Dark Sun

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For other uses, see Dark Sun (disambiguation).
Dark Sun
Dark sun logo.png
Designer(s) Timothy B. Brown
Troy Denning
Publisher(s) TSR, Inc.
Wizards of the Coast
Publication date October 1991 (2nd Edition)
August 2010 (4th Edition)
Genre(s) Fantasy
System(s) AD&D 2nd Edition
D&D 4th Edition
Media type Game accessories, novels, comics, role-playing video games
Website http://www.athas.org/

Dark Sun is an original Dungeons & Dragons campaign setting set in the fictional, post-apocalyptic desert world of Athas.[1] The original Dark Sun Boxed Set campaign setting was released in 1991.[2] The product line ran from 1991 to 1996 and was one of TSR's most successful releases.[3] Dark Sun is notable for its innovative metaplot, influential art work, dark themes, and its unique take on traditional fantasy role-playing game.[3]

The original designers chose to drop the standard feudalistic backdrop of its contemporaries such as Greyhawk or the Forgotten Realms in favor of a gritty composite of dark fantasy, planetary romance, and the Dying Earth subgenre.[1][2][4][5] Rather than creating another pseudo-medieval,[1] Tolkienesque setting, Dark Sun's designers created a savage, magic-ravaged desert world where resources, such as metal and water, are scarce and survival is a daily struggle. The traditional fantasy races and character classes have been changed or omitted to better suit the setting's darker themes. There are no true deities and arcane magic, which derives its power from the desecration of the earth, is the cause of the planet's current ecological fragility. As a result, wizards are hunted and reviled. Due to a tie-in with the Complete Psionics Handbook during the original release in 1991, psionics are as ubiquitous as magic is in other fantasy worlds.[3]

The iconic art work of Gerald Brom often inspired the direction of the content and established a trend of game products produced under the direction of a single artist.[3][6] The 2nd edition setting was supported by numerous source and adventure books as well as novels penned most notably by Troy Denning, all of which were closely tied into the setting's groundbreaking metaplot.[3] It was the first TSR setting to come with an established metaplot out of the box and its dramatic advancement through its novels and source books was unique to the era.[3]

Its popularity endured long after the setting was no longer supported by Dungeons & Dragons' new parent company Wizards of the Coast with a lively online community developing in its place.[7] Notable material was produced for D&D 3rd edition by fans at Athas.org and by Paizo via open game license agreements.[3]

A new edition of Dark Sun was released in 2010 for Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition. The game designers wanted to capture the feel of the original 1991 boxed set while opening the setting up to all of the possible adventures and options offered by the new edition.[1][8] Though not technically a reboot,[9] some of the characters, races, and setting details from the original boxed set were changed or removed.[10]:5 The new setting rules continued Dark Sun's tradition of innovation by introducing character themes which provided background, character elements, and additional powers to newly created characters. Many former variant classes such as elemental priests, gladiators, and templars were replaced with these character themes.[9]

Development[edit]

Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (2nd edition)[edit]

The original Dark Sun Boxed Set

TSR released the second edition of Battlesystem in 1989 and, in 1990, began pre-production on a new campaign setting that would use this edition in gameplay. The working title of this setting was "War World."[11]

Contributors to this project at its beginnings included Rich Baker, Gerald Brom, Tim Brown, Troy Denning, Mary Kirchoff, and Steve Winter. With the exception of Denning and Kirchoff, design veterans such as David "Zeb" Cook declined to join the conceptual team for "War World" (later on, Cook would write the first two adventure modules: Freedom and Road to Urik). The majority of project members were freshmen to TSR, though not necessarily to the industry (Winter having worked at GDW).[11]

Steve Winter's inspiration drew partly from DEN comics by Richard Corben and the fiction of Clark Ashton Smith. Winter also suggested the idea of a desert landscape.[11]

The team envisioned a post-apocalyptic world full of exotic monsters and no hallmark fantasy creatures whatsoever. TSR worried about this concept, wondering how to market a product that lacked any familiar elements. Eventually, elves, dwarves, and dragons returned but in warped variations of their standard AD&D 2nd Edition counterparts. The designers actually credit this reversion as a pivotal change that launched the project in a new direction.[11]

By the time the name "Dark Sun" replaced "War World," Battlesystem integration was still considered important; and mass-combat statistics accompanied early modules. However, poor sales for Battlesystem soon stopped any further inclusion in Dark Sun products.[11]

The original Dark Sun Boxed Set released in 1991 presented the base setting details wherein the Tyr Region is on the verge of revolution against the sorcerer-kings. Set a decade after the first boxed set, the Revised And Expanded boxed set released in 1995 updated the setting to reconcile the events in the Prism Pentad novels. It featured an updated "Wanderer’s Chronicle" which included a summary of the material from "The Wanderer’s Journal" in the first boxed set, updates to the setting, events and characters introduced since the initial 1991 release, and details on the world outside the Tyr Region.

Tie-in with the Complete Psionics Handbook proved more successful, but designers regretted the extra time involved in attaching these rules to practically every living thing in the campaign world.[11]

The Dark Sun setting drew much of its appeal from artist Brom's imagery: "I pretty much designed the look and feel of the Dark Sun campaign. I was doing paintings before they were even writing about the setting. I'd do a painting or a sketch, and the designers wrote those characters and ideas into the story. I was very involved in the development process."[6]

Game designer Rick Swan described the Dark Sun setting: "Using the desert as a metaphor for struggle and despair, this set presents a truly alien setting, bizarre even by AD&D game standards. From dragons to spell-casting, from character classes to gold pieces, this set ties familiar AD&D conventions into knots, resulting in one of the most fascinating and original game worlds that TSR has ever produced."[12]

The Dark Sun game line came to an end abruptly in late 1996. When TSR released its product schedule in Dragon #236 (December 1996) no Dark Sun products were included.[13][14] The final release was Psionic Artifacts of Athas(1996) though two books, Dregoth Ascending and Secrets of the Dead Lands were rumored to have been near completion to the point that early versions were reportedly given to some GMs at the 1997 Gen Con Game Fair (1997) before the plug was pulled on the setting. Designer Kevin Melka claimed that another halfling product, a book on the dwarves, and a book on the Order were part of his official proposals for 1997. An invasion of the Kreen Empire was also being considered, according to Melka, along with the mystery of the Messenger, and a product on the Silt Sea to expand the world further prior to the line's cancellation.[13]

Dungeons & Dragons (3rd edition)[edit]

Dark Sun was not supported by the 3rd edition of Dungeons & Dragons but Paizo but the setting was kept alive by the fans at Athas.org by way of an open game license with Wizards of the Coast.[3][13]

David Noonan created an updated version of the setting for Paizo in 2004 that was published in Dragon Magazine and Dungeon Magazine that presented rules for 3rd edition. This version took place three hundred years after the last published setting details and sought to return the setting's in-game political circumstances to something closer to the original boxed set. This version also provided rules for elans and maenads as player a character races.[15]: 18

Athas.org presented another update to the setting for 3.5 in 2008. It was a rules only conversion that provided everything needed to play in the Dark Sun world through the non-epic levels.[16] The Athas.org version also condensed the metaplot information and presented a much broader view allowing players an opportunity to create campaigns in virtually any era of Athas, even going as far back as the Blue Age. Athas.org was also given permission to convert and release two unpublished 2e source books, Dregoth Ascending(2005) and Terrors of the Dead Lands (2005), which was based on the unpublished Secrets of the Deadlands.[13]

Dungeons & Dragons (4th edition)[edit]

In August of 2009, Wizards of the Coast announced at Gen Con Indy that Dark Sun would be the next campaign setting to be released for the 4th edition.[17] The setting was chosen because designer James Wyatt reported that the setting's darker, grittier, action oriented feel was a good fit for the 4th edition rules and because the setting demonstrated that imaginative possibilities of Dungeons and Dragons games could go beyond the tropes and themes of standard medieval fantasy. [17]

This version was heralded as a return of the feel of the original 1991 boxed set taking the setting back before the events of the Prism Pentad.[18] The metaplot's timeline is set back to just after the original Dark Sun's first adventure, Freedom (1991). The sorcerer-king Kalak is dead and Tyr is a free city-state but the future of Athas beyond that is up to the players. Game designer Richard Baker said the design team wanted the game to begin when Athas had the most possibilities for adventure[8] and offer a version of the setting where the Prism Pentad storyline would be possible, but not mandatory.[9]

The 4e setting strayed far less from the core rules than its AD&D counterpart.[9] Rich Baker reported that the design team wanted the campaign setting to mesh closely with the core 4e rules and source material, such as the Player's Handbook, than previous editions had.[19] Effort was made, however, to ensure that these more generic elements were in keeping with the classic tropes of the setting.

The most notable 4e change expanded character building by introducing themes. Themes were a third way to define a player character identity through archetypes or careers allowing them to more clearly describe their place or role within the world. Some variant classes central to the previous editions, such as gladiators, templars, and elemental priests, were introduced as themes. Themes proved very popular and were widely adopted in other settings.[9] The scale of Athas was reduced slightly but the geography was largely unchanged.[9]

The edition change created other notable differences including templars as warlocks, the dray becoming dragonborn, the introduction of 4e standard races such as tieflings and eladrin, and the exclusion of previous setting specific or ed races such as elans, maenads, pterrans and aarakocra.[10] The new 4e races were given Athasian twists in a similar manner to the original fantasy races.[20]

Possibly the most significant change to the setting was the inclusion of Athas in the standard 4e cosmology. In previous editions, Dark Sun was always isolated from the rest of the D&D cosmology making it nearly impossible to access via other planes or spacelanes.[9] The 4e setting no longer featured a stand alone cosmology but instead presented Athas squarely within the standard 4e cosmology. Athas still remained cut off from the rest of the universe, however.

Reception[edit]

A reviewer for the British magazine Arcane commented: "There's plenty of atmosphere in Dark Sun and, despite the seeming uniformity of the geography, a great deal of imagination has gone into detailing its various regions."[21] The reviewer concluded that "if blood in the sand is the bag you're into, you'll find plenty to enjoy under the Dark Sun".[21]

The original Dark Sun product line was one TSR's most popular releases with an enduring fan following.[3][7] In the 1990s, fans formed multiple mailing lists, fan sites, and discussion boards concerning the setting. These fan sites grew to such a size and scale during the 1990s that TSR filed legal paper work against them for infringing on their copyright. TSR eventually relented after fan outcry and established a formal fan site dedicated to Dark Sun fan creations.[7] When Dark Sun was not supported by the 3rd edition Dungeons and Dragons, the setting remained popular and fans at Athas.org and Paizo kept the setting alive by releasing source material for the setting through an open game license with Wizards of the Coast.

Reviewers of the 4e release of the setting were largely favorable. Christopher W. Richeson of RPG.net gave the setting an excellent rating saying that 4e update did an "excellent job of incorporating 4E's mythology without losing the harsh feel of the original setting.[22] EN World gave the 4e setting a B+ rating saying that the source book was readable, and introduced innovative new mechanics to the game. The reviewer was critical of the source book reporting that it felt "incomplete" in both content and art work in comparison to the Forgotten Realms source books released two years prior.[23]

The World[edit]

Main article: World of Dark Sun

Dark Sun is played on the fictional planet Athas. Novels and source books largely take place in the only habitable region on Athas known as the Tyr Region though other areas are described for a play such as the Ringing Mountains and the Jagged Cliffs. The game likely takes place on a single continent, but the exact landmass configuration of the planet or the existence of other continents is unknown.

Athas has a single, crimson sun, and two moons named Ral and Guthay both of which are visible to the naked eye.

Dark Sun features a number of important distinguishing features that differentiate it from other Dungeons and Dragons campaign settings. The brutal climate and the oppressive rule of the sorcerer-kings have created a corrupt, blood thirsty, and desperate culture that leaves little room for chivalric virtues that are the hallmark of fantasy settings (hence why paladins are excluded from the setting).[10]:5 Slavery is wide spread, the people are violent, and monsters roam the wastes beyond the city-states.[10]:4 Arcane magic draws its power from the life force of plants or living creatures with the potential to cause tremendous harm to the environment. Wizards and other arcane casters are despised and must practice in secret. Psionics are extremely common with nearly every living thing having at least a modicum of psionic ability. Due to a scarcity of metal weapons and armor are made from natural materials such as bone, stone, wood, carapace or obsidian.[10]:119-120

Athas has no true gods and no formal religions other than the false cults created by the sorcerer-kings.[24]:17 There is some contention within the source material as to whether or not there were ever deities in the setting. The AD&D source material seems to suggests that there weren't ever any true gods involved with Athas while the 4th edition setting leaves the option open more explicitly stating that the gods were destroyed or driven away by malevolent elemental spirits called primordials at the end of the Green Age.[10]:208 Clerics and druids draw power from the Inner Planes/Elemental Chaos.

Metaplot[edit]

Dark Sun's second edition metaplot was rich, dynamic and innovative and was advanced through its novels and adventure modules. Troy Denning's Prism Pentad novels tied directly into the first few adventures, DS1: Freedom (1991) and DSQ1: Road to Urik (1992). During this era TSR had begun to play with metaplots in other settings, such as Forgotten Realms, but Dark Sun pioneered the matching fiction and adventure modules to create and advance a game's metaplot.[3]

These novels quickly advanced the metaplot of Dark Sun and were also closely tied to playable adventure modules such as DS1: Freedom (1991) and DSQ1: Road to Urik (1992)[3] This trend continued with the adventure novels tying directly into Denning's fiction and vice versa. The culmination of the tangled metaplot was summarized in Beyond The Prism Pentad (1995) in preparation for the release of revised and expanded and boxed set, released a few months later, which presented the setting after the events of the modules or novels. Advances in the metaplot were controversial among fans as such releases such as Mind Lords of the Last Sea, and Windriders of the Jagged Cliffs explicitly introduced science-fiction elements, such as the lifeshaping magics of the halflings and isolated psionic utopias, that had previously only been hinted at.[25][26]

Dark Sun saw its last TSR release for 2e in February 1996 but the setting was revived, updated, and advanced by fans at Paizo and Athas.org with the blessing of an open game license from Wizards of the Coast. The 3e advancements of the metaplot from Paizo located the setting three hundred years after the events of the Prism Pentad. Subsequent releases from Athas.org complied and expounded upon the work done by Paizo.

The designers of the 4e campaign setting chose to turn the clock back on the metaplot and condense it to something similar to the original boxed set rather than pick up where 2e left off. While not a full reboot the designers sought to capture the essence of the original 1991 release while allowing for players to explore the setting a new through the new rules set.

Second Edition[edit]

Dark Sun's extensive metaplot spans several fictional ages into its past and is described by a fictional narrator called the Wanderer. According to the Wanderer's Journal,, an in-game account of Athas's history, the planet progressed through several ages roughly corresponding to the color of the sun and the state of the planet. Ages described are the Blue Age, the Green Age, the Red Age, and the age originally designed for play known variously depending on edition as the Brown Age, the Age of the Sorcerer-Kings, or the Heroic Age.[10]:16-17[27]:280[24]:9-14.

Backstory[edit]

The setting begins with the Blue Age when the sun was blue and the world was covered in a vast body of life-giving water. During this time the halflings ruled Athas as its only inhabitants but their magic brought forth a terrible environmental disaster known as the Brown Tide that nearly destroyed the sea. To halt the The Brown Tide's destruction, the halflings created a powerful talisman known as the Pristine Tower which they used to harness the sun's energy to burn away the Brown Tide. The Brown Tide's destruction came at a price, however. The sun changed from blue to yellow and sea pulled away from the land giving way to a lush, verdant paradise. The surviving halflings were either reborn as the human and demi-human races or withdrew in isolation into the mountains.[24]:7-16

This new age was known as the Green Age. During this age the character of Rajaat was born, but he was born too close to Pristine Tower and its powers warped his body and mind. Seeking a means to remedy his his ugliness and self-loathing he discovered magic. Experimenting with his new found power to solve his problem Rajaat discovered it was possible to use magic in harmony with nature (known as preserving), but also found that he could cast more powerful spells by leeching the life out of the land (known as defiling). Through centuries of research Rajaat ultimately concluded that the Green Age had been a mistake and the creation of these new races was an abomination. He sought to use his magical knowledge to exterminate all other races except the halflings and return Athas to the pristine splendor of the Blue Age. He used the power of the Pristine Tower to create fifteen Champions who were gifted with physical might, immortality, and powerful psionic and magical powers. Their creation changed the sun again from yellow to crimson and their purpose was to destroy all the other races on Athas. This period of struggle, known as Cleansing Wars, was only halted when the Champions discovered that Rajaat's true plans did not include his Champions survival. The Champions, lead by Borys of Ebe, rebelled against the their creator. Rajaat was too powerful to be destroyed so the Champions, with the held of one of Rajaat's talismans known as the Dark Lens, instead separated his body and essence and imprisoned them in a shadow realm known as the Black. The defiling magic used by the Champions during and after Cleansing Wars desolated the land turning it into a savage, desert wasteland under a crimson sun.[24]:7-16

Rajaat's imprisonment was not stable, however, and required powerful magics to be maintained. Borys was selected as Rajaat's warden but would need to be transformed into a true dragon, a creature nearly unheard of in the setting, in order to be able to cast the required spells. To transform Borys the Champions had perform part of the ritual on themselves putting them one-step towards becoming dragon. This gave them the might to perform the full transformation on Borys, but it also also allowed them to to confer magical powers upon their followers like those received by clerics in other settings. The full, ten-step ritual transformed Borys into a dragon but caused him to go mad in the process. He embarked on a century long defiling rampage, desolating the land even further to feed his arcane hunger. Shocked by what they had unleashed, the remaining sorcerer-kings fortified the city-states they had claimed and hid from the dragon's madness. The defiling during the Cleansing War had been substantial but Borys defilement during his bedlam was the tipping point that truly turned Athas into a hellish desert. When Borys emerged from his madness he saw Rajaat's prison was about to disintegrate. Fearing the return of his creator, he levied one thousand slaves from each of the sorcerer-kings so he could defile them to fuel the magic that kept Rajaat imprisoned. Borys continued to levy these slaves once a year until the events of the Prism Pentad put and end to Borys and his levy.[24]:7-16[27]:224, 279

Playable Metaplot[edit]

The original 1991 boxed set begins during the Age of the Sorcerer-Kings, the former Champions of Rajaat, who now rule over the few pockets of civilization left in the Tyr Region. These city-states tightly control the few remaining reservoirs of fresh water and other precious resources such as obsidian or iron. At the point the source material lays out for play the sorcerer-king's hold on the Tyr Region has recently been broken with the assassination of Kalak of Tyr in a slave rebellion lead by Rikus, Agis, Neeva, Tithian, and Sadira.[24]:7-16

Over the course of the adventure modules and the novels the metaplot advances rapidly with Rikus, Agis, Neeva, Tithian, and Sadira (in the novles or the player characters in the modules) at the center of the changes. Borys the Dragon is killed by Rikus and Sadira using his own sword, Scourge. Sadira becomes the first sun-wizard through the use of the Pristine Tower putting her at a level of power equal to the sorcerer-kings. The Dark Lens, which was lost during the Champion's rebellion, is rediscovered by Tithian who uses it to free Rajaat believing he will be transformed into a sorcerer-king as a reward. Several sorcerer-kings are lost or destroyed during the ensuing battle with Rajaat. Andropinis is imprisoned in the Black while Tectuktitlay is killed. The rest of the sorcerer-kings retreat while Sadira steals the Dark Lens. Rajaat is ultimately vanquished by Sadira using the Dark Lens as a focus for a sun spell that burns away Rajaat's shadow, the source of his tremendous power. His body is finally destroyed and his essence is returned to the Black. Tithian, having been in contact with the Dark Lens as Sadira cast her spell, is transformed into the Cerulean Storm. Sadira magically seals the Dark Lens and Scourge in a volcano called the Ring of Fire. The result of the spell to destroy Rajaat caused a tremendous earthquake creating the Great Rift, a passage to the Crimson Savannah, and access to the Kreen Empire.

The Revised and Expanded boxed set released in 1995 begins at this point with the destabilization of the Tyr Region's political power structure created by the loss of several sorcerer-kings. The environmental upheaval created in the wake of the Cerulean Storm and the earthquake that caused the Rift results in powerful storms and aftershocks that threaten the fragile region with further destruction. The Wanderer discovers the lost halflings, the Rhul‐thaun, of the Jagged Cliff, and the Mind Lords of the Last Sea.

Third Edition[edit]

In May 2004, David Noonan wrote a brief update for the setting for the 3rd edition rules.[28] The setting picked up where the 2e metaplot left off taking place three hundred years after events the of the Prism Pentad. The guide outlined some of the important events that had taken place since then. The guide largely focused on the city-states and the remaining sorcerer-kings.

The city-state of Raam is on the verge of collapse after the death of its sorcerer-queen but the psionic dragon-lich Dregoth (known as Dregoth the Savior in the in Raam), who resurrected himself after being slain by the other sorcerer-kings for attempting to become a dragon like Borys, sweeps in and transformed many of the riotous inhabitants into undead. He now rules the city-state where the living walk side-by-side with undead zombies and skeletons.[28]: 65 In Draj, Azetuk, the adopted son, of the deceased sorcerer-king Tectuktitlay, had been installed largely as a figure head by Tectuktitlay templars, the Moon Priests, and the psionic order House of the Mind. Azetuk somehow manages to learn enough magic and psionics, and with the help of a splinter group of templars, transform himself into a true sorcerer-king. He destroys the House of the Mind, takes control of Draj and begins to demand regular blood sacrifices in his temples.[28]: 65 Balic had also fallen into chaos after the disappearance of their sorcerer-king Andropinis. The lost sorcerer-king had been banished to a demiplane in the Black as a result of the Prism Pentad but fights his way through the Outer Planes to return to Athas. He does not return alone, however. The exiled sorcerer-king returns with an army of maenads carrying his banner. He retakes his city-state and now rules once more.[28]: 65 Tyr remains free from sorcerer-king rule and has manages to defend its walls from multiple assaults from Urik. The city-state is now ruled by a council of nobles and preserver mages from the Veiled Alliance.[28]: 76

Fourth Edition[edit]

D&D 4e presents a much abridged and somewhat different backstory that alludes to the original metaplot but doesn't explicitly reference it. Little is known in-game about the history of Athas and what is known largely myth, legend, and the propaganda of the sorcerer-kings. The 4e metaplot describes three ages: the Green Age, the Red Age, and the Desert Age or the Age of the Sorcerer-Kings. As with the original metaplot, the Green Age is earliest visible sign of civilization but suggests that rare tales tell of an earlier age, possibly the Blue Age. The end of the Green Age is described similarly to the original metaplot as verdant and fecund but came to an end mysteriously due to wars, magic, the Dragon of Tyr, a combination of these, or something entirely different. The Green Age gave way to the more recent Red Age; a time of profound war and strife that that left the world a blasted, desolate waste. Game play begins during the Desert Age, similarly to 2nd edition, with the world a barren wasteland and its few remaining habitable places being lorded over by the sorcerer-kings. Sorcerer-king Kalak of Tyr has been assassinated and the liberation of Tyr has sparked a glimmer of hope and renewal on Athas. [10]:16

A side-bar briefly describes the true history of Athas for the dungeon master which differs from the original metaplot. First, the gods were destroyed or driven away from Athas by malevolent elementals known as primordials. The loss of true gods created a fault in the world that allowed for the potential for arcane magic. Rajaat discovers and masters magic, but because it is fundamentally, also learned of its defiling capabilities. He magic's full powers only to teaches it to a chosen few and uses these disciples, known as his Champions, to exterminate the races considered impure. This genocide, known as the Cleansing Wars, brought forth the Red Age and the Champion's excesses defiled vast tracts of land in the process. Seeing that the entire world was dying the Champions reconsidered their loyalty to Rajaat and Borys lead a rebellion eventually overthrowing him and imprisoned him in a place of nothingness outside the world. Rajaat’s imprisonment ended the Red Age and brought forth the Age of the Sorcerer-Kings, also called the Desert Age. Borys became the Dragon of Tyr (though how or why isn't explained) and the sorcerer-kings divided the remaining city-states among themselves. The Tyr Region remains the only bastion of civilization on Athas but is tyrannically ruled by the sorcerer-kings. No mention is made of the events of the Prism Pentad[10]:208

Cosmology[edit]

One of the hallmarks of the Dark Sun setting was Athas' cosmological isolation. The Advanced D&D edition featured a notably unique cosmology that broke with the rest canonical Dungeons and Dragon's universe.[29] Many of Dark Sun's AD&D contemporaries are accessible via planar travel or spelljamming (e.g. Krynnspace, Greyspace, Realmspace), but Athas, with very few exceptions, is entirely cut off from the rest of the universe.[30]:8-9 [31] While it retains its connections to the Inner Planes access to the Transitive Planes and Outer Planes is nearly impossible. The reason for the cosmological isolation is never fully explained.

The Advanced D&D cosmology for the setting consists of the prime material plane (Athas) and two other transitive planes the Gray and the Black. The Black was roughly equivalent to the Plane of Shadows. The Black contains a mysterious realm of absolute nothingness called the Hollow that served as a prison for Rajaat. The Gray is roughly equivalent to the Ethereal Plane in that it surrounds Athas forming a massive buffer between the prime material plane of Athas and the Astral Plane cutting it off from Outer Planes. The Gray in this edition is the realm of the dead where undead creatures and necromancers draw their power.[30] The Gray, however, is thinner in regards to the Ethereal Plane bringing access to the Inner Planes with relative ease. Dark Sun's Inner Planes has different paraelementals based on natural phenomena: rain lay between air and water; sun between air and fire; magma between fire and earth; and silt between earth and water.[29]

The 4th edition setting stays truer to the core rules than previous editions placing Athas clearly within the World Axis cosmology,[9] but retaining its traditional cosmological isolation.[10]:17 The Feywild, known as the Lands Within the Winds, is largely absent with its few remaining access points being jealously guarded by the remains of the eladrin on Athas. Shadowfell, known as the Gray on Athas, acts as a barrier between Athas and the other planes.[10]:17 The Astral Sea is accessible via the Gray but the realm is largely empty in proximity to Athas with the connections to other realms lost. As with previous editions, Athas sits close to the Elemental Chaos and the planet has a special connection to these planes. These planes are accessible from the World and vice versa. Contained deep within the Elemental Chaos is the Abyss.[10]:17

Races[edit]

Athas is home to several of the standard high fantasy races, including elves, dwarves, half-elves, halflings, and humans, as well as a hand full of new or exotic fictional races, such as muls, half-giants, pterrans, thri-Kreen, and aarakocra. Subsequent resources introduced more races such as elans, drays, and maenads.[12]

Dark Sun races were distinctly different from those found in other campaign settings as the designers purposefully went against type.[12] For example, the thri-Kreen and aarakocra were originally monsters.[21] The hallmark fantasy races were each given different twists to make them more suitable to the settings darker themes. Athasian elves are not benevolent forest dwellers but hostile tribal nomads with savage dispositions and a deep distrust of outsiders. Dwarves are masses of sold muscle who's single mindedness gives them purpose. Halfings are largely cannibals living shaman-ruled settlements in the jungles beyond civilization.[12][10]:5 Other standard fantasy races such as ogres, kobolds, or trolls, for examples, are all assumed to have been destroyed during the Cleansing Wars or simply passed from the world in previous ages.[10] :25[24]:9-16

Playable races[edit]

Race Editions as a playable race Description
Aarakocra 2nd and 3rd Intelligent bird-people living in small tribes in the rocky badlands and mountains. Aarakocra believe themselves to be superior to all other people because they can fly. The Aarakocra of Winter's Nest have trade relations with the Tyr Region.[24]:23 Aarakocra were not included as a playable race in 4e but are mentioned as dwelling in the hinterlands of Athas.[10]:196-197
Dragonborn (dray) 3rd, 4th Created by the sorcerer-king Dregoth in the city-state Giustinal most were destroyed along with their city-state. They are now a race of brutally pragmatic refugees living on the fringes of Athasians society. Dragonborn often work as slavers, speculators, deal brokers, or moneylenders. Some have a natural gift for arcane magic which they offer for hire. [10]:24
Dwarf All Athasian dwarves are similar to dwarves in other settings but usually have little to no hair. They have no culture or cities of their own but are gifted artisans of stone and metal. In previous editions dwarves could not practice arcane magic but this restriction was omitted in 4th edition.[24]:22 [10]:25
Eladrin 4th Egotistical, isolationist refugees from the dying Lands Within Winds attempting to save what remains of their decaying homeland. They excel at psionics and abhor arcane magic. Eladrin are not well known on Athas and most regard them as legends.[10]:26
Elf All Athasian elves are herders, traders, thieves, and raiders and are considered untrustworthy by most other Athasians for their duplicitous ways. They value little outside their own tribal groups, but are swift runners especially as a group. Elves in this setting prefer to live in the moment and attempt to avoid hard work or drudgery as much as possible.[10]:26
Elan 3rd only Former humans changed into a race of powerful psions. Elans were introduced in the updated setting description in Dragon Magazine (2004).[12] In Athas, elans were created by the a psionic society known as The Order. They were not included in the 4th edition setting.
Genasi 4th Genasi, or half-elementals, are the rare offspring of humans and elementals living in the wastes of on the Isle of the Sea of Silt. Their parentage allows them to endure Athas' harsh climate. They revere nature and hate sorcerer-kings and defilers. [10]:30
Goliath (half-giant) All Half-giants are magically generated human-giant hybrids created by the sorcerer-kings as slave soldiers. Because of their magical origins they have no culture of their own instead adopting the mores and customs of whatever culture they find themselves among. More intelligent than their counterparts in other worlds, but with a tendency to change personalities over time. Half-giants can only mate with other half-giants. In the city-states they are soldiers, warriors, or mercenaries. In the wilds they are feral barbarians or shamans.[10]:27
Half-elf All Half-elves are the offspring of humans and elves. They are shunned and held with suspicion and hostility from both sides of their parentage and tend to develop self-reliance as a result.
Halfling All Halflings are the oldest race on Athas with a culture dating back to the distant past.[24]:25 They are now known for being savage, often cannibalistic, tribal people. Beneath their savage reputations are the remains of an ancient and profound culture that reveres nature. They largely live in isolated tribes in the jungles of Forest Ridge that prioritize cultural tribes and their connection to nature over the individual.[10]:28
Human All Although short-lived by comparison, humans are the most populous race on Athas. They are renowned for their diversity and ambition, and although they lack specializations like other races, they can excel in many areas.
Kalashtar 4th A minor race of rare, psionic beings who evolved from monastic psions in the distant past. They are virtually indistinguishable from humans.[10]:30
Mul All Muls are dwarven-human hybrid or half-dwarves bred by the sorcerer-kings as a race of slave soldiers.[24]:27 They are larger and stronger than humans and most are completely hairless. Muls have tremendous endurance enabling them to work long hours with little rest. They lack a unified history of cultural identity.[10]:26
Maenad 3rd only Maenad are not native to Athas. Along with the elan they were introduced in the 2004 setting brief in Dragon Magazine.[12] They were brought to Athas as soldiers by the sorcerer-king Andropinus when he returned from the Outer Planes. They were not included in the 4th edition setting.
Minotaur 4th Savage warriors bred by an elemental cult to create half-human half-bull soldiers to fight the sorcerer kings. What remains of the minotaurs are feral, violent reavers that lurk in the badlands and barrens. The less brutal among them seek employment or adventure in the Seven Cities.[10]:30
Pterran 2nd and 3rd Intelligent, reptiloids dwelling in the Hinterlands west of the Ringing Mountains. Pterrans have a shamanistic culture and believe themselves to be the planet's chosen children.[24]:27 They were not included in the 4e setting.[10]
Tiefling 4th Tieflings are the offspring of humans and demons who wander the wastes raiding, stealing, and killing for survival. Those who dwell in the cities serve as enforcers, gladiators, and assassins. Many tieflings believe that their parentage came with a debt that they seek to make good on. Others think the debt cannot be repaid and lives of debauchery and vice.[10] :30
Thri-Kreen All Thri-Kreen are a race of predatory, six-limbed, humanoid sized insect people resembling mantises. They hunt the wastes in packs and often have psionic abiliites. also known as mantis warriors, with venomous saliva and armor-like exoskeletons.[10]:22-23[24]:28

Others[edit]

  • Pyreen - The pyreen or peace-bringers are an ancient race of nomadic, psionic, druids that that mysteriously emerged during the Green Age who opposed Rajaat and the sorcerer-kings, and seek to restore vitality to Athas.[24] :106–107 What they are and whether or not they are truly a race unto themselves is unclear as they their natural forms they have the physical characteristics of all the demi-human races. The pyreen are a non-player race in previous editions but appear as an epic destiny in the 4th edition setting.[10]:102

Classes[edit]

Similar to the races, Dark Sun's classes were largely consistent with the classes of the core game rules, but with some changes to bring them in line with the game's unique themes. For example, the commonplace development of psionic ability, unusual nature of magic, and focus on survival skills have altered the scope and theme of some classes and lead the addition of new classes. Bards, for example, are as likely to be skilled at assassination or poisons as they are with entertainment. Athasian clerics, rather than worship a given deity, pact with elementals. They also do not organize into churches, collect followers, and are allowed to carry edged weapons.[32]

There are also significant setting distinctions between arcane spellcasters, divine spellcasters, and psionicists that often do not exist in other fantasy worlds. Arcane spell casters are largely reviled, while divine magic is accepted though it sometimes presents an ideological challenge to the sorcerer-king's rule. Psionics broadly accepted and celebrated, and are by far the most common form of magic with virtually all living things possessing some psionic talent.

As classes changed in subsequent editions these were also reconciled with the setting. Available characters classes are not defined in the 4th edition campaign setting. Besides paladins[10]: 5 being specifically mentioned as not being present there is very little information as to whether or not the other 4th editions classes should be included in the setting.

In 3rd edition sorcerers are almost unheard of, though in the Paizo adaptation they suffer an even greater stigma than wizards.[15] warlocks, sorcerers, and artificers are standard classes available for play in the 4th edition setting. Other arcane spell casters such as sorcerers, and warlocks, or were not included until the Paizo later version of the setting in 2004. In 4th edition any arcane caster was ostensibly available if the dungeon master allowed it.

Available Classes[edit]

Class Editions as a playable class Description
Bard All Bards were included in the original AD&D boxed set as part of the rogue class, and again in the 3rd edition rules.[33][34]:15-16 Athasian bards differed from their counterparts on other worlds in that they are as likely to deal in poisons, assassination, and blackmail as they are in entertainment or lore. The original Athasian bard.[34]:15-16 does not have the ability to cast spells. In 4th edition, the Athasian Minstrels is offered as a character theme and it is suggested that many Athasian Minstrels are bards but an setting specific bard class is not outlined.[10]:5
Barbarian/Brute[34]:15-29 3rd Brutes had the same game statistics as the barbarians
Cleric All Clerics differ significantly in this setting. There are no gods in Athas so clerics gain their powers by making pacts with elementals (earth, fire, water, air) or paraelemental (sun, silt, magma, rain) of the Inner Planes, or in 4th edition, the Elemental Chaos.
Druid All Druids gain their powers by serving the natural spirits of Athas.
Dune Traders All Dune Traders were a new character class specific to the 2nd edition Dark Sun setting, introduced in the separate Dune Trader supplement. They have access to many of the same rogue skills as thieves, but to a lesser extent. In addition, they had several abilities unique to traders, including the cultivation of extensive networks of useful contacts. Traders either belong to and enjoy the backing of an established Merchant House, or can work to create their very own Merchant House.[citation needed] In 3rd edition they were a prestige class. In the 4th edition setting the dune trader is a character theme.[10]:42
Fighter All
Gladiator 2nd Specialized warriors who fight for entertainment.
Psion All Psionics are an important part of the setting. Psions and psionic classes of various types were always available depending on the edition. These included: psychic warrior, soulknife, wilder, and potentially other psionic classes included in 4e.
Ranger All
Templar All Templars are mystic servants of the sorcerer-kings. In previous editions they wre a specialized priest class, but in 4th edition they are a character theme that practices some sort of arcane magic. Many are warlocks
Wizard All In previous editions defilers and preservers were a separate class. In 4th edition, defiling and preserving is a matter of choice.

Divine spellcasters[edit]

Clerics and other divine spellcasters were particularly impacted by the setting; the lack of true gods meant that divine spell casters were particularly impacted by the setting. Without proper deities, clerics derive their powers from such as the forces of the Inner Planes, or in 4th edition, the Elemental Chaos. Divine spell casters, such as elemental clerics or druids, are allied to one of these planes from which they draw their specialized spells.[21] The only spheres accessible to Athasian clerics are those corresponding to the elemental planes (earth, air, fire, and water), the paraelemental planes (silt, sun, rain, and magma).[citation needed] Additionally, some divine casters may tap into magical plants, called trees of life, once per day to gain heal, augury, divination, and magic font spells.[12] Game designer Rick Swan felt that while "clerics got the shaft in the original Dark Sun set", the supplement Earth, Air, Fire, and Water "transforms the stodgy Dark Sun cleric into the setting's most intriguing character".[35] With the 4th edition setting the elemental cleric became a background rather than a class in and of itself.[32]

The idea of the divine spell caster changed significantly during the 4th edition of the setting with the introduction of primal magic. Some ostensibly divine spell casters, such as templars, became arcane spell casters. Others, such as shamans, clerics, and druids, cast spells using primal magic as opposed to divine magic. Clerics technically still used divine magic mechanics but under the same limited auspices that marked the previous editions of the setting.[citation needed]

In previous editions, Templars were considered to be a specialized form of cleric who derived their powers from their sorcerer-king. In 4th edition the templar class shifted away from being a divine caster to an arcane caster though not all templars are skilled in magic.[10]:62 Many templars are not clerics at all but warlocks who have pacted with their sorcerer-king.[32] Unlike other clerics templars are often organized into temples, bureaucracies, or pseudo-holy orders which are often false and corrupt. They are entirely dependent on their patrons for their magical abilities.[35] Besides their cleric-like abilities templars also have special abilities that allow them to govern and control the population of their city-states.[34]:26-27[36]

Arcane Magic[edit]

Arcane magic in Dark Sun differs substantially from more traditional fantasy campaign settings in that it draws from the life force of the planet or living beings. Arcane magic on Athas is often a problematic (though not entirely) force and is largely believed to be the cause of the environmental devastation that plagues the land. Arcane spellcasters may cast spells in a manner that preserves nature, known as preservers, or in a manner that destroys it, known as defilers.

Preservers take special care when preparing spells and only extract as much energy from the environment as they need, thus avoiding the sterilizing side effects. Striving to wield magic in harmony with nature, they cause no damage to the environment when they cast spells. Virtue comes with a price however, as preservers advance in level at a much slower rate than the self-serving defilers.[12] Preservers and druids have a negative view of defilers, but both preservers and defilers are relatively rare.[21]

Any arcane caster may choose to defile at anytime though not all of them do.[37] Defiling exploits the environment, draining the life from the surrounding area turning it into a sterile wasteland.[12] Defilers are those spell casters who routinely fuel their magic in a destructive way and have no regard for the life they steal. Defilers are considered evil as the surrounding areas of vegetation turn to ash whenever a defiler prepares spells, which explains the current barren state of the planet.[21] Being a defiler, however, is really a matter of choice. Little is known about arcane magic by the general public and most not distinguish between preservers and defilers.

Psionics[edit]

Psionic power are the cornerstone of the setting with nearly every living thing having some psionic abilities.[21][38] Psionic ability is about as common in Dark Sun as arcane magic is in other D&D campaign settings, and unlike arcane magic, is accepted and revered. Practitioners refer to psionic ability as "the Will" and the development or schooling of in psionics as "the Way".[38]

Rules for playing them were not published in the original Dark Sun boxed set, but rather a separate supplements; The Complete Psionics Handbook, and in the setting specific source book The Will And The Way.[38] The Will And The Way expanded the psionic rules presented in the The Complete Psionics Handbook by providing new rules for psychic combat, new psionic abilities and disciplines all within the context of the world of Athas.[38] D&D classic game line historian Shannon Appelcine writes that TSR's decision to publish a second psionic rulebook specifically for Dark Sun was a testament to the popularity of the setting and the importance of psionics during the 1990s.[38]

The Dark Sun Campaign Setting, Expanded and Revised published in 1995 would later include rules for psionics as part of the core boxed set, which was intended to replace the original information published in The Complete Psionics Handbook. Players had the option of sticking with the rules set presented in TCPH, instead, if they chose to.

Later 3rd and 4th Editions of D&D would make psionics more common as an option in any D&D world, and would split the original Psionicist class into a number of different psionics-using character classes.[39][40]

Source material[edit]

Source Material for 2nd Edition Advanced Dungeons & Dragons[edit]

The majority of resources for the setting were released between 1991, when the setting founded, and 1996 when TSR stopped supporting the game line. The line included the original boxed set with rulebook authored by Timothy Brown and Troy Denning. Dragon Kings, released in 1992, featured rules for epic level character advancement for Dark Sun. The basic source material was later expanded and revised by Bill Slavicsek in 1995 to include the developments of the setting since the initial 1991 release. Additional source books further detailed the setting. These included a source book in-depth look at certain aspects of the setting including certain classes, such as gladiators, clerics, and psions; the races native to Athas, such as elves or thri-kreen; and more detailed setting information, such as the city-state of Tyr, the Veiled Alliance, and the different slave tribes.

Source Material for 3rd edition[edit]

Dark Sun was not supported under a with published rulebook under D&D 3, but rules for the 3.5 edition appeared in several places; the Sandstorm supplement included rules for the impact of desert conditions on game play.[41] In 2004, Paizo published several articles in Dragon Magazine and Dungeon Magazine that brought Dark Sun in line with the 3rd edition rules. athas.org published unrelated source materials in 2007 for Dark Sun under the open game license. Both rules were official versions approved and sanctioned by Wizards of the Coast that provided two different possible versions of the setting.

Paizo's Dark Sun[edit]

A special feature in Dragon Magazine No. 319 (the May 2004 issue) and a parallel feature in Dungeon Magazine No. 110 provide an alternate interpretation of the setting for the revised Third Edition (3.5) Dungeons and Dragons game. (The rules for defiler wizards appear in Dragon #315, and additional monsters in Dungeon #111). Two of the authors of the Paizo materials, Chris Flipse and Jon Sederquist, are on the Athas.org "overcouncil," and are responsible for much of the development of the Athas.org rules.[citation needed]

In place of the higher dice for ability scores, the abilities of all of the player character races have been improved. Each (including humans) has an additional bonus to one or more ability scores, an innate psionic power, and often other bonuses.[citation needed] Every race has a level adjustment, meaning that a PC of the race counts as a PC of higher level than he actually is for purposes of balance.[citation needed]

Source Material For 4th Edition[edit]

Lead up and promotion[edit]

On August 14 at GenCon 2009, Wizards of the Coast announced that Dark Sun would be the 2010 campaign setting.[42] Wizards announced 2 source books and 1 adventure for the new campaign setting.[43][44][45] The setting is a "reimagining" of the 2nd edition setting, returning to the time immediately after Tyr became a free state.[46] As first indicated in the third excerpt, published July 19, the Mul and Thri-kreen races were included, with special racial paragon paths and several new options for all characters. A new rules element was the addition of Themes (Athasian Minstrel, Dune Trader, Elemental Priest, etc.). Each PC gained one theme that together with race and class helped define the character. Themes grant an initial power and additional powers can be chosen instead of normally available class powers.

Wizards of the Coast promoted the setting heavily. Rich Baker first communicated various likely changes to the setting via his Blog at wizards.com. He also indicated that a preview of Dark Sun would be available as an adventure at the 2010 D&DXP convention. The adventure description "Come join us for the first sneak peek at the next campaign setting for 4th edition. This full adventure will preview new material from the campaign setting and comes with characters already provided" can be found on the D&DXP site.[47]

The fourth Penny Arcade/PvP series of Wizards of the Coast's D&D podcast, running for two weeks in May and June 2010, was devoted to a Dark Sun campaign using pre-generated Dark Sun characters. The character sheets and other information are available for download from the podcast pages. Throughout July and August, excerpts from the upcoming Dark Sun Campaign Setting supplement were scheduled for publication as free content on the D&D Insider web site. The first two excerpts covered basic information on the setting, which is similar to that of previous versions. A series of articles continued to provide glimpses into the setting prior to the release in August.

In addition to the first adventure at D&D XP, there were several other adventures provided before the release:

  • The Dark Sun adventure entitled Bloodsand Arena was held on June 19 for Free RPG Day.
  • The second season of D&D Encounters (featuring weekly one-to-two-hour adventures at gaming stores) was based in Dark Sun and provided players with 15 weeks of Dark Sun encounters.[48]
  • Gen Con and PAX Prime held the "Glory and Blood" Dark Sun Arenas, featuring seven separate arena encounters held in each city-state. Each arena was of varying difficulty and players gathered glory. Winning six of seven adventures resulted in sufficient glory for a cloth map of the Tyr region, not currently available through other means.[49]
  • The Lost Cistern of Aravek for fourth-level pregenerated PCs was provided on August 21 for the Worldwide D&D Gameday.[50]

Release[edit]

On August 17, 2010, the Dark Sun books were released.

The 4th Edition Dark Sun books greatly change the setting, and the 4th edition races were added as well, including Tieflings, Dragonborn and Eladrin. Some topics are skipped as well and there are many notable setting conflicts with earlier material.

Mechanical differences abound, but reflect the 4th Edition rules. For example, in Second Edition defilers were a separate wizard class. In 4th Edition there are many arcane classes, so defiling became an at-will power applicable when using daily arcane powers. Elemental priests are now a new Shaman build, the Animist Shaman. Elemental worship is tied to the Primal power source, because the Divine power source (which includes clerics and paladins) is unavailable to player characters by default. Finally, non-metal weapons and armor are considered the baselines for 4e Dark Sun characters. Metal weapons, however, are more durable and less prone to breakage.

In addition, the Dungeon Tiles set released on June 15 was Dark Sun themed.

Ashes of Athas Campaign[edit]

In January 2011 at the D&D Experience Convention, Wizards of the Coast and Baldman Games launched an organized play campaign set in Dark Sun. The campaign used the 4th edition rules and time frame.[51] PCs played the role of Veiled Alliance members fighting against a secret organization named The True.[52][53] Later adventures took players from Altaruk and Tyr across the Tablelands (Urik, Gulg, Nibenay, and many wilderness locations) to confront an ancient primordial awakening in the Sea of Silt. Chapters consisting of three linked adventures each were released at the D&DXP, Origins, and Gen Con gaming conventions. A total of seven chapters (21 rounds of four-hour play) were released, providing a single continuous story taking player characters from 3rd through 9th level (11th level at completion). Though the campaign concluded in January 2013 at Winter Fantasy, adventures can be requested from Baldman Games.[54]

Novels[edit]

Numerous novels have been based in the Dark Sun setting. Notable authors writing in the world of Athas are Troy Denning, Simon Hawke, and Lynn Abbey.

Comics[edit]

A five issue series of comics based on the campaign setting called Ianto's Tomb created by writer Alex Irvine and artist Peter Bergting was released by IDW Publishing[55][56]

Media[edit]

A number of video games are also set in the Dark Sun world: including Dark Sun: Shattered Lands (1993), Dark Sun: Wake of the Ravager (1994), and the MMORPG Dark Sun Online: Crimson Sands (1996).

External links[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Dark Sun: James Wyatt Spotlight Interview". Wizards of the Coast. August 14, 2009. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "The History of TSR". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on October 4, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2005. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Appelcline, Shannon. "Dark Sun Boxed Set (2e)". D&Dclassics.com. Retrieved June 24, 2015. 
  4. ^ Appelcline, Shannon (June 6, 2014). "Beyond Feudalism: Part 2". http://dnd.wizards.com. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ "You Got Science in My Fantasy!". Wizards of the Coast. May 28, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Kenson, Stephen (October 1999). "Profiles: Brom". Dragon (Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast) (#264): 112. 
  7. ^ a b c Adducci, Robert. "Digital Dark Sun: History of Athas Online". athas.org. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "D&D Dark Sun Revamp Honors a Classic". geeekdad.com. August 30, 2010. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Dark Sun Campaign Setting (4e)". D&Dclassics.com. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Baker, Richard;Schwalb, Robert J.;Thompson, Rodney. Dark Sun Campaign Setting. Wizards of the Coast, Inc., 2010.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Johnson, Harold; Winter, Steve; Adkinson, Peter; Stark, Ed; and Peter Archer. 30 Years of Adventure: A Celebration of Dungeons and Dragons. Wizards of the Coast, Inc, 2004, pages 130-138.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Swan, Rick (September 1992). "Role-playing Reviews". Dragon (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin: TSR) (#185): 65–66. 
  13. ^ a b c d Appelcline, Shannon. "Psionic Artifacts of Athas (2e)". dndclassics.com. Retrieved August 30, 2015. 
  14. ^ Appelcline, Shannon (December, 1996). "Dragon Magazine (2e)" (PDF). Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved August 30, 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. ^ a b Noonan, David (May 2004). "Dark Sun: Player's Handbook". dragonmagazine.com. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Dark Sun 3". athas.org. February 5, 2008. Retrieved June 17, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Bart Carroll publisher=Wizards of the Coast. "And the Next Campaign Setting is ...Big News from Gen Con Indy!". Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  18. ^ Rodney Thompson publisher=Wizards of the Coast. "Dark Sun out of Development". Retrieved June 17, 2015. 
  19. ^ Rich Baker publisher=Athas.org (repost). "Dark Sun Sprint". Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  20. ^ Rich Baker publisher=Athas.org (repost). "Dark Sun dragonborn". Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Ramshaw, Cliff (February 1996). "Games Reviews". Arcane (Future Publishing) (3): 64–65. 
  22. ^ Christopher W. Richeson publisher=RPG.net. "Review of Dark Sun Campaign Setting". Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  23. ^ Neuroglyph. "Review: Dark Sun Campaign Setting by Wizards of the Coast". Enworld.org. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Slavicsek, Bill. Dark Sun Campaign Setting: Expanded And Revised. TSR, Inc., 1995.
  25. ^ Appelcline, Shannon. "Windriders of the Jagged Cliffs (2e)". dndclassics.com. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  26. ^ Appelcline, Shannon. "Mind Lords of the Last Sea (2e)". dndclassics.com. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  27. ^ a b Brax Fernandes, Bruno; Flipse, Chris; Jon // Oracle. Dark Sun 3. Athas.org., 2008.
  28. ^ a b c d e "The Dark Sun's DM Guide" (PDF). Dungeon Magazine. May 2004. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  29. ^ a b Appelcline, Shannon. "An Elementary Look at the Planes". http://dnd.wizards.com. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  30. ^ a b Rea, Nicky. Defilers and Presrevers: Wizards of Athas. TSR, Inc., 1996.
  31. ^ Appelcline, Shannon. "Defilers and Preservers: The Wizards of Athas (2e)". dndclassics.com. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c Appelcline, Shannon. "DSS2 Earth, Air, Fire, and Water (2e)". dndclassics.com. Retrieved June 24, 2015. 
  33. ^ Brown, Timothy; Denning, Troy (1991). Dark Sun Campaign Setting. TSR, Inc. ISBN 1-56076-104-0. 
  34. ^ a b c d Core Rule Book (2003)
  35. ^ a b Swan, Rick (June 1994). "Role-playing Reviews". Dragon (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin: TSR) (#206): 85. 
  36. ^ Appelcline, Shannon. "Dark Sun Campaign Setting (4e)". D&Dclassics.com. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  37. ^ Anondson, Eric (August 2001). "An Interview with Troy Denning". athas.org. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  38. ^ a b c d e Appelcline, Shannon. "The Will and the Way (2e)". wizards.com. Retrieved June 24, 2015. 
  39. ^ Heiret, Rob (April 8, 2010). "Psionics". wizards.com. Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  40. ^ Raddu (June 6, 2015). "Psionics". wizards.com. Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  41. ^ "Sandstorm (3e)". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on June 5, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2005. 
  42. ^ Carroll, Bart (August 14, 2009). "Dungeons & Dragons Roleplaying Game Official Home Page - Article (And the Next Campaign Setting is ...)". Wizards.com. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons Roleplaying Game Official Home Page - Product (Dark Sun Campaign Setting)". Wizards.com. August 17, 2010. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons Roleplaying Game Official Home Page - Product (Dark Sun Creature Catalog)". Wizards.com. August 17, 2010. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons Roleplaying Game Official Home Page - Product (Marauders of the Dune Sea)". Wizards.com. August 17, 2010. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  46. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons Roleplaying Game Official Home Page - Article (Eight Characteristics of Athas)". Wizards.com. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  47. ^ http://community.wizards.com/wotc_richbaker/blog/?pref_tab=blog
  48. ^ http://community.wizards.com/dungeonsanddragons/go/forum/view/91301/188837/dd_encounters_season_2_-_dark_sun
  49. ^ https://www.genconreg.com/events/16009
  50. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons Roleplaying Game Official Home Page - Event (Game Day)". Wizards.com. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  51. ^ Mike Mearls, Jeremy Crawford, Rodney Thompson, "D&D Experience Podcast" at 2:02, Wizards of the Coast "D&D Podcast", February 11, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  52. ^ Matt Dukes, "DDXP 2011 Recap Part Deux", Critical Hits, February 8, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  53. ^ Chris Sims, "The D&D Experience", Critical Hits, February 4, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  54. ^ Baldman Games forums, "Ashes of Athas Adventure Now Available", Apr 2, 2013.
  55. ^ "Irvine's "Dark Sun" Shines Bright". comicbookresources.com. Retrieved 2015-06-28. 
  56. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons". IDW Publishing. Retrieved 2011-01-22.