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Cuandixia Village.

Cuandixia (Chinese: 爨底下), also spelled Chuandixia, is a historic village dating from the Ming dynasty located in Mentougou District in Beijing, China. It is a popular tourist attraction known for its well preserved courtyard homes.[1]


Cuan (爨) means "kitchen range" in Chinese. In the year 1958, it was simplified as Chuan (in Chinese: 川). The reason why this hamlet this name is that the host[who?] would like to be away from chill.[citation needed] It is famous because it has a history of 400 years during the Ming Dynasty. At that time, ancestors of this hamlet migrated from Shan Xi, a province is the west of Beijing, to this place. It is a stronghold in the way from Beijing to Shan Xi.

The family name of all of the villagers living here is Han, which means that they share the same ancestor.[citation needed] Hundreds of years old, the houses here still maintain the style of Ming and Qing Dynasty. Therefore, it is an attractive historical site, where thousands of people come here from its surrounding cities.[citation needed] There are 500 houses left. Stone carving, brick carving, calligraphy, and painting are everywhere. Common figures used are bats, pied magpies, Peonies, waterlilies, etc. Each of them has its typical meaning.

The site is a National Village Architecture Reserve.[2]


Cuandixia is located on ancient post road roughly 90 km northwest from central Beijing in the Jingxi mountain region.[3] The village is served by National Road 109 and can be reached via bus number 929 which departs from Pingguoyuan subway station. Travel from central Beijing takes about three hours by car.


Cuandixia was founded during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) by members of the Han clan who moved from Shanxi Province.[3][4] Towards the end of the Qing Dynasty Cuandixia prospered from trading in coal, fur, and grain.[4]


Cuandixia is known for its architecture and natural beauty. It is home to 500 well preserved courtyard homes dating to the Ming and Qing dynasties. Many of these homes have been converted into inns offering food and lodging to travelers. Stone paved lanes and steep staircases help define Chuandixia's architectural identity. The village is a frequent subject of photographers and painters. The surrounding area is full of mountains and trails popular with hikers.


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Coordinates: 39°59′49″N 115°38′18″E / 39.99694°N 115.63833°E / 39.99694; 115.63833