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Ukadiche Modak (Rice).jpg
Type Dumpling
Course Dessert
Place of origin India
Region or state Maharashtra
Main ingredients Rice flour, or wheat and maida flour, coconut, jaggery
Cookbook: Modak  Media: Modak

Modak is an Indian sweet popular in many parts of India. The sweet filling on the inside of a modak consists of freshly grated coconut and jaggery while the outer soft shell is made from rice flour or wheat flour mixed with khava or maida flour.

The modak can be fried or steamed. The steamed version (called ukdiche modak)[1] India is often eaten hot with ghee.


It is called modak (मोदक) in Marathi, Konkani and in Gujarati language. modhaka or kadubu in Kannada. modhakam or kozhakkattai in Tamil and kudumu in Telugu.

Religious significance[edit]

The modak is the favourite sweet of the Hindu deity, Ganesha[2] . It begets him the moniker modakapriya (one who likes modak) in Sanskrit.

During Ganesh Chaturthi, The puja always concludes with an offering of 21 modaks to Ganesha as prasadam. Modaks made with rice flour shells are often preferred for this purpose, although wheat shell versions are also used. Local businesses outside Ganesh Temples across India usually sell pre-packed/readymade versions of Modaks.

Varieties of modak[edit]

Classic Modak[edit]

Ukadiche Modak: These modaks are made of Coconuts and Sugar/Jaggery. This variation is especially prepared during the time of Ganesh Festival. They are hand made and cooked in a steamer. They are perishable and need to be consumed immediately.[3][4][5]

Fried Modak: This modak is deep fried in oil instead of steaming. Frying makes the modak last longer and have different taste.[6]

Modern Modak[edit]

Innovative recipes for modaks have also been created. These include banana nachni modak, motichoor modak and chocolate modak[7].

  • Mava Modak: These Modak are made of Mava or milk solids.
  • Kesari Modak: The modak of made adding a flavor of Kesar (Saffron).
  • Mug Dal Modak: The outer layer of modak is made of mug dal.
  • Dark Chocolate Modak: These are made by adding Chocolate flavor
  • Dry Fruit Modak: Dry fruits are added in the ingredients to get different taste.
  • Coconut Rose Modak: The additional flavor of rose can be tasted in this modak.[8]
  • Paneer Modak: The main ingredient is paneer which gives a different taste.
  • Motichoor Modak: These are made up with motichoor.
  • Baklava Modak: Steamed rice flour modak, stuffed with a baklava filling mixture of nuts, sugar, cinnamon and orange zest.[9]
  • Gulkand and Mawa Modak: These are made by dumplings stuffed with gulkamd and mava, steamed and served with rabdi, turning modak into a dessert.


See also[edit]