Chuka Umunna

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Chuka Umunna
MP
Official portrait of Chuka Umunna crop 2 (cropped).jpg
Umunna in 2017
Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
In office
7 October 2011 – 13 September 2015
Leader Ed Miliband
Harriet Harman (Acting)
Jeremy Corbyn
Preceded by John Denham
Succeeded by Angela Eagle
Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Leader of the Opposition
In office
10 October 2010 – 23 May 2011
Serving with Anne McGuire
Leader Ed Miliband
Preceded by Desmond Swayne
Succeeded by Michael Dugher
Member of Parliament
for Streatham
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded by Keith Hill
Majority 26,285 (47.1%)
Personal details
Born Chuka Harrison Umunna
(1978-10-17) 17 October 1978 (age 40)
Lambeth, London, England
Political party Labour
Spouse(s)
Alice Sullivan (m. 2016)
Children 1
Alma mater University of Manchester
Nottingham Trent University
Website chuka.org.uk

Chuka Harrison Umunna (born 17 October 1978)[1] is a British Labour politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Streatham since 2010 and was Shadow Business Secretary from 2011 to 2015.[2][3][4][5]

Family[edit]

Umunna was born in London, England. His father Bennett, of the Nigerian Igbo ethnic group,[6] died in a road accident in Nigeria in 1992.[7] Umunna's mother, Patricia Milmo, a solicitor, is of English-Irish background.[6][8] Umunna's maternal grandparents were Joan Frances (Morley) and Sir Helenus Milmo QC, a prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials.[9] He is married to Alice Sullivan, an employment lawyer.[10] The couple have one child, born in 2017.[11]

Education[edit]

Umunna was educated at Hitherfield Primary School in Streatham, South London, and the Christ Church Primary School in Brixton Hill. He says his parents felt that the local state school had "given up on him" and as a result had moved him to the boys' independent senior school St Dunstan's College,[12] in Catford in south-east London, where he played the cello.[13] During this period he was also a chorister at Southwark Cathedral.[14] He was awarded an upper second class LLB in English and French Law from the University of Manchester; after graduating he studied for one term at the University of Burgundy in Dijon, before studying for an MA at Nottingham Trent.[15]

He has said that his politics and moral values come from Christianity, but that he is "not majorly religious".[16][17]

Legal career[edit]

After university, in 2002, he began work as a solicitor for the City of London firm Herbert Smith. In 2006 he joined Rochman Landau (now Ashfords LLP), specialising in employment law. From 2006 onwards, Umunna began to write and provide commentary on the Labour Party, as well as broader social and economic issues, usually in his capacity as a member of the Management Committee of the Labour-aligned Compass pressure group. He also wrote articles for the Financial Times, Tribune, The Voice, The Guardian and the New Statesman, and began to appear on various radio and television programmes as a commentator.[18][19] He founded and edited the online political magazine, The Multicultural Politic.[20] In 2007, he campaigned for Jon Cruddas' unsuccessful bid to become Labour deputy leader.

Political career[edit]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Umunna in 2009

In March 2008, Umunna was adopted as the Labour Party's prospective parliamentary candidate for Streatham.[21] At the 2010 general election, he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Streatham with a 3,259 majority;[22] he gave his maiden speech on 2 June 2010.[23] He took a particular interest in economic policy and reform of the City.

Umunna is associated with the Labour Friends of Israel; along with Liam Byrne, he made an official visit to Israel in October 2012 as part of the LFI’s UK-Israel Economic Dialogue group.[24][25]

Umunna increased his majority to 13,934 at the 2015 General Election, with 53% of the vote in his constituency.[26]

Umunna has described himself as being "One Nation Labour" and has written articles promoting the "Blue Labour" trend.[27][28] He has also described himself as a "modern European social democrat".[10]

Umunna argued that the Conservative-led Coalition Government (2010–2015) should revise its programme of fiscal consolidation, take a tougher stance with the British banking industry and take action to transform the credit ratings agency market.[29][30][31] Umunna was one of 73 Labour MPs to nominate Ed Miliband in the 2010 Labour leadership election to succeed Gordon Brown as party leader.[32]

Treasury Select Committee[edit]

In June 2010, he was elected as a member of the Treasury Select Committee.[33] In January 2011, Umunna questioned the chief executive of Barclays, Bob Diamond, in relation to alleged tax avoidance activities by the bank during which he disclosed that the bank used over 300 subsidiary companies in offshore jurisdictions.[34] In response to a question from Umunna, Diamond admitted in February 2011 that Barclays had paid £113m in UK corporation tax in 2009, despite making £11.6bn in profit.[35] He held this position until his appointment to Shadow Minister for Small Business and Enterprise.

Shadow Cabinet[edit]

In October 2010, following Miliband's election as party leader, Umunna was appointed to serve as his Parliamentary Private Secretary and, in May 2011, he was appointed to the position of Shadow Minister for Small Business and Enterprise until his promotion to the Shadow Cabinet.[36]

Umunna asking an urgent question on Employment Law, circa 2012

Umunna was promoted as Shadow Business Secretary on 7 October 2011, replacing John Denham, who announced his retirement from front-bench politics.[37] Following his appointment, Umunna re-affirmed Labour's commitment to introducing a graduate tax in place of university tuition fees. In January 2012, Umunna joined Ed Miliband and Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury Rachel Reeves in calling on PM David Cameron to block a £1.6m bonus for Stephen Hester, the chief executive officer of the publicly owned Royal Bank of Scotland Group.[38] During 2013, Umunna led claims that the Government's valuation of the Royal Mail during its privatisation had effectively "shortchanged" the taxpayer, a view supported by the significant rise in the share price following the sale and the subsequent summoning of bankers to a parliamentary investigation.[39][40]

In early April 2013, Umunna's law firm was linked to favourable updates made on his Wikipedia page in 2007, which included a reference to him being tipped as the "British Barack Obama".[41][42] In the same month, Umunna was criticised for comments he had made in his mid 20s on the exclusive social network ASmallWorld about the West End of London. Conservative MP Chris Heaton-Harris said the 2006 comments, describing people visiting nightclubs in the West End as "trash" and "c-list wannabes", showed a "lack of respect for the public"; Umunna stated that the comments were meant to have been "light-hearted in tone and context" but appreciated that "the choice of words used were not appropriate" and apologised for any offence.[4]

Umunna was accused of hypocrisy for accepting a £20,000 gift from a gambling executive despite campaigning against the spread of betting shops in his constituency and promising new powers to limit them.[43]

In early May 2014, Umunna raised concerns in Parliament[44] and public over the proposed takeover of AstraZeneca, by the American pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, on the grounds of ensuring British jobs and interests.[45] Despite assurances from Pfizer, Umunna went on to publicly denounce the proposed takeover proclaiming that Pfizer's assurances were "not worth the paper they were written on".[46] The takeover bid eventually fell through in late May 2014 after the AstraZeneca board rejected Pfizer's final offer.[47]

In May 2014, Umunna criticised fellow Shadow Health Secretary Andy Burnham's report into possible methods of restricting the sale and advertising of alcohol, unhealthy foods, and tobacco. He was quoted as having said that such courses of action as outlined in the report would be seen to be "anti-business and interventionist".[48]

Ummuna has argued for a British federal state on multiple occasions, and has said that progressives should not dismiss George Osborne's notion of a "Northern Powerhouse", arguing that greater devolution, federalisation of the UK Labour Party into individual Labour Parties representing each component nation of the UK, greater political autonomy for England in particular, more regional powers and "wholescale federalisation" are necessary to advance the Labour Party.[49][50][51][52]

Leadership election and withdrawal[edit]

Following Labour's defeat in the 2015 general election and the resignation of leader Ed Miliband, Umunna was identified as one of the potential candidates to take over as leader of the party.[53] He called for Labour to target Conservatives and "aspirational, middle-class voters",[54] saying that the party needs to be "on the side of those who are doing well."[55] On 12 May, he announced his candidature for the Labour Party leadership election.[56] Three days later, he withdrew from the contest, stating that he had been "uncomfortable" with "the added level of scrutiny that came with being a leadership candidate".[57] On 26 May, he announced his endorsement of Liz Kendall, who was unsuccessful in her bid for the Labour leadership.[58]

Return to the backbenches[edit]

In September 2015, following the election of Jeremy Corbyn as the Leader of the Labour Party, Umunna announced his resignation from the Shadow Cabinet and returned to the backbenches, citing differences over the Brexit referendum and issues of collective ministerial responsibility.[5][59]

Umunna supported "Remain" in the Brexit referendum.[60] His constituency voted with the highest proportion of votes to remain, with 79.5%. Following the victory for the Leave campaign, Umunna proposed an amendment to the bill to trigger Article 50 calling upon the government to investigate spending £350 million a week on the NHS, which was defeated by the government.[61][62] He subsequently voted for the unmodified bill to leave the EU, writing with Wes Streeting that "as democrats we must abide by the national result".[63]

Following his re-election in the 2017 general election, Chuka Umunna proposed a rebel amendment to the Queen's Speech calling upon the government to “rule out withdrawal from the EU without a deal” and "set out proposals to remain within the Customs Union and Single Market”.[64] Three Labour frontbenchers were sacked for supporting the defeated amendment, which the Labour leadership argued conflicted with their manifesto commitment to end freedom of movement.[65]

On 15 April 2018, Umunna attended the launch event of the People's Vote, a campaign group calling for a public vote on the final Brexit deal between the UK and the European Union.[66]

In August 2018, The Guardian reported that "Umunna and fellow Labour MP Chris Leslie, are widely believed to be laying the groundwork for the creation of a new [political] party although both have denied this."[67] In October 2018, it was announced that Umunna would serve as the chairman of a new centrist think tank called Progressive Centre UK. It was revealed that he would be earning £65,000 a year for his work on the advisory board.[68]

"Call off the dogs" comment[edit]

During a speech in September 2018 to the Blairite campaign group Progress and in response to what he described as a campaign of intimidation against "moderates" within the Labour party by Jeremy Corbyn supporters Umunna urged Corbyn to, "call off the dogs...my message to our leadership: it is within your power to stop this so call off the dogs and get on with what my constituency, one of the most diverse communities in the nation, demands we do without equivocation, fight this Tory Brexit. That is where all our efforts should be."[69] These comments prompted criticism from some from the pro-Corbyn faction within the Labour Party. Much of the criticism focused on Umunna's choice of the word "dogs" to describe those activists guilty of intimidation. Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell described the comments as "grotesquely offensive" telling the BBC that "our party members are not dogs." McDonnell also urged Umunna to "unite with the rest of the party."[70]

Brexit[edit]

Umunna favours a second referendum on Brexit. Umunna wrote that the campaign to leave the EU lied during the campaign and also broke the law spending more money than was allowed. Umunna maintains the British people now know the truth and should have a second say over whether the UK leaves the European Union. Umunna wrote, "If the proposals which the PM is pursuing feel unacceptable to the majority of the electorate, that says something. People voted to leave and to remain for very different reasons, but it’s nonsense to say that every single person who voted for Brexit in the EU referendum did so because they unanimously agreed on leaving the single market and the customs union, putting the Good Friday Agreement at risk, garnering no extra money for the NHS (contrary to what they were told) and potentially continuing years of austerity."[71]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chuka Umunna". politics.co.uk. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Labour appoints fresh face to replace John Denham". Times Higher Education. 7 October 2011.
  3. ^ "Debrett's 500". debretts.com. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Labour MP Chuka Umunna apologises for comments on elite social network saying London's nightclubs are 'full of trash'". The Independent. London. 5 April 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Statement by Chuka Umunna MP on leaving the Shadow Cabinet by mutual agreement". 13 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  6. ^ a b Parker, George (19 July 2013). "Chuka Umunna: Profile". Financial Times. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  7. ^ Bloss, Andrew (3 August 2012). "Friends fear Crystal Palace director was assassinated". Croydon Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
  8. ^ Rose Troup Buchanan (9 May 2015). "Chuka Umunna: Could Shadow Business Secretary be the next Labour leader?". The Independent. London. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  9. ^ "The British Obama? No, Labour high-flyer Chuka's the black Blair". Daily Mail. 30 September 2012.
  10. ^ a b Vonow, Brittany (17 July 2016). "Labour MP Chuka Umunna reveals wedding photo after marriage to lawyer fiancee". The Sun. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  11. ^ Birchall, Guy (30 November 2017). "Chuk Him Out: How old is Chuka Umunna, who's his wife Alice Sullivan, what's his constituency and when was his baby born?". The Sun. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  12. ^ "Who can lead Labour? Chuka Umunna can". London Evening Standard. London. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Chuka Umunna: Profile". The Financial Times (FT Magazine). London. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Chuka Umunna Coy About Leadership Ambitions". Sky News. 1 October 2012.
  15. ^ "Nottingham Trent alumnus Chuka Umunna announces he will run for Labour leadership". Nottingham Post. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
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External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Keith Hill
Member of Parliament
for Streatham

2010–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
John Denham
Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
2011–2015
Succeeded by
Angela Eagle