Culture of Maharashtra
Maharashtra is known as land of saints, educationists and revolutionists, notable among them being Mahadev Govind Ranade, Swatantraveer Savarkar, Savitribai Phule, Balgangadhar Tilak and many others. It has long history of Marathi saints of Varakari religious movement which includes saints like Dnyaneshwar, Namdev, Chokhamela, Eknath, and Tukaram which forms the one of base of culture of Maharashtra or Marathi culture. Maharashtra is also known for its purogami culture which translates as reformist or forward culture which was started by earlier saints and led by Phule-Shahu-Ambedkar in modern times. Maharashtra has huge influence of 17th century King Shivaji of Maratha Empire and his concept of Hindavi Swarajya which means self-rule of people. Maharashtra is multi-cultural state which includes culture related to Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, Christians etc. Lord Ganesha and Lord Vitthal are the traditional deities worshiped by Hindus of Maharashtra.
Maharashtra has various sub-regions like Marathwada, Vidarbha, Khandesh, Konkan and each region has its own cultural identity in the form of different accents of Marathi language, folk songs, food, ethnicity.
About 82% of Maharashtrians are Hindu, and there are significant Muslim, Christian and Buddhist minorities. There are many temples in Maharashtra some of them being thousands of years old. These temples are constructed in a fusion of architectural styles borrowed from North and South India. The temples also blend themes from Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cultures. The temple of Vitthal at Pandharpur is the most important temple for the Varkari sect. Other important religious places are the Ashtavinayaka temples of Lord Ganesha, Bhimashankar which is one of the Jyotirling (12 important shiva temples). Ajanta and Ellora caves near Aurangabad are UNESCO World Heritage Sites and famous tourist attractions. Mughal architecture can be seen is the tomb of the wife of Aurangzeb called Bibi Ka Maqbara located at Aurangabad. Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra with Humid climate throughout the year. Maharashtra has a large number of hill, land and sea forts. Forts have played an important role in the history of Maharashtra since the time of the Peshwas. Some of the important forts in Maharashtra are Raigad, Vijaydurg, Pratapgad, Sinhagad. Majority of the forts in Maharashtra are found along the coastal region of Konkan.
There were several other Harijan saints of Maharastra. They are Sant Banka Mahar, Sant Bhagu, Sant Damajipanth, Sant Kanhopatra, Sant Karmamelam, Sant Nirmala, Sant Sadna, Sant Sakhubai, Sant Satyakam Jabali, Sant Soyarabai. Other important devotees are Namdev Mahar, devotee of Shirdi Sai Baba, lived in Kharagpur and Bhagubai, the wife of Namdev Mahar, devotee of Sai.
Lord Shiva's devotion is celebrated by taking part in Maha Shivaratri (Night of Shiva) festival. In modern times, the Elephanta island in Mumbai, Lord's Shiva island in local mythology, originated the Elephant Festival. Lord Krishna's devotion are celebrated in the state-wide Gokul Ashtami (or Krishna Janmashtami, Krishna's birthday) whereby many devotees fast on the entire day until midnight. Lord Ganesh's devotion is celebrated by Ganesh Chaturthi (Ganesh's birthday) in August.
The people of the state are known to wear different colorful types of costumes and there is variation in dance and music according to people's specific localities. Dance forms like Powada, Lavani, Koli with mesmerizing music and rhythmic movement entertain the people of Maharashtra.
Traditional clothes for Maharashtrian males includes dhoti also known as Dhotar and pheta, while a choli and nine yard saree locally known as Nauwari saadi or Lugda is for women. Traditional clothing is famous in rural areas while traditional people from cities too wear these clothing. Various cultural festivals in Maharashtra are performed by wearing these clothing.
The sweet foodstuffs like Puranpoli and Shrikhand are considered to be originated from Maharashtra. The Konkan and Varadi cuisines are popular with tourists. The specialty dishes of Maharashtran cuisines are often strong in pepper and spice; well-known dishes include vada pav, Pav Bhaji and Mumbai chaat and puneri missal , selucha chana .
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