de Havilland Moth Minor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
DH.94 Moth Minor
Moth Minor A21-42 Benalla 2012-06-03.jpg
An ex-RAAF DH.94 Moth Minor at the Benalla Aviation Museum in June 2012
Role Tourer/Trainer
Manufacturer de Havilland
Designer J.P. Smith
First flight 22 June 1937
Number built c.140
Unit cost

The de Havilland DH.94 Moth Minor was a 1930s British two-seat tourer/trainer aircraft built by de Havilland at Hatfield Aerodrome, England and by de Havilland Australia at Bankstown Aerodrome, Australia.

Design and development[edit]

DH.94 Moth Minor Coupe at Portsmouth Airport in September 1954

The Moth Minor was designed as a low-wing monoplane to replace the biplane Moth series, and was intended to give similar performance with less power, without the need for rigging. Its predecessor was the DH.81 Swallow Moth monoplane of 1931, of which only one was built. The wooden prototype of the DH.94 was first flown by Geoffrey de Havilland on 22 June 1937 at Hatfield Aerodrome.[1] Production started and nearly 100 examples had been built by the outbreak of the Second World War. With a selling price of only £575[1] the Moth Minor was popular with flying clubs keen to acquire modern monoplanes. Nine aircraft were specially built with hinged coupe tops instead of the normally open cockpit.

As the factory at Hatfield was needed for the war effort, the drawings, jigs, components and unfinished aircraft were shipped to the de Havilland factory at Bankstown, Sydney. More than 40 aircraft were produced in Australia.[1]

Civil aircraft operated in the United Kingdom were commandeered for use by the Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm, and one example was used by the United States Army Air Corps. A large number of civil aircraft from the UK were sent to Australia, where they and a handful of locally built Australian civil aircraft were commandeered by the Royal Australian Air Force.[2]

After the Second World War several Moth Minors continued to be flown by private owners in the United Kingdom.


  • DH.94 Moth Minor : Two-seat touring and training aircraft.
  • Moth Minor Coupe : Two-seat touring and training aircraft, with a built-up rear fuselage and hinged cabin top.


Military operators[edit]

 New Zealand
 South Africa
 United Kingdom
 United States


Data from British Civil Aircraft since 1919, Vol 2 [1]

General characteristics


Surviving aircraft[edit]

  • VH-AIB ex RAAF A21-38 C/N DHP17, still airworthy, is owned by Steve Jenkins and located at Goolwa SA.[3][4][5][6]
  • VH-CZB ex RAAF A21-42 C/N 94067, still airworthy, is owned by Mark Carr and located at the Benalla Aviation Museum, Vic.[3][7][8][9]

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists



  1. ^ a b c d Jackson, A.J. (1973). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 2. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10010-7. 
  2. ^ ADF Serials list of RAAF Moth Minors. Retrieved: 11 December 2008
  3. ^ a b ADF Serials list of RAAF Moth Minors. Retrieved: 16 June 2012
  4. ^ Clyde North Aeronautical Preservation Group. Retrieved: 16 June 2012
  5. ^ Retrieved: 16 June 2012
  6. ^ Ed Coates Aircraft Photographs. Retrieved: 16 June 2012
  7. ^ Adventure Flights Benalla – List of Aircraft Retrieved: 16 June 2012
  8. ^ Australian Warbirds. Retrieved: 16 June 2012
  9. ^ Retrieved: 16 June 2012


External links[edit]