Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija

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Municipality of Cuyapo
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Cuyapo
Map of Nueva Ecija with Cuyapo highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Cuyapo highlighted
Cuyapo is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°47′N 120°40′E / 15.78°N 120.67°E / 15.78; 120.67Coordinates: 15°47′N 120°40′E / 15.78°N 120.67°E / 15.78; 120.67
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceNueva Ecija
District1st District
Barangays52 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorDr. Florida Paguio-Esteban
 • Electorate37,922 voters (2016)
 • Total215.73 km2 (83.29 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total65,039
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Cuyapeño (Cuyapenyo)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)146.5 million  (2016)
Native languagesIlocano

Cuyapo, officially the Municipality of Cuyapo, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 65,039 people.[3]


Cuyapo is politically subdivided into 51 barangays.

  • Baloy
  • Bambanaba
  • Bantug
  • Bentigan
  • Bibiclat
  • Bonifacio
  • Bued
  • Bulala
  • Burgos
  • Cabileo
  • Cabatuan
  • Cacapasan
  • Calancuasan Norte
  • Calancuasan Sur
  • Colosboa
  • Columbitin
  • Curva
  • District I (Pob. I)
  • District II (Pob. II)
  • District IV (Pob. IV)
  • District V (Pob. V)
  • District VI (Pob. VI)
  • District VII (Pob. VII)
  • District VIII (Pob. VIII)
  • Landig
  • Latap
  • Loob
  • Luna
  • Malbeg-Patalan
  • Malineng
  • Matindeg
  • Maycaban
  • Nagcuralan
  • Nagmisahan
  • Paitan Norte
  • Paitan Sur
  • Piglisan
  • Pugo
  • Rizal
  • Sabit
  • Salagusog
  • San Antonio (Butao)
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • Santa Clara
  • Santa Cruz
  • Tagtagumbao
  • Tutuloy
  • Ungab
  • Villaflores


Name and Establishment[edit]

Cuyapo comes from the Pangasinan word “kuyapo”, “kiapo” or “quiapo” in Tagalog; “lul-luan”, in Ilocano; (Pistia stratiotes), a water plant that looks like a flower. According to the Kulantong, or Cronologia written by Cirilo R. Sumangil, a native of Cuyapo, who, for over forty years, was the Parish Priest of the Philippine Independent Church of Cuyapo. Said aquatic plant was so abundant particularly in a place which is now owned by the Monteros, situated along Rizal Street near the Municipal Cemetery. It was at this place that lured cow tenders from Paniqui, Tarlac to pasture their herds or flocks.

Early Beginnings[edit]

Pangasinenses from Paniqui, Tarlac who used to pasture their cattle, foresters from Sta. Maria, Narvacan, Ilocos Sur; Paoay and Batac in Ilocos Norte; and Pangasinenses from Calasiao and San Carlos, Pangasinan, settled in great number in the town. It is said that the exodus, particularly from Ilocos Sur, was due to the forced labor enforced by the Spaniards in the construction of the Catholic Church in Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur. Cuyapo was declared a Barrio of Rosales on September 25, 1849, with Senior Santiago Vergara as its first Teniente del Barrio. Rosales was then a part of Nueva Ecija. It was in 1901 during the American Civil Commission that Rosales, together with Balungao, Umingan, San Quintin, were segregated from Nueva Ecija and became parts of Pangasinan.

Creation of the Town[edit]

On October 29, 1859, Cuyapo was separated from Rosales, Pangasinan and made a full-fledged town with Don Juan Pangalilingan as the first Gobernadorcillo. It was during his term that the first Catholic Church and convent was constructed. The old road to Guimba, passing through what is now Barangay Maycaban was constructed. On October 29, 1959, Cuyapo celebrated the centennial of its creation as a town.

The Revolutionary Period[edit]

On July 1, 1898, Gen. Mariano Llanera, then Military Governor of Nueva Ecija, appointed Don Marcelo Garcia, last Capitan Municipal during the Spanish Regime, as Presidente Municipal with Don Mariano Flores, last Teniente Mayor, as Vise Presidente Municipal. Later, under the supervisonal government, election of municipal officials was held. This revolutionary period of government existed until the American forces came in November 1898. It was during this period when the people showed their patriotism and loyalty to the cause of the revolution. On June 19, 1898, two to three hundred Cuyapenos, under Teniente Isabelo del Valle of Paniqui, Tarlac, answered the call of duty and ambushed a heavily armed contingent of Spanish Cazadores who came from Rosales en route to Tarlac in Bessang (now part of Barangay Maycaban. The Cuyapenos then had only fifteen (15) Remington rifles and the rest armed with bolos.


Population census of Cuyapo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 16,292—    
1918 19,344+1.15%
1939 24,570+1.15%
1948 28,923+1.83%
1960 30,634+0.48%
1970 34,793+1.28%
1975 39,109+2.37%
1980 39,654+0.28%
1990 43,103+0.84%
1995 49,791+2.74%
2000 51,366+0.67%
2007 55,456+1.06%
2010 59,396+2.53%
2015 65,039+1.74%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

Tourist Attractions[edit]

  • Apolinario Mabini Marker (Cuyapo) - Site of the arrest of Philippine hero Apolinario Mabini, known as “the sublime paralytic,” by the Americans on December 10, 1899.


Secondary schools[edit]

Public Schools:

  • Baloy High School
  • Cuyapo National High School
  • Dr. Ramon De Santos National High School
  • Paitan Sur National High School
  • Salagusog National High School
  • Simimbaan High School (construction ongoing)

Private Schools:

  • St. Pius X Institute

Primary schools[edit]

Public Schools:

  • Baloy Elementary School
  • Bambanaba Elementary School
  • Bentigan Elementary School
  • Bibiclat Elementary School
  • Bonifacio Elementary School
  • Bued Primary School
  • Burgos Elementary School
  • Cabileo Elementary School
  • Cabatuan Elementary School
  • Calancuasan Norte Elementary School
  • Calancuasan Sur Elementary School
  • C.B. Tejero Elementary School
  • Columbitin Elementary School
  • Curva Elementary School
  • Cuyapo Central School
  • Doña Consuelo Elementary School
  • D.M. Jose Elementary School
  • D.R. Jose Elementary School
  • E. Abalos Primary School
  • Loob Elementary School
  • Luna Elementary School
  • Malbeg-Patalan Primary School
  • Malineng Elementary School
  • Matindeg Elementary School
  • Nagcuralan Elementary School
  • Nagmisahan Elementary School
  • Ongsiako Elementary School
  • Paitan Norte Elementary School
  • Paitan Sur Elementary School
  • Piglisan Elementary School
  • Rizal Elementary School
  • Sabit Elementary School
  • Salagusog Elementary School
  • San Antonio Elementary School
  • San Jose Elementary School
  • Simimbaan elementary school
  • Sta. Clara Elementary School
  • Sta. Cruz Primary School
  • Tagtagumbao Elementary School The Best School
  • Villaflores Elementary School

Private Schools:

  • Brilliant Achievers School of Excellence
  • Cuyapo United Methodist Church Learning Center
  • Open Door Christian Academy
  • St. Lawrence Montessori, Inc.
  • St. Pius X Institute


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  5. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  6. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]