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Cuandixia / Chuandixia
爨底下村 / 川底下村
Country People's Republic of China
Direct-controlled municipalitiy Beijing
District Mentougou District
Town Zhaitang (斋堂)
Cuandixia Village.

Cuandixia (Chinese: 爨底下), also spelled Chuandixia (Chinese: 川底下), is a historic village dating from the Ming dynasty located in Zhaitang (斋堂), Mentougou District in Beijing, China.[1][2] It is a popular tourist attraction known for its well preserved courtyard homes.[3]


Cuan (爨) means "kitchen range" in Chinese. In the year 1958, it was simplified as Chuan (in Chinese: 川). The reason why this hamlet this name is that the host[who?] would like to be away from chill.[citation needed] It is famous because it has a history of 400 years during the Ming Dynasty. At that time, ancestors of this hamlet migrated from Shan Xi, a province is the west of Beijing, to this place. It is a stronghold in the way from Beijing to Shan Xi.

The family name of all of the villagers living here is Han, which means that they share the same ancestor.[citation needed] Hundreds of years old, the houses here still maintain the style of Ming and Qing Dynasty. Therefore, it is an attractive historical site, where thousands of people come here from its surrounding cities.[citation needed] There are 500 houses left. Stone carving, brick carving, calligraphy, and painting are everywhere. Common figures used are bats, pied magpies, Peonies, waterlilies, etc. Each of them has its typical meaning.

The site is a National Village Architecture Reserve.[4]


Cuandixia is located on ancient post road roughly 90 km northwest from central Beijing in the Jingxi mountain region.[5] The village is served by National Road 109 and can be reached via bus number 929 which departs from Pingguoyuan subway station. Travel from central Beijing takes about three hours by car.


Cuandixia was founded during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) by members of the Han clan who moved from Shanxi Province.[5][6] Towards the end of the Qing Dynasty Cuandixia prospered from trading in coal, fur, and grain.[6]


Cuandixia is known for its architecture and natural beauty. It is home to 500 well preserved courtyard homes dating to the Ming and Qing dynasties. Many of these homes have been converted into inns offering food and lodging to travelers. Stone paved lanes and steep staircases help define Chuandixia's architectural identity. The village is a frequent subject of photographers and painters. The surrounding area is full of mountains and trails popular with hikers.


  1. ^ 2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:斋堂镇 [2016 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Zhaitang Town] (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 110109106209 220 川底下村委会 
  2. ^ 斋堂镇 [Zhaitang Town]. 行政区划网站 (in Simplified Chinese). 行政区划网站/区划地名网站 (Administrative Divisions Web/District Geographic Names Web). 15 March 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 【2011年代码及城乡分类】110109106:{...}~209 220川底下村{...} 
  3. ^ "Cuandixia Village". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Cuandixia Village Day Trip". Visit Beijing. Retrieved 30 October 2014.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ a b Chuandixia Village, Beijing Attraction, Visit Our China
  6. ^ a b The Ancient Village Chuandixia in Beijing

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°59′49″N 115°38′18″E / 39.99694°N 115.63833°E / 39.99694; 115.63833