David G. Friehling
|David G. Friehling|
November 27, 1959 |
Sullivan County, New York
|Criminal charge||securities fraud, aiding and abetting investment adviser fraud, filing false audit reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission|
|Criminal penalty||One year home detention, one year supervised release, forfeiture of $3.18 million|
|Conviction(s)||November 3, 2009 (pleaded guilty)|
David G. Friehling (born November 27, 1959) is an American accountant who was arrested and charged in March 2009 for his role in the Madoff investment scandal. He later pleaded guilty to rubber-stamping Madoff's filings with regulators rather than fully reviewing them. His role in covering up Madoff's massive Ponzi scheme makes it the largest accounting fraud in history.
Friehling was born in Sullivan County, north of New York City, and attended high school in Liberty, New York. His family owned the Stevensville Hotel, a Borscht Belt resort in Swan Lake, New York. He is a 1981 graduate of Cornell University, and a past-president of the Rockland chapter of the NYS Society of CPAs (NYSSCPA).
Friehling & Horowitz as Madoff's auditors
From 1991–2008, Friehling & Horowitz, a little-known accounting firm in New City, New York, a small hamlet in the Rockland County suburbs north of New York City, signed off on audits on Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC's books. Friehling falsely represented to investors and the Securities and Exchange Commission that he and the firm had conducted audits, and the Madoff firm was financially sound. In the meantime, Friehling and his family withdrew millions of dollars from accounts at the Madoff firm, over $5.5 million since 2000. Friehling's actions made the Madoff scandal not only the largest Ponzi scheme in history, but the largest accounting fraud in history.
The firm consisted of two principals—Friehling and Jerome Horowitz—and a secretary. Horowitz met Madoff in 1963, when the Madoff organization was a penny stock trader. He audited Madoff's books before retiring to Palm Beach Gardens, Florida in 1991 and handing the account to his son-in-law, Friehling. Horowitz died on March 12, 2009 after a long battle with cancer; it is not known whether he was a target of the Madoff investigation.
Well before the Madoff scandal broke, several observers doubted that a tiny firm with only one active accountant could competently audit a firm that had grown into a multibillion-dollar operation. In 2007, Aksia LLC, a hedge fund consultant, warned its clients to stay away from Madoff for that very reason; its CEO, Jim Vos, likened this situation to General Motors being audited by a three-person firm. Others were suspicious that Madoff refused requests for due diligence because his accountant—supposedly his brother-in-law—was the only one allowed to see the books.
Soon after the Madoff scandal broke, it emerged that Friehling & Horowitz had informed the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants in writing since 1993 that it didn't conduct audits. An investigation into Friehling by Rockland County district attorney Thomas Zugibe was stopped in deferral to the investigation by the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York.
Friehling was not registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, which was created under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 to help detect fraud. Nor was the firm "peer reviewed," in which auditors check one another for quality control. According to the AICPA, Friehling was enrolled in their peer-review program, but was not required to participate because he supposedly didn't conduct audits. It later emerged that Madoff's banker, JPMorgan Chase, had known that Friehling wasn't registered with the PCAOB or subject to peer review as early as 2006.
Arrest, guilty plea, cooperation with federal government, and sentence
Friehling was charged on March 18, 2009, with securities fraud, aiding and abetting investment adviser fraud, and four counts of filing false audit reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
On July 10, 2009, Friehling waived indictment and pleaded not guilty to criminal charges. He agreed to proceed without having the evidence in the criminal case against him reviewed by a grand jury at a hearing before U.S. District Judge Alvin Hellerstein in Manhattan.
On November 3, 2009, he pleaded guilty to the charges against him. He admitted to simply rubber-stamping Madoff's filings with the SEC. He also revealed that he continued to audit Madoff even though he had invested a substantial amount of money with him. Accountants aren't allowed to audit broker-dealers with whom they're investing. He agreed to forfeit $3.18 million in accounting fees and withdrawals from his account with Madoff, as well as his three-story, 4,400-square-foot house in New City and one other property. Friehling faces a maximum sentence of 114 years in prison, but unlike Madoff has agreed to cooperate with the government. The guilty plea effectively ended his career as an accountant; the SEC is not allowed to accept audits from convicted felons. He lost his CPA license on July 19, 2010. Had he gone to trial, he faced over 100 years in prison if convicted.
Friehling's sentencing was originally set for February 2010, but was postponed several times at the prosecutors' request due to his cooperation with the government's effort to unwind Madoff's crimes. It was initially rescheduled to September 2010 (at the request of the prosecution, citing Friehling's "continuing cooperation with the Government"). In March 2012 it was postponed to October 26, 2012. In July 2014, it was postponed to December 2014. In late 2014, it was postponed again.
In May 2015, U.S. District Judge Laura Taylor Swain sentenced Friehling to one year of home detention and one year of supervised release. Friehling avoided prison because he cooperated extensively with federal prosecutors and because he had been unaware of the extent of Madoff's crimes. Addressing the court at the hearing, Friehling apologized to Madoff's victims. Referring to Madoff's reported statement that he was a "dumb auditor," Friehling said: "I would rather be regarded as dumb than crooked. I did not question what I should have questioned."
Swain accepted the plea terms, but suggested that Friehling be forced to pay part of the overall $130 million forfeiture arising from the fraud. Swain said that she did not believe Friehling's nonfeasance took place "in a vacuum," and felt the forfeiture was necessary to hold the defendants to account even though it will likely never be repaid in full.
Personal life and family
- "Free Birthday Database". Birthdatabase.com. November 27, 1959. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Chung, Joanna (March 22, 2009). "Madoff investigation is far from over - FT.com". Financial Times. Retrieved March 22, 2009.
- Steve Israel (March 22, 2009). "Madoff mess has local link". recordonline.com. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- "Securities and Exchange Commission v. David G. Friehling, Friehling & Horowitz, CPAs, P.E." (PDF). United States District Court, Southern District Of New York. March 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2015. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
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- Bray, Chad (July 18, 2009). "Madoff Ex-Auditor Friehling Enters a Plea of Not Guilty". The Wall Street Journal.
- Lieberman, Steve. Sentencing of Madoff's New City auditor put off again. The Journal News, 2014-07-04.
- Pavlo, Walter (September 16, 2011). "David Friehling, Madoff's Accountant, Sentencing Postponed....Again". Forbes.
- United States v. David Friehling – Court’s Order Adjourning Sentencing to Sept. 3, 2010, United States v. David G. Friehling, The United States Department of Justice, retrieved July 25, 2010
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- Matthew Goldstein, Madoff Accountant Avoids Prison Term, New York Times (May 28, 2015).
- "Press Release: SEC Charges Madoff Auditors With Fraud; 2009–60; March 18, 2009". Sec.gov. March 18, 2009. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Efrati, Amir (March 19, 2009). "Accountant Arrested for Sham Audits". The Wall Street Journal.
- Lisa Cornell, Jeremy Friehling, Son of Bernard Madoff's Accountant, Kills Himself in Ohio, Huffington Post (November 18, 2012).
- "Bernie Madoff accountant's son shoots himself dead in Ohio department". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 17, 2012.