New York.

The Southern Tier Expressway (Interstate 86 and New York State Route 17) and New York State Route 427 are east-west highways in Chemung.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,327
1830 1,462 10.2%
1840 2,377 62.6%
1850 2,673 12.5%
1860 2,128 −20.4%
1870 1,907 −10.4%
1880 2,098 10.0%
1890 1,610 −23.3%
1900 1,500 −6.8%
1910 1,328 −11.5%
1920 1,147 −13.6%
1930 1,285 12.0%
1940 1,363 6.1%
1950 1,553 13.9%
1960 1,842 18.6%
1970 2,156 17.0%
1980 2,436 13.0%
1990 2,540 4.3%
2000 2,665 4.9%
2010 2,563 −3.8%
Est. 2014 2,523 [5] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
The former Erie Railroad station in Chemung as seen in February 2012

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 2,665 people, 969 households, and 749 families residing in the town. The population density was 53.9 people per square mile (20.8/km²). There were 1,054 housing units at an average density of 21.3 per square mile (8.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.64% White, 0.53% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 969 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,167, and the median income for a family was $37,885. Males had a median income of $29,844 versus $22,958 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,201. About 8.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 1.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and location in Chemung[edit]

  • Beantown – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on County Road 3.
  • Chemung – The hamlet of Chemung is located near the south town line. The community is adjacent to the Southern Tier Expressway and the Chemung River.
  • Mallory Creek – A stream flowing past Owens Mills into Wynkoop Creek.
  • Owens Mills – A hamlet near the center of the town on County Road 23.
  • Wynkoop Creek – A stream on the west side of town flowing past Bean Town and entering the Chemung River near Chemung village.

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chemung town, Chemung County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ Fitzpatrick, John C. (1937). The Writings of George Washington (Vol. 16 ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 160. 
  3. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  4. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/19/12 through 11/23/12. National Park Service. 2012-11-30. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°00′30″N 76°37′26″W / 42.00833°N 76.62389°W / 42.00833; -76.62389