Compton and Shawford
|Compton and Shawford|
Compton Street; primary school on right
1,729 (2011 Census)
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
The word compton means village in a combe and aptly describes the settlement as it primarily consists of a long street on the side of a chalk valley.
Shawford is notable for having the longest railway viaduct in Hampshire (now known as Hockley Railway Viaduct). This is over 2,000 feet (610 m) in length and 40 feet (12 m) high. Disused since 1966, the viaduct was initially threatened with demolition when the M3 motorway was proposed but after much protest it was incorporated into the scheme.
The two halves of the parish are linked by Shawford Down which runs alongside the River Itchen. However they are now symbolically separated by the motorway with Compton on its west side and Shawford on its east.
The parish lies on the Upper Cretaceous chalk at the northern edge of the Hampshire Basin, dipping south from the Winchester anticline, with successively younger beds being exposed from north to south. In the north the Seaford Chalk formation of Santonian age makes up Compton Down. South of this the Newhaven Chalk outcrops in the dry valley running down from Oliver's Battery to Shawford. In the south of the parish the Culver Chalk of Campanian age is largely overlain by a layer of 'clay-with-flints' weathered out of the chalk. In the east the chalk is cut through by the Itchen valley and overlain by calcareous tufa.
A feature of the geology is the hill immediately southwest of the village of Shawford known as Shawford Down. This area is noted for its rich variety of habitats and the grazed pasture supports a wealth of flora and fauna, including notable insects and wildflowers.
National Cycle Route 23 passes through the parish, as do bus services provided by Bluestar. The M3 motorway also goes through the parish, with junction 11 to the north and junction 12 to the south. Shawford railway station is served by stopping services on the South Western main line.
Compton is represented in the Hampshire Cricket League as one half of Compton & Chandlers Ford CC following the merging of Compton & Shawford CC and Chandlers Ford CC in 1995. The club plays its home games at the Memorial playing fields, just off of Shepards Lane.
Shawford railway station was featured in a 1974 film starring Sophia Loren, a remake of Brief Encounter, as was Winchester station (though most filming took place at Brockenhurst). It caused great excitement in the village; a large crowd watched the actress being filmed getting out of a car on the forecourt.
Jon Tufnell, the leader of the band Plastic Toys, is a former resident of Compton and it was in his home studio in the village that he recorded the album For Tonight Only which included the single "Let Me Feel The Love" which charted at Number 30 in the UK Indie Chart in 2007.
- "Parish Headcounts, Area: Compton & Shawford CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- British Geological Survey (2002), Winchester. England and Wales Sheet 299. Solid and Drift Geology, 1:50,000 Series geological map, Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey, ISBN 0-7518-3340-1
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1157101)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- "Route 23 - Map". Sustrans. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- Compton & Chandler's Ford CC
- Banks, David (21 July 2000). "Village scene of Victor's demise" (Extract reproduced on unofficial website by permission of the Editor). Hampshire Chronicle. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- Webber 2006, p. 186
- "Winchester Lyrics". www.rogerwatersonline.com. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- Webber, Richard (2006). The Complete One Foot in the Grave. London: Orion. ISBN 978-0-7528-7357-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Media related to Compton and Shawford at Wikimedia Commons