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This article is about the food. For the town in India, see Modak, Rajasthan.
Type Dumpling
Course Dessert
Place of origin Maharashtra
Main ingredients Rice flour, or wheat and maida flour, coconut, jaggery
Cookbook: Modak  Media: Modak
Modak offered to Lord Ganesha
Ukadiche Modak

A modak (Marathi: मोदक) is a sweet dumpling popular in many parts of India. It is called modak (मोदक) in Marathi and Konkani as well as Gujarati language, Kozhakkatta (കൊഴുക്കട്ട) in Malayalam, modhaka or kadubu in Kannada, modhakam or kozhakkattai in Tamil, and kudumu in Telugu.The sweet filling inside a modak is made up of fresh grated coconut and jaggery, while the soft shell is made from rice flour, or wheat flour mixed with khava or maida flour. The dumpling can be fried or steamed. The steamed version, called ukdiche modakin Marathi, is eaten hot with ghee.

Religious significance[edit]

Modak is believed to be the favorite food of the Hindu god Ganesha, which begets him the moniker modakapriya (the one who likes modak) in Sanskrit. During the Ganesha worship ceremony, known in Maharashtra as Ganesh Chaturthi the puja always concludes with an offering of twenty-one modaks to the deity and as prasadam. Modaks made with rice flour shell are preferred for this purpose, however, wheat shell version are also used. Whenever you visit any Lord Ganesha's temple in India, you can find small stalls' setup outside the temple selling ready-made packets of these modaks. Usually these packets come as a bunch of 21 modaks.

Types of Modak[edit]

  • Ukadiche Modak:These Modak are made of Coconuts and Sugar/Gud. This ismainly prepared during the time of Ganesh Festival.These Modak are hand made and cooked in a steam or pressure cooker. They need to be consumed immediately and come under the perishable category.[1][2][3]
21 Ukadiche Modak
  • Fried Modak:The modak are deep fried in oil instead of steaming. Frying makes the modak last longer and having different taste.[4]

Innovative recipes for modaks have also been created. These include banana nachni modak, motichoor modak[5] and chocolate modak.

  • Mava Modak:These Modak are made of Mava or milk solids.
  • Kesari Modak:

The modak of made adding a flavor of Kesar (Saffron).

  • Mug Dal Modak:The outer layer of modak is made of Mug dal.
  • Dark Chocolate Modak:These are made of adding Chocolate flavor
  • Dry Fruit Modak:

Dry fruits are been added in the ingredients to get different taste.

  • Coconut Rose Modak:The additional flavor of rose can be tasted in this modak.[6]
  • Paneer Modak:The main ingredient is paneer which gives a different taste.
  • Motichoor Modak:These are made up with mottochoor.
  • Baklava Modak: Steamed rice flour modak stuffed with Baklava filling mixture of nuts, sugar, cinnamon and orange zest.[7]
  • Gulkand and Mawa Modak

These are made by dumplings stuffed with gulkamd and mava, steamed and served with rabdi. Modak turns into a dessert.


See also[edit]