Bishops Sutton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bishops Sutton
The Ship, Bishop's Sutton, Hampshire - geograph.org.uk - 1746355.jpg
Bishops Sutton main street with public house
Barley, Bishop's Sutton - geograph.org.uk - 1595571.jpg
Barley fields in Bishops Sutton
Bishops Sutton is located in Hampshire
Bishops Sutton
Bishops Sutton
Location within Hampshire
Area5.84 sq mi (15.1 km2)
Population419 [1]
463 (2011 Census)[2]
• Density72/sq mi (28/km2)
OS grid referenceSU6066331907
• London53 miles (85 km)
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAlresford
Postcode districtSO24
Dialling code01962
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
51°05′00″N 1°08′07″W / 51.083281°N 1.135328°W / 51.083281; -1.135328Coordinates: 51°05′00″N 1°08′07″W / 51.083281°N 1.135328°W / 51.083281; -1.135328

Bishops Sutton or Bishop's Sutton is a village and civil parish one mile (1.6 km) east of the market town of Alresford in the City of Winchester district of Hampshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 419, increasing to 463 at the 2011 Census.[2]

Geography[edit]

View from road and footpath towards the North Downs

The parish of Bishops Sutton, has irregular shape and is an area of 3,739 acres (5.84 sq mi) with 9 acres (3.6 ha) of that being water. The village, which is at the centre of the parish, lies on low-ground (250 ft above sea level) compared to the surrounding area; it is by the head-waters of the River Alre. A long strip of land runs north-east between the parishes of Bighton and Ropley, rising to a height of 500 ft (152 m) along the downs to the north. South of the river the boundary extends to the high ground above Cheriton Wood and Bramdean Common.

Historically, Watercress cultivation formed a significant occupation in the area, due to its chalk geology and the calciferous River Alre allowing it to grow in the beds of Chalk streams. In 1865, the construction of the Mid Hants Railway, also known as the Watercress Line, meant fresh watercress could be delivered to London and further afield. Today, agriculture is still a major employer in the parish with southern areas being arable land for crops.

The main road in the village is the B3047 named Bishops Sutton Road this bears medium to low traffic into Alresford and has two side streets in the centre of the village, Church Lane and School Lane. The A31 bypasses the village to the south. The average commute to work for residents is 15.14 miles (24.36 km).[1]

The villages is by or on (depending on which track was preferred) the Pilgrims' Way between Winchester and Canterbury, which can still be walked via the North Downs Way.

History[edit]

The Village's Church

In the Domesday Book, the Bishop's Sutton was recorded as Sudtone (which included Ropley and Bramdean), and the hundred of Bishop's Sutton was known as the hundred of Esselei, and comprised those places as well as West Tisted. Eselei, which was a small hundred, remained the hundred until the eighteenth century when the law was amended to make it part of the hundred of Bishop's Sutton.

A gazetteer of 1868 links Bishops Sutton with a former residence of the Bishop of Winchester which was then used as a malthouse.[3] However, in 1872 it is recorded that the Bishops once had a palace in the village with the only alleged remains being its kennel.[4] The 1871 population was 537 in 114 houses.[4]

The village has a number of historic buildings and many are thatched, with it being part of a conservation area. The Norman Church of St Nicholas, built in the 12th century, is a Grade I listed building.[5] It consists of a simple two-bay structure of a nave and chancel although additions were made to it through the medieval period and into the Victorian era.[6]

The village also has the grade II* 17th/18th Century brick-built Sutton Manor House which is on the sight of an earlier timber-framed construction.[7] Its garden wall is also Grade II listed.[8]

There are also a number of grade II properties: Western Court Farmhouse,[9] Old Ship Cottages,[10] Newhouse Farmhouse,[11] The Ship Inn public house,[12] 1 and 2 Church Lane,[13][14] Old Mill House,[15] The Old Post Office,[16] Tavy Cottage Yeoman's Cottage,[17] Dairy Cottage,[18] Grove Cottage[19] and Bassett Farm Cottage and its granary.[20][21] Several of these entries show elements of Tudor architecture.

Amenities and community life[edit]

Much of the population is retired,[1] and it won the Hampshire and Isle of Wight village of the year award in 2011 due to the wide range of events and activities organised by the to transcend the generations by the parish council. The village has a summer fete, an active village hall with links to local businesses and a village green with a pond and meadow used for recreation.[22][23]

Governance[edit]

Bishops Sutton elects one representative to Hampshire County Council every four years, this is currently:

Election Member[24] Ward
2009 Felicity Hindson Meon Valley

Bishops Sutton elects one representative to the City of Winchester District Council, currently:

Election Member[25] Ward
2010 Harry Verney, FCA Cheriton and Bishops Sutton

The parish council has six elected councillors and a website with local news and events.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Census data
  2. ^ a b "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  3. ^ The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
  4. ^ a b "Entry in John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales from 1801-2011 A Vision of Britain website". University of Portstmouth et al. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas (1350825)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  6. ^ "St Nicholas Church Bishop's Sutton, the place of Bishops and surgeons and heroines". Hampshire History. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Sutton Manor House (1350823)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1155368)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Western Court Farmhouse (1095140)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Old Ship Cottages (1095141)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Newhouse Farmhouse (1095142)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1155381)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  13. ^ Historic England. "2 Church Lane (1155429)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  14. ^ Historic England. "1 Church Lane (1095144)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Old Mill House (1155481)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  16. ^ Historic England. "The Old Post Office (1155485)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  17. ^ Historic England. "Tavy Cottage Yeoman's Cottage (1263394)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1303344)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  19. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1303372)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  20. ^ Historic England. "Bassett Farm Cottage (1350824)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  21. ^ Historic England. "Granary 10m NW of Bassetts Farm Cottage (1095143)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  22. ^ BishopsSutton.org.uk websiteArchived April 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ County News article
  24. ^ Hampshire County Councillors Archived 2017-02-17 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-05-30
  25. ^ City of Winchester members Archived 2012-09-02 at the UK Government Web Archive. Retrieved 2012-05-30
  26. ^ "Parish Councillors and Website". Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012.

External links[edit]

Media related to Bishops Sutton at Wikimedia Commons