Tioga County, New York

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Tioga County
Tioga County Courthouse
Tioga County Courthouse
Official seal of Tioga County
Map of New York highlighting Tioga County
Location within the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°10′N 76°18′W / 42.17°N 76.30°W / 42.17; -76.30Coordinates: 42°10′N 76°18′W / 42.17°N 76.30°W / 42.17; -76.30
Country United States
State New York
Founded1791
SeatOwego
Largest villageWaverly
Area
 • Total523 sq mi (1,350 km2)
 • Land519 sq mi (1,340 km2)
 • Water4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  0.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total48,455 [1]
 • Density93.4/sq mi (36.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts22nd, 23rd
Websitewww.tiogacountyny.com

Tioga County /tˈɡə/ is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 48,455.[2] Its county seat is Owego.[3] Its name derives from an American Indian word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place.

Tioga County is part of the Binghamton, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting-off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

Tioga County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Herkimer and Otsego Counties) in 1791. Tioga County was at this time much larger than the present county, also including the present Broome and Chemung counties and parts of Chenango and Schuyler counties.

Tioga County was reduced in size in 1798 by the splitting-off of Chemung County (which also included part of the present Schuyler County and by the combination of a portion with a portion of Herkimer County to create Chenango County. In 1806 it was further reduced by the splitting-off of Broome County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 523 square miles (1,350 km2), of which 519 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4]

Tioga County is in southwest New York State, west of Binghamton and directly north of the border with Pennsylvania. The Susquehanna River flows into Pennsylvania from this county. The county is considered part of the Southern Tier region of New York State.

The highest elevation is an unnamed 1,994-foot (608 m) hill in the county's northern corner. The lowest is 720 feet (220 m) on the state line where the Susquehanna flows into Pennsylvania.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18007,109
18107,89911.1%
182016,971114.8%
183027,69063.2%
184020,527−25.9%
185024,88021.2%
186028,74815.5%
187030,5726.3%
188032,6736.9%
189029,935−8.4%
190027,951−6.6%
191025,624−8.3%
192024,212−5.5%
193025,4805.2%
194027,0726.2%
195030,16611.4%
196037,80225.3%
197046,51323.0%
198049,8127.1%
199052,3375.1%
200051,784−1.1%
201051,125−1.3%
202048,455−5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[2]

2020 Census[edit]

Tioga County Racial Composition[9]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 44,195 91.2%
Black or African American (NH) 434 0.9%
Native American (NH) 62 0.12%
Asian (NH) 370 0.8%
Pacific Islander (NH) 12 0.02%
Other/Mixed (NH) 2,265 4.7%
Hispanic or Latino 1,117 2.3%

2010[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 51,125 people living in the county, with 22,203 housing units, of these 20,350 (91.3%) occupied, 1,853 (8.3%) vacant. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 51,784 people, 19,725 households, and 14,320 families living in the county. The population density was 100 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 21,410 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.52% White, 0.54% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population. 16.6% were of German, 16.4% English, 14% Irish, 9.6% Italian, 5% Polish and 4% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 19,725 households, out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,266, and the median income for a family was $46,509. Males had a median income of $32,161 versus $23,653 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,673. About 6.0% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. There were 8,784 men of military age residing in the county.

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Hamlet[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Tioga County, New York[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,791 59.08% 9,634 38.48% 611 2.44%
2016 13,260 59.46% 7,526 33.75% 1,513 6.79%
2012 12,117 56.13% 8,930 41.36% 542 2.51%
2008 12,536 54.20% 10,172 43.98% 423 1.83%
2004 13,762 57.58% 9,694 40.56% 446 1.87%
2000 12,239 54.50% 9,170 40.83% 1,048 4.67%
1996 9,416 44.24% 8,769 41.20% 3,097 14.55%
1992 9,287 40.26% 7,791 33.78% 5,987 25.96%
1988 12,670 60.49% 8,102 38.68% 174 0.83%
1984 14,856 71.36% 5,860 28.15% 101 0.49%
1980 10,291 53.56% 6,690 34.82% 2,233 11.62%
1976 11,824 62.58% 6,969 36.89% 100 0.53%
1972 13,396 70.84% 5,470 28.93% 44 0.23%
1968 10,441 61.58% 5,336 31.47% 1,179 6.95%
1964 7,147 40.68% 10,411 59.26% 9 0.05%
1960 12,572 72.12% 4,855 27.85% 4 0.02%
1956 11,958 78.95% 3,188 21.05% 0 0.00%
1952 11,799 78.19% 3,259 21.60% 32 0.21%
1948 8,673 70.16% 3,385 27.38% 304 2.46%
1944 8,934 69.85% 3,831 29.95% 25 0.20%
1940 9,618 69.91% 4,081 29.66% 59 0.43%
1936 9,163 67.18% 4,305 31.56% 172 1.26%
1932 8,047 65.27% 4,067 32.99% 214 1.74%
1928 9,963 76.89% 2,779 21.45% 216 1.67%
1924 7,834 72.47% 2,234 20.67% 742 6.86%
1920 6,772 71.20% 2,406 25.30% 333 3.50%
1916 3,376 52.78% 2,748 42.96% 272 4.25%
1912 2,642 41.08% 2,400 37.31% 1,390 21.61%
1908 4,247 58.55% 2,706 37.30% 301 4.15%
1904 4,628 59.99% 2,840 36.82% 246 3.19%
1900 4,747 59.09% 3,037 37.80% 250 3.11%
1896 4,849 61.06% 2,824 35.56% 268 3.37%
1892 4,221 54.76% 2,923 37.92% 564 7.32%
1888 4,852 54.69% 3,609 40.68% 411 4.63%
1884 4,367 52.29% 3,379 40.46% 605 7.24%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Census 2020 Population Dataset Tables for New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Tioga County, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  9. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Tioga County, New York".
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 30, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]