Council of Paris
This article needs to be updated.(December 2015)
The Council of Paris (Conseil de Paris) is the deliberative body responsible for the governing of Paris, the capital of France. It possesses simultaneously the powers of a Paris Municipal Council (Conseil municipal) and those of a General Council (Departmental Council) for the Département de Paris, as defined by the so-called PLM Law (Loi PLM) of 1982 that redefined the governance of Paris, Lyon, and Marseilles. Paris is, in effect, the only territorial collectivity in France to be, at one time, a commune (commune or municipality) and a département (county or shire), and this arrangement has been a fact even longer, since the passage of the law of 10 July 1964 which totally reorganized the Paris region.
The mayor of Paris presides over the Council of Paris and therefore holds in her hands the powers of mayor and of president of the departmental council. There are presently 163 councillors for Paris.
Electoral system & composition
The Council of Paris is elected by the voters of the commune using party-list proportional representation. The commune is divided into 20 municipal arrondissements (arrondissements municipaux) in which voters elect a district council (conseil d'arrondissement). No district elects fewer than 10 district members or more than 40 district members; there are 354 district council members in total.
A selection of members on each district council — roughly half the number of seats of their respective district councils, and the name(s) at the top of the party-lists in those districts — are elected and serve simultaneously as city council members, and form the 163-member municipal council (conseil municipal) called the Council of Paris, the body which elects the mayor of Paris. All city council members are simultaneously elected as district council members, but not all district council members are simultaneously elected as city council members.
The 'hybrid' government
Although the history of Paris is long, that of its municipal government, in its present form, is less than half a century old. Paris and its environs were always governed directly by the highest French polity of the time: the Crown before the French Revolution, and a state-appointed préfet (governing the Seine département) afterwards. The office of mayor of Paris existed for brief periods during the 18th and 19th centuries, but it was not an institution of government before 1977.
Although Paris has a double role as a commune and as a département, it has a unique method for governing both; the Council of Paris, with the Mayor of Paris as its president, meets either as a municipal council (conseil municipal) or as a departmental council (conseil général/conseil départemental) depending on the issue to be debated.
The modern administrative organization of Paris still retains some traces of its previous incarnation as the government of the Seine département. The Préfecture de Police (which also has authority over the fire brigades of Paris), for example, has still a jurisdiction extending to the petite couronne (small corona or halo) of Paris, the three bordering départements (Seine-Saint-Denis, Hauts de Seine, and Val de Marne) for some operations such as fire protection and rescue operations, and the Préfecture de Police is still directed by France's national government. Paris has no municipal police force, although it does have its own brigade of traffic wardens.
Councillors elected for the 2008–2014 term
- PCF = French Communist Party
- PG = Parti de gauche
- NC = Nouveau Centre (New Center and Independents)
- PS = Parti socialiste
- UMP = Union pour un mouvement populaire
- EELVA = Europe Écologie–The Greens
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Conseil de Paris.|
- List of Paris' councillors (2014-2020)
- Municipal arrondissements of France
- Paris Fire Brigade
- Prefecture of Police
- Seine (department)
- Administration of Paris
- "Election Preview: France Municipal Elections 2014 – Part I". World Elections. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Election Preview: France Municipal Elections 2014 – Part I". World Elections. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- Mercier replaces Pierre Castagnou who died 24 February 2009.