Dawud al-Antaki

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Dawud Ibn 'Umar al-Antaki or David of Antioch (Arabic: داود الأنطاكي ; Antioch - Makkah al-Mukarramah, 1599) was a blind Syrian Christian physician and pharmacist active in Cairo.[1]

After the hey-day of medicine in the medieval Islamic world and after the work of Ibn Al-Nafis (died 1288), Daud Al-Antaki was one of three great names in the field of Arabic medicine in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries CE, alongside the Iraqi scholar Yusuf Ibn Ismail Al-Kutbi and the Turkish doctor Khadir Ibn Ali Hajji Basa.[2] The seminal western historian of Arabic medicine Lucien Leclerc (1876) considered Al-Antaki "dernier représentant de la médecine arabe."[3]


The Tadhkira[edit]

He is known primarily for an Arabic language reference work on medicine, natural history and the occult sciences called the Tadhkira.[4]

The Tayzin[edit]

Daud al-Antaki is also traditionally ascribed as the author of the collection of chaste love poetry the Tazyin.[5] This contains some commentary on Christian Arab traditions.[6]


  1. ^ Sleïm Ammar Poème de la médecine arabe - 1990 Page 147 "Daoud Al Antaki (1543 - 1599 J.C.) était un médecin très cultivé (et aveugle) connaissant à fond le latin. Exerça aussi au Caire, léguant des ouvrages de logique et de mathématique appréciés". "Dernier représentant de la médecine ..."
  2. ^ Impact of science on society Unesco - 1976- Volumes 26 à 27 - Page 145 [Reprinted in Ziauddin Sardar The Touch of Midas: Science, Values, and Environment in Islam and the West 1984 p82] "After the work of Ibn Al-Nafis, Muslim creativity in medicine began to decline. Yet the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries produced three great names in the field: Yet the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries produced three great names in the field: the 'Iraqi Yusuf Ibn Isma'il Al-Kutbi, the Turk, Khadir Ibn 'Ali Hajji Basa, and Daud Al-Antaki (d. 1599)."
  3. ^ Lucien Leclerc LECLERC Lucien (Ville-sur-Illon, Vosges, 1816-Ville-sur-Illon, 1893) Médecin militaire, Histoire de la médicine arabe 1876
  4. ^ Martin Levey Early Arabic Pharmacology: An Introduction Based on Ancient and ... - 1973 Page 170 "Another work, also by a Cairo authority, al-Antaki (d. 1599) must be mentioned because of its popularity in the Near East. It is "Memorandum for Intelligent People." It contains much diverse material but is primarily an alphabetical list of drugs."
  5. ^ EALB - Essays in Arabic Literary Biography 1350-1850 ed. Roger M. A. Allen, Joseph Edmund Lowry, Terri DeYoung, Devin J. Stewart "al-Antaki has probably been better known to Western scholars, at least by name, as the author of the Tazyin. This is a literary anthology of the thematics of chaste love, which serves as a psychological taxonomy."
  6. ^ Representations of the Divine in Arabic Poetry - Page 69 Gert Borg, Ed De Moor - 2001 "Dawud al-Antaki (Tazyin, ii, 77) identifies the worshipper on the mountain as "the monk Nicholas (al-rdhib Niqula) who lived in Antioch in the church of al-Brtzfa (?), and who was sent by Luke as a warner to the people of the dam (? ahl al-sadd) ."