Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet
|F/A-18E/F Super Hornet|
|U.S. Navy F/A-18F Super Hornet|
|Role||Carrier-based multirole fighter|
|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||McDonnell Douglas |
Boeing Defense, Space & Security
|First flight||29 November 1995|
|Primary users||United States Navy|
Royal Australian Air Force
Kuwait Air Force
|Number built||608+ as of April 2020|
|Developed from||McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet|
|Variants||Boeing EA-18G Growler|
The Boeing F/A-18E and F/A-18F Super Hornet are twin-engine, carrier-capable, multirole fighter aircraft variants based on the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet. The F/A-18E single-seat and F/A-18F tandem-seat variants are larger and more advanced derivatives of the F/A-18C and D Hornet.
The Super Hornet has an internal 20 mm M61 rotary cannon and can carry air-to-air missiles and air-to-surface weapons. Additional fuel can be carried in up to five external fuel tanks and the aircraft can be configured as an airborne tanker by adding an external air-to-air refueling system.
Designed and initially produced by McDonnell Douglas, the Super Hornet first flew in 1995. Low-rate production began in early 1997 with full-rate production starting in September 1997, after the merger of McDonnell Douglas and Boeing the previous month. The Super Hornet entered fleet service with the United States Navy in 1999, replacing the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, which was retired in 2006; the Super Hornet has served alongside the original Hornet. The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), which has operated the F/A-18A as its main fighter since 1984, ordered the F/A-18F in 2007 to replace its aging General Dynamics F-111C fleet. RAAF Super Hornets entered service in December 2010.
The Super Hornet is an evolutionary redesign of the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet. The Super Hornet's unique wing and tail configuration can be traced back to an internal Northrop project P-530, c. 1965; this had started as a substantial rework of the lightweight F-5E with a larger wing, twin tail fins and a distinctive leading edge root extension (LERX). Later flying as the Northrop YF-17 "Cobra", it competed in the United States Air Force's Lightweight Fighter (LWF) program to produce a smaller and simpler fighter to complement the larger McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle; the YF-17 lost the competition to the YF-16.
The Navy directed that the YF-17 be redesigned into the larger F/A-18 Hornet to meet a requirement for a multi-role fighter to complement the larger and more expensive Grumman F-14 Tomcat serving in fleet defense interceptor and air superiority roles. The Hornet proved to be effective but limited in combat radius. The concept of an enlarged Hornet was first proposed in the 1980s, which was marketed by McDonnell Douglas as Hornet 2000. The Hornet 2000 concept was an advanced F/A-18 with a larger wing and a longer fuselage to carry more fuel and more powerful engines.
The end of the Cold War led to a period of military budget cuts and considerable restructuring. At the same time, U.S. Naval Aviation faced a number of problems. The McDonnell Douglas A-12 Avenger II was canceled in 1991 after the program ran into serious problems; it was intended to replace the obsolete Grumman A-6 Intruder and LTV A-7 Corsair II. The Navy considered updating an existing design as a more attractive approach to a clean-sheet program. As an alternative to the A-12, McDonnell Douglas proposed the "Super Hornet" (initially "Hornet II" in the 1980s), an improvement of the successful previous F/A-18 models, which could serve as an alternate replacement for the A-6 Intruder. The next-generation Hornet design proved more attractive than Grumman's Quick Strike upgrade to the F-14 Tomcat, which was regarded as an insufficient technological leap over existing F-14s.
At the time, the Grumman F-14 Tomcat was the Navy's primary air superiority fighter and fleet defense interceptor. Then-Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney described the F-14 as 1960s technology, and drastically cut back F-14D procurement in 1989 before cancelling production altogether in 1991, in favor of the updated F/A-18E/F. The decision to replace the Tomcat with an all-Hornet Carrier Air Wing was controversial; Vietnam War ace and Congressman Duke Cunningham criticized the Super Hornet as an unproven design that compromised air superiority. In 1992, the Navy canceled the Navy Advanced Tactical Fighter (NATF), which would have been a navalized variant of the Air Force's Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor. As a cheaper alternative to NATF, Grumman proposed substantial improvements to the F-14 beyond Quick Strike, but Congress rejected them as too costly and reaffirmed its commitment to the less expensive F/A-18E/F.
Testing and production
The Super Hornet was first ordered by the U.S. Navy in 1992. The Navy retained the F/A-18 designation to help sell the program to Congress as a low-risk "derivative", though the Super Hornet is largely a new aircraft. The Hornet and Super Hornet share many characteristics, including avionics, ejection seats, radar, armament, mission computer software, and maintenance/operating procedures. The initial F/A-18E/F retained most of the avionics systems from the F/A-18C/D's configuration at the time. The design would be expanded in the Super Hornet with an empty weight slightly greater than the F-15C.
The Super Hornet first flew on 29 November 1995. Initial production on the F/A-18E/F began in 1995. Flight testing started in 1996 with the F/A-18E/F's first carrier landing in 1997. Low-rate production began in March 1997 with full production beginning in September 1997. Testing continued through 1999, finishing with sea trials and aerial refueling demonstrations. Testing involved 3,100 test flights covering 4,600 flight hours. The Super Hornet underwent U.S. Navy operational tests and evaluations in 1999, and was approved in February 2000.
With the retirement of the F-14 in 2006, all of the Navy's combat jets have been Hornet variants until the F-35C Lightning II entered service. The F/A-18E single-seat and F/A-18F two-seat aircraft took the place of the F-14 Tomcat, A-6 Intruder, Lockheed S-3 Viking, and KA-6D aircraft. An electronic warfare variant, the EA-18G Growler, replaces the EA-6B Prowler. The Navy calls this reduction in aircraft types a "neck-down". During the Vietnam War era, the Super Hornet's roles were performed by a combination of the A-1/A-4/A-7 (light attack), A-6 (medium attack), F-8/F-4 (fighter), RA-5C (recon), KA-3/KA-6 (tanker), and EA-6 (electronic warfare). It was anticipated that $1 billion in fleetwide annual savings would result from replacing other types with the Super Hornet. The Navy considers the Super Hornet's acquisition a success, meeting cost, schedule, and weight (400 lb, 181 kg below) requirements.
Improvements and changes
The Block II Super Hornet incorporates an improved active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, larger displays, the joint helmet mounted cueing system, and several other avionics replacements. Avionics and weapons systems that were under development for the prospective production version of the Boeing X-32 were used on the Block II Super Hornet. New-build aircraft received the APG-79 AESA radar beginning in 2005. In January 2008, it was announced that 135 earlier production aircraft were to be retrofitted with AESA radars.
In 2008, Boeing discussed the development of a Super Hornet Block III with the U.S. and Australian military, featuring additional stealth capabilities and extended range. In 2010, Boeing offered prospective Super Hornet customers the "International Roadmap", which included conformal fuel tanks, enhanced engines, an enclosed weapons pod (EWP), a next-generation cockpit, a new missile warning system, and an internal infra-red search and track (IRST) system. The EWP has four internal stations for munitions, a single aircraft can carry a total of three EWPs, housing up to 12 AMRAAMs and 2 Sidewinders. The next-generation cockpit features a 19 x 11-inch touch-sensitive display. In 2011, Boeing received a US Navy contract to develop a new mission computer.
In 2007, Boeing stated that a passive Infrared Search and Track (IRST) sensor would be an available future option. The sensor, mounted in a modified centerline fuel tank, detects long wave IR emissions to spot and track targets such as aircraft; combat using the IRST and AIM-9X Sidewinder missiles is immune to radar jamming. In May 2009, Lockheed Martin announced its selection by Boeing for the IRST's technology development phase, and a contract followed in November 2011. As of September 2013[update], a basic IRST would be fielded in 2016 and a longer-range version in 2019; sequestration cuts in 2013 could cause two years of delays. An F/A-18F performed a flight equipped with the IRST system in February 2014, and Milestone C approval authorizing low-rate initial production (LRIP) was granted in December 2014.
Advanced Super Hornet
Boeing and Northrop Grumman self-funded a prototype of the Advanced Super Hornet. The prototype features a 50% reduction in frontal radar cross-section (RCS), conformal fuel tanks (CFT), and an enclosed weapons pod. Features could also be integrated onto the EA-18G Growler; using CFTs on the EA-18G fleet was speculated as useful to releasing underwing space and drag margin for the Next Generation Jammer. Flight tests of the Advanced Super Hornet began on 5 August 2013 and continued for three weeks, testing the performance of CFTs, the enclosed weapons pod (EWP), and signature enhancements. The U.S. Navy was reportedly pleased with the Advanced Super Hornet's flight test results, and hopes it will provide future procurement options.
In March 2013, the U.S. Navy was considering the widespread adoption of conformal fuel tanks, which would allow the Super Hornet to carry 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) of additional fuel. Budgetary pressures from the F-35C Lightning II and Pacific region operations were cited as reasons supporting the use of CFTs. Flight testing demonstrated CFTs could slightly reduce drag while expanding the combat range by 260 nautical miles (300 mi; 480 km). The prototype CFT weighed 1,500 lb (680 kg), while production CFTs are expected to weigh 870 lb (390 kg). Boeing stated that the CFTs do not add any cruise drag but acknowledged a negative impact imposed on transonic acceleration due to increased wave drag. General Electric's enhanced performance engine (EPE), increasing the F414-GE-400's power output from 22,000 to 26,400 lbf (98 to 117 kN) of thrust per engine, was suggested as a mitigating measure. In 2009, development commenced on several engine improvements, including greater resistance to foreign object damage, reduced fuel burn rate, and potentially increased thrust of up to 20%.
In 2014, Boeing revealed a Super Hornet hybrid concept, equipped with the EA-18G Growler's electronic signal detection capabilities to allow for targets engagement using the receiver; the concept did not include the ALQ-99 jamming pod. Growth capabilities could include the addition of a long-range infrared search and track sensor and new air-to-air tracking modes.
In 2019, Boeing received a $4 billion contract to deliver 78 Block III Super Hornets for the Navy through fiscal 2021. The Navy plans to sign year to year contracts with Boeing to convert all of its Block II aircraft to Block III variants through 2033.
The Super Hornet is largely a new aircraft at about 20% larger, 7,000 lb (3,200 kg) heavier empty weight, and 15,000 lb (6,800 kg) heavier maximum weight than the original Hornet. The Super Hornet carries 33% more internal fuel, increasing mission range by 41% and endurance by 50% over the "Legacy" Hornet. The empty weight of the Super Hornet is about 11,000 lb (5,000 kg) less than that of the F-14 Tomcat which it replaced, while approaching, but not matching, the F-14's payload and range.[N 1] As the Super Hornet is significantly heavier than the legacy Hornet, the catapult and arresting systems must be set differently. To aid safe flight operations and prevent confusion in radio calls, the Super Hornet is informally referred to as the "Rhino" to distinguish it from earlier Hornets. (The "Rhino" nickname was previously applied to the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, which was retired from the fleet in 1987.)
The Super Hornet, unlike the previous Hornet, is designed to be equipped with an aerial refueling system (ARS) or "buddy store" for the refueling of other aircraft, filling the tactical airborne tanker role the Navy had lost with the retirement of the KA-6D and Lockheed S-3B Viking tankers. The ARS includes an external 330 US gal (1,200 L) tank with hose reel on the centerline, along with four external 480 US gal (1,800 L) tanks and internal tanks, for a total of 29,000 lb (13,000 kg) of fuel on the aircraft. On typical missions a fifth of the air wing is dedicated to the tanker role, which consumes aircraft fatigue life expectancy faster than other missions.
The forward fuselage is unchanged, but the remainder of the aircraft shares little with earlier F/A-18C/D models. The fuselage was stretched by 34 in (86 cm) to make room for fuel and future avionics upgrades and increased the wing area by 25%. However, the Super Hornet has 42% fewer structural parts than the original Hornet design. The General Electric F414 engine, developed from the Hornet's F404, has 35% additional thrust over most of the aircraft's flight envelope. The Super Hornet can return to an aircraft carrier with a larger load of unspent fuel and munitions than the original Hornet; this ability is known as "bringback", which for the Super Hornet is in excess of 9,000 lb (4,100 kg).
Other differences include intake ramps for the engines and two extra wing hard points for payload (for a total of 11), retaining previous hardpoints on the bottom centerline, wingtips, and two conformal fuselage positions. Among the most significant aerodynamic changes are the enlarged leading edge extensions (LEX) which provide improved vortex lifting characteristics in high angle of attack maneuvers, and reduce the static stability margin to enhance pitching characteristics. This results in pitch rates in excess of 40 degrees per second, and high resistance to departure from controlled flight.
Radar signature reduction measures
Survivability is an important feature of the Super Hornet design. The U.S. Navy took a "balanced approach" to survivability in its design. This means that it does not rely on very low-observable technology, i.e. stealth. Instead, its design incorporates a combination of signature reduction, advanced electronic-warfare capabilities, reduced ballistic vulnerability, use of standoff weapons, and innovative tactics that collectively enhance the safety of the fighter and crew in an affordable manner.
The F/A-18E/F's radar cross-section was reduced greatly from some aspects, mainly the front and rear. The design of the engine inlets reduces the aircraft's frontal radar cross-section. The alignment of the leading edges of the engine inlets is designed to scatter radiation to the sides. Fixed fanlike reflecting structures in the inlet tunnel divert radar energy away from the rotating fan blades.
The Super Hornet also makes considerable use of panel joint serration and edge alignment. Considerable attention has been paid to the removal or filling of unnecessary surface join gaps and resonant cavities. Where the F/A-18A-D used grilles to cover various accessory exhaust and inlet ducts, the F/A-18E/F uses perforated panels that appear opaque to radar waves at the frequencies used. Careful attention has been paid to the alignment of many panel boundaries and edges, to direct reflected waves away from the aircraft in uniformly narrow angles.
While the F/A-18E/F is not a stealth fighter like the F-22, it will have a frontal radar cross-section an order of magnitude smaller than prior generation fighters. Additional changes for reducing RCS can be installed on an as-needed basis.
Initially, the Super Hornet's avionics and software had a 90% commonality with that of the F/A-18C/D fleet at the time. Differences include an up-front Touchscreen control display; a large multipurpose color liquid-crystal display; and a fuel display. The Super Hornet has a quadruplex digital fly-by-wire system, as well as a digital flight-control system that detects and corrects for battle damage. Initial production models used the APG-73 radar, later replaced by the AN/APG-79 active electronically scanned array (AESA). The AN/ASQ-228 ATFLIR (Advanced Targeting Forward Looking InfraRed), is the main electro-optical sensor and laser designator pod for the Super Hornet. The communications equipment consist of an AN/ARC-210 VHF/UHF radio and a MIDS-JTRS low volume terminal for HAVE QUICK, SINCGARS and Link 16 connectivity.
The defensive countermeasures of Block I aircraft includes the AN/ALR-67(V)3 radar warning receiver, the AN/ALE-47 countermeasures dispenser, the AN/ALE-50 towed decoy and the AN/ALQ-165 Airborne Self-Protect Jammer (ASPJ). Block II aircraft replace the ALQ-165 with the AN/ALQ-214 Integrated Defensive Countermeasures (IDECM) system, consisting of internally mounted threat receivers and optional self-protection jammers. Interior and exterior lighting on the Block II was changed to allow the use of night vision devices. The older ALE-50 decoys are being replaced by ALE-55 towed decoys, which can transmit jamming signals based on data received from the IDECM. The improved AN/ALQ-214 jammer was added on Block II aircraft.
Block II aircraft were fitted with the AN/APG-79 AESA radar, capable of executing simultaneous air-to-air and air-to-ground attacks, and providing higher quality high-resolution ground mapping at long standoff ranges. The AESA radar can also detect smaller targets, such as inbound missiles and can track air targets beyond the range of the aircraft's air-to-air missiles. VFA-213, the first Super Hornet squadron to fly AESA-equipped Super Hornets, became "safe for flight" (independently fly and maintain the F/A-18F) on 27 October 2006. The first Super Hornet upgraded with the Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System (JHMCS) was delivered to VFA-213 on 18 May 2007. The JHMCS provides multi-purpose situational awareness, which includes high-off-boresight missile cuing. The Shared Reconnaissance Pod (SHARP) is a high-resolution, digital tactical aerial reconnaissance system that features advanced day/night and all-weather capability. The Multifunctional Information Distribution System low volume communication terminal is being upgraded with the MIDS-JTRS system, which will allow a tenfold increase in bandwidth as well as compatibility with the Joint Tactical Radio System standards.
Development of Block III avionics upgrades has been underway as of April 2019.
The Super Hornet entered fleet service with the U.S. Navy in 1999. It achieved initial operating capability (IOC) in September 2001 with the U.S. Navy's Strike Fighter Squadron 115 (VFA-115) at Naval Air Station Lemoore, California. VFA-115 was also the first unit to take their F/A-18 Super Hornets into combat. On 6 November 2002, two F/A-18Es conducted a "Response Option" strike in support of Operation Southern Watch on two surface-to-air missile launchers at Al Kut, Iraq and an air defense command and control bunker at Tallil air base. One of the pilots dropped 2,000 lb (910 kg) JDAM bombs from the Super Hornet for the first time during combat.
In support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraq War), VFA-14, VFA-41 and VFA-115 flew close air support, strike, escort, SEAD and aerial refueling sorties. Two F/A-18Es from VFA-14 and two F/A-18Fs from VFA-41 were forward deployed to the Abraham Lincoln. The VFA-14 aircraft flew mostly as aerial refuelers and the VFA-41 fighters as Forward Air Controller (Airborne) or FAC(A)s. On 6 April 2005, VFA-154 and VFA-147 (the latter squadron then still operating F/A-18Cs) dropped two 500-pound (230 kg) laser-guided bombs on an enemy insurgent location east of Baghdad.
On 8 September 2006, VFA-211 F/A-18F Super Hornets expended GBU-12 and GBU-38 bombs against Taliban fighters and Taliban fortifications west and northwest of Kandahar. This was the first time the unit had participated in an active combat capacity using the Super Hornet.
During the 2006–2007 cruise with Dwight D. Eisenhower, VFA-103 and VFA-143 supported Operations Iraqi Freedom, Enduring Freedom and operations off the Somali coast. Alongside "Legacy Hornet" squadrons, VFA-131 and VFA-83, they dropped 140 precision guided weapons and performed nearly 70 strafing runs. The Super Hornet can operate from the French nuclear carrier Charles de Gaulle (R91).
In 2007, Boeing proposed additional F/A-18E/Fs to the U.S. Navy in a multi-year contract. As of October 2008, Boeing had delivered 367 Super Hornets to the U.S. Navy. On 6 April 2009, Defense Secretary Gates announced that the Department of Defense intended to acquire 31 F/A-18s in FY2010. Congress requested the DoD study a further multi-year contract so that a projected fighter shortfall could be averted; in 2006, the Navy was 60 fighters below its validated aircraft requirement. The FY2010 budget bill authorized a multiyear purchase agreement for additional Super Hornets. A multi-year contract was finalized on 28 September 2010, reported as saving $600 million over individual yearly contracts, for 66 Super Hornets and 58 Growlers to mitigate a four-year delay in the F-35 program.
On 7 August 2014, U.S. defense officials announced they had been authorized to launch bombing missions upon Islamic State (IS) forces in northern Iraq. The decision to take direct action was made to protect U.S. personnel in the city of Irbil and to ensure the safety of transport aircraft making airdrops to Yazidi civilians. Early on 8 August, two Super Hornets took off from the George H.W. Bush and dropped 500 lb laser-guided bombs on a "mobile artillery piece" the militants had been using to shell Kurdish forces defending the city. Later that day, four more aircraft struck a seven-vehicle convoy and a mortar position.
On 18 June 2017, a U.S. Navy F/A-18E shot down a Syrian Air Force Su-22 fighter-bomber that allegedly had bombed a position held by U.S.-supported Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) near Tabqa; the Syrian government claimed the Su-22 was bombing an IS position. This was the first aerial kill of a manned aircraft by an American fighter since 1999, the first by the Navy since the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the first kill by a Super Hornet, and the third kill by an F/A-18. An E-3 Sentry issued several warnings to the Su-22 and, after it dropped bombs near SDF fighters, the F/A-18E, piloted by Lieutenant Commander Michael "MOB" Tremel, a pilot assigned to Strike Fighter Squadron 87 aboard the carrier George H.W. Bush, independently chose to shoot it down based on established rules of engagement. The F/A-18E first missed with an AIM-9X Sidewinder, then hit the Su-22 with an AIM-120 AMRAAM; the encounter lasted eight minutes.
Royal Australian Air Force
On 3 May 2007, the Australian Government signed an A$2.9 billion contract to acquire 24 F/A-18Fs for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as an interim replacement for its aging F-111s. It was reported, in July 2007, that the order for the F/A-18F would also prevent, in the event of significant delays to the F-35 program, any difficulties that might be caused by a need to quickly replace the RAAF's existing fleet of "Classic Hornets" (F/A-18A/B). The total cost of the Super Hornet purchase, with training and support over 10 years, was expected to be A$6 billion (US$4.6 billion).
The order was controversial. A former RAAF air (operations) commander, Air Vice Marshal (retired) Peter Criss, said that he was "absolutely astounded" that $6 billion would be spent on an interim aircraft, and cited the US Senate Armed Services Committee, to the effect that the "excess power" of the Block I Super Hornet was inferior to that of the MiG-29 and Su-30, both of which were being operated by, or were on order for, air forces in South East Asia. Another former senior RAAF officer, Air Commodore (ret.) Ted Bushell stated that the F/A-18F could not perform the strategic deterrent/strike role assigned to the F-111C and the latter could carry out the strategic deterrent/strike role until 2020 at least.
A review was announced on 31 December 2007, by the new Australian Labor government, as part of a wider review of the RAAF's combat aircraft procurement plans. The main reasons given were concerns over operational suitability, the lack of a proper review process, and internal beliefs that an interim fighter was not required. On 17 March 2008, the Government announced that it would proceed with plans to acquire all 24 F/A-18Fs. Defence Minister Joel Fitzgibbon said that the Super Hornet was an "excellent aircraft"; he also indicated that costs and logistical factors contributed to the decision: the F-111's retirement was "irreversible"; "only" the F/A-18F could meet the timeframe and that cancellation "would bring significant financial penalties and create understandable tensions between the contract partners."
The Block II package aircraft offered to the RAAF include installed engines and six spares, APG-79 AESA radars, Link 16 connectivity, LAU-127 guided missile launchers, AN/ALE-55 fiber optic towed decoys and other equipment. The government has also sought U.S. export approval for Boeing EA-18G Growlers. On 27 February 2009, Fitzgibbon announced that 12 of the 24 Super Hornets would be wired on the production line for future modification as EA-18Gs. The additional wiring would cost A$35 million. The final decision on conversion to EA-18Gs, at a cost of A$300 million, would be made in 2012.
The first RAAF Super Hornet was completed in 2009 and first flew from Boeing's factory in St. Louis, Missouri on 21 July 2009. RAAF crews began training in the U.S. in 2009. The RAAF's first five F/A-18Fs arrived at their home base, RAAF Base Amberley in Queensland, on 26 March 2010; and were joined by six more aircraft on 7 July 2010. Following the arrival of another four aircraft in December 2010, the first RAAF F/A-18F squadron was declared operational on 9 December 2010.
In December 2012, the Australian government sought information from the United States about the cost of acquiring a further 24 F/A-18Fs, which may be purchased to avoid a capability gap due to F-35 program delays. In February 2013, the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of a possible Foreign Military Sale to Australia for up to 12 F/A-18E/F and 12 EA-18G Growler aircraft with associated equipment, training and logistical support. In May 2013, Australia announced they would retain the 24 F/A-18F instead of converting them, and will order 12 new EA-18Gs. In June 2014 Boeing was awarded the contract for the 12 EA-18Gs, and the first EA-18G for Australia was rolled out on 29 July 2015.
On 24 September 2014, eight RAAF F/A-18Fs, along with a tanker, an early warning aircraft, and 400 personnel arrived in the United Arab Emirates to take part in operations against Islamic State (IS) militants. On 5 October 2014, the RAAF officially started combat missions over Iraq, with a pair of F/A-18Fs armed with GPS guided bombs and a KC-30A refuelling aircraft; they returned safely to base without attacking targets. On 8 October 2014, an Australian Super Hornet conducted its first attack against IS forces, dropping two bombs on an ISIL facility in northern Iraq. In 2017, the Royal Australian Air Force replaced the No. 6 Squadron RAAF Super Hornets with EA-18G and transferred No. 6's Super Hornets to No. 1 Squadron RAAF.
On 8 December 2020, the crew onboard Super Hornet A44-223 ejected while the aircraft was taking off at RAAF Base Amberley. After the ejection, the Super Hornet kept rolling until it stopped into a ditch off the side of the runway. There were reports that an eyewitness observed smoke from one of the engines, but the cause of the incident is still under investigation.  A day after the incident, the Royal Australian Air Force announced that the fleet of 24 Super Hornets and 11 EA-18G Growler aircraft had been grounded while the cause of the incident is determined. 
Kuwait Air Force
In May 2015, it was reported that the Kuwait Air Force was planning to order 28 F/A-18E/Fs with options for an additional 12. However, in June 2015 it was reported that Kuwait was considering a split purchase between the Eurofighter Typhoon and the F/A-18E/F. On 11 September 2015, Kuwait signed an agreement for 28 Eurofighter aircraft. In November 2016, a proposed sale to Kuwait of 32 F/A-18E and 8 F/A-18F fighters, armaments, associated equipment, and conformal fuel tanks was approved by the U.S. State Department and Congress was notified.
In June 2018, the Kuwaiti Government ordered 22 F/A-18Es and 6 F/A-18Fs. The value of the contract was US$1.5 billion. All of the aircraft were scheduled to be delivered by January 2021, but now will be delivered later in 2021 due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
The Super Hornet has been a contender to replace the CF-18 Hornet, a version of the F/A-18A and B models, operated by the Royal Canadian Air Force. Like the older Hornet, the Super Hornet's design is well-suited to Northern Canada's rugged forward operational airfields, while its extended range removes its predecessor's main deficiency. Due to commonalities, training and integration would be straightforward in transitioning to the Super Hornet. In 2010, Canada decided on sole source selection of the F-35A. Boeing claimed that Canada had ignored the Super Hornet's radar cross-section characteristics during evaluation. By April 2012, Canada was reportedly reviewing its F-35 procurement. In September 2013, Boeing provided Canada with data on its Advanced Super Hornet, suggesting that a fleet of 65 aircraft would cost $1.7 billion less than a fleet of F-35s. The US Navy buys Super Hornets for $52 million per aircraft, while the advanced model costs $6–$10 million more per aircraft, dependent on options selected.
As a result of the 2015 Canadian federal election, the new Liberal government indicated that it would launch a competition to replace the CF-18 fleet. During the election, Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau stated that his government would not buy the F-35. On 22 November 2016, the Liberal government announced its intention to acquire 18 Super Hornets on an interim basis. A letter of request by the Canadian government was issued 14 March 2017 for 18 Super Hornets. In September 2017, the U.S State Department granted Canada permission to buy 10 F/A-18Es and 8 F/A-18Fs (or EA-18Gs) along with supporting equipment, spares, and armaments. The agreed cost for the 18 jets totaled CA$1.5 billion, or about CA$83.3 million per aircraft, adding the supporting equipment, training, spares, and weapons increased the acquisition cost to CA$6.3 billion.
However, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau warned that pending Super Hornet sale to Canada along with a possible sale of another 70 was adversely affected by Boeing's actions against Bombardier Aerospace of Montreal. These included a complaint to the US government about Bombardier selling CSeries airliners to Delta Air Lines at unduly low prices; in September 2017, the U.S. Department of Commerce proposed a 219% tariff on CSeries imported into the US. In late 2017, the Canadian Government agreed with Australia to purchase 18 used F/A-18 Hornets as an interim measure to ensure fleet readiness. Boeing has confirmed its bid for the Advanced Fighter Program, likely offering a mix of 88 F/A-18E/F Advanced Super Hornets (Block III) and Boeing EA-18G Growler.
In June 2015, a working group set up by the Finnish MoD proposed starting the so-called HX Fighter Program to replace the Finnish Air Force's current fleet of F/A-18C/D Hornets, which will reach the end of their service life by the end of the 2020s. The group recognises five potential types: Boeing F/A-18E/F Advanced Super Hornet, Dassault Rafale, Eurofighter Typhoon, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II and Saab JAS 39 Gripen.
In May 2016, the Pentagon announced that two US manufacturers will respond to the information request regarding the fighter acquisition: Boeing with the Super Hornet and Lockheed Martin with the F-35. The request for information concerning the program was sent in early 2016 with five responses received in November 2016. A call for tender will be sent in spring 2018 and the buying decision is scheduled to take place in 2021. In February 2020, three Super Hornet aircraft arrived at the Tampere-Pirkkala Airbase in Finland for final flight evaluations in the HX Fighter Program, a single-seat F/A-18E, a twin-seat F/A-18F and an EA-18G. The evaluations concluded on 28 February 2020.
Germany requires a replacement for its aging Panavia Tornado fleet which includes both Tornado IDS (interdictor/strike) and ECR (Electronic Combat/Reconnaissance) variants. Germany considered ordering the F-35, Eurofighter Typhoon, the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and the EA-18G Growler.
In April 2020, Germany's defense secretary announced a plan to replace its Panavia Tornado aircraft with a split purchase of 30 Super Hornets, 15 EA-18G Growlers and 55 Eurofighter Typhoons. However the Defense Ministry states this is not a done deal and it is being debated. As of March 2020, the Super Hornet is not certified for the B61 nuclear bombs, but Dan Gillian, head of Boeing's Super Hornet program, previously stated that "We certainly think that we, working with the U.S. government, can meet the German requirements there on the [German's] timeline."
Boeing offered Malaysia Super Hornets as part of a buy-back package for its existing Hornets in 2002. However, the Super Hornet procurement was halted in 2007 after the government decided to purchase the Sukhoi Su-30MKM instead. But Chief Gen. Datuk Nik Ismail Nik Mohamaed of the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) indicated that the air force had not planned to end the Super Hornet procurement, stating that it needed such fighters. Separately, the F/A-18F Super Hornet is a contender for the MRCA program, under which the RMAF is looking to equip three squadrons with 36 to 40 new fighters with an estimated budget of RM6 billion to RM8 billion (US$1.84 billion to US$2.46 billion). Other competitors are the Eurofighter Typhoon, Dassault Rafale and Saab JAS 39 Gripen.
Spain is looking for 68-72 fighters to replace F/A-18A/B Hornet. Possible participants of the tender will be Eurofighter Typhoon, Dassault Rafale, Boeing F/A-18 E/F Advanced Super Hornet, Lockheed F-35 Lightning II.
Boeing first offered the Super Hornet to the Swiss Air Force as a replacement for Swiss F-5E Tigers before withdrawing from the competition on 30 April 2008. The Swiss Air Force was at one point intending to buy the rival Saab Gripen, but this was blocked by Swiss voters in 2014.
In March 2018, Swiss officials named contenders in its Air 2030 program: The Saab Gripen, Dassault Rafale, Eurofighter Typhoon, Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and Lockheed Martin F-35. The program has a budget of US$8 billion but includes not only combat aircraft but also ground-based air defense systems. In October 2018, it was reported by Jane's that the Swiss Air Force may be limited to purchasing a single-engine fighter due to cost. However, a bidder for the programme stated that Swiss Air Force pilots are "so enamoured of their Hornets that they will be inclined to select another two-seat fighter". The F/A-18E/F performed demonstrations for Swiss personnel at Payerne Air Base in April 2019, which was contrasted to flights performed by other bidders.
For India's MMRCA competition, Boeing offered a customized variant called F/A-18IN, which included Raytheon's APG-79 AESA radar. In August 2008, Boeing submitted an industrial participation proposal to India describing partnerships with companies in India. The Indian Air Force (IAF) extensively evaluated the Super Hornets and conducted field trials in August 2009. However, in April 2011, the IAF eliminated the F/A-18IN from the competition which was eventually won by the Dassault Rafale.
In October 2016, India reportedly received three unsolicited bids to replace its MiG-21 and MiG-27 aircraft, including the Super Hornet. In February 2018, the Indian Naval Air Arm was reportedly interested in the Super Hornet as the main carrier-based strike fighter of the in-development Vishal-class aircraft carrier. The aircraft is now competing with 6 other aircraft in a fresh tender which is referred as MMRCA 2.0 in the Indian media, for the procurement of 114 multi-role combat aircraft for the Indian Air Force. In December 2020, Boeing announced that it had successfully launched the aircraft from a ski-jump, noting that this would mean the aircraft was compatible with the Indian Navy's STOBAR carriers.
The United Arab Emirates was reported to have asked for information on the Super Hornet in 2010.
In early 2011, Bulgaria was considering the F/A-18 Super Hornet, among other aircraft, as a replacement for its MiG-21 fleet. After initially selecting the Saab Gripen, the newly elected governing coalition has restarted the program and indicated that the Super Hornet is again under consideration. The decision is expected by July 2018. In December 2018, the Bulgarian Ministry of Defence selected the offer for 8 F-16V from the United States for an estimated 1.8 billion lev ($1.05 billion) as the preferred option, and recommended the government to start talks with the US.
In 2014, Boeing is working with Korean Airlines to offer the Advanced Super Hornet to the Republic of Korea Air Force as an alternative to their KF-X fighter program. Although a fighter based on the Super Hornet would save money, downgrading the program would not give South Korean industry as much knowledge as it would from developing a new fighter.
On 12 March 2014, Belgian newspaper De Morgen reported that Boeing is in talks with the Belgian Ministry of Defence about the Super Hornet as a candidate to replace Belgium's aging F-16 fleet. In April 2017, Boeing announced it would not compete in the competition, citing it "does not see an opportunity to compete on a truly level playing field". On 25 October 2018, Belgium officially selected the offer for 34 F-35As to replace its fleet of around 54 F-16s.
Boeing proposed the Super Hornet to the Brazilian government. It was reported that the Super Hornet was selected as one of three finalists in Brazil's fighter competition in October 2008. Brazil has put forward an initial requirement for 36 aircraft, with a potential total purchase of 120 examples. However news of NSA's spying activity on Brazilian leaders has caused animosity between Brazil and the US. Brazil eventually dropped the Super Hornet from its final list and selected the Saab JAS 39 Gripen in December 2013.
In 2008, the Royal Danish Air Force was offered the Super Hornet as one of three fighters in a Danish competition to replace 48 F-16AM/BMs. The other contenders were the F-35A Joint Strike Fighter and the Eurofighter Typhoon. Denmark is a level-3 partner in the JSF program. The final selection was originally planned for mid-2015 where 24 to 30 fighters were expected. In April 2014, the Danish Ministry of Defence handed over a Request for Binding Information (RBI) that specifically listed the F/A-18F two-seat variant. In December 2015, the decision was postponed to 2016, with the final order's details pending negotiations. In May 2016, the Danish government recommended to parliament that 27 F-35As should be procured instead of 38 Super Hornets.
In September 2016, Boeing, the builder of the F/A18E/F Super Hornet, indicated that they would take legal action against the Danish decision to buy the F-35A, indicating that data used was flawed. In March 2018, Boeing lost the case with the court stating "The court has found that the authorities' decisions on refusal of access to the documents are legal and valid."
During the 2010s, Poland sought to purchase 64 multirole combat aircraft from 2021 to replace the Polish Air Force's fleet of Sukhoi Su-22M4 ground attack aircraft and Mikoyan MiG-29 fighter aircraft. In November 2017, the Armament Inspectorate launched the acquisition process. On 22 December 2017, five entities expressed their will to participate in the market analysis phase of the procurement process, referred to as "Harpia" (harpy eagle), including: Saab AB with Gripen NG, Lockheed Martin with F-35, Boeing Company with F/A-18, Leonardo S.p.A. with Eurofighter Typhoon and Fights-On Logistics with second-hand F-16s. On 28 May 2019, Polish Defense Ministry sent a formal request to buy 32 F-35As.
United States Marine Corps
The United States Marine Corps has avoided the Super Hornet program over fears that any Super Hornet buys will be at the cost of the F-35B STOVL fighters that they intend to operate from amphibious ships. Resistance is so high that they would rather fly former Navy F/A-18Cs. In 2011, the Marine Corps agreed to eventually equip five Marine fighter-attack squadrons (VMFA) with the F-35C carrier variant to continue to augment Navy carrier air wings as they do with the F/A-18C.
On 10 March 2009, Boeing offered the Super Hornet for Greece's Next-Generation Fighter Program.
On 1 August 2010, The Sunday Times reported that the British government was considering canceling orders for the F-35B and buying the Super Hornet instead for its Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers, claiming a saving of around £10 billion as a result. An industry source claimed that the Super Hornet could be ski jump launched without catapults. In the end, the UK opted for a STOVL aircraft carrier equipped with F-35Bs.
- F/A-18E Super Hornet: single seat variant.
- F/A-18F Super Hornet: two-seat variant.
- NEA-18G: Two F/A-18Fs modified as prototypes of the EA-18G Growler.
- EA-18G Growler: Electronic warfare variant of the F/A-18F to replace the U.S. Navy's Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler.
- Advanced Super Hornet: Variant of the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet with Conformal Fuel Tanks (CFT) and has a further reduced radar cross section (RCS), with the option of a stealthy enclosed weapons pod and built-in IRST21 sensor system.
- Royal Australian Air Force
- United States Navy
- Pacific Fleet squadrons
- VFA-2 "Bounty Hunters" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-14 "Tophatters" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-22 "Fighting Redcocks" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-25 "Fist of the Fleet" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-27 "Royal Maces" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-41 "Black Aces" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-86 "Sidewinders" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-94 "Mighty Shrikes" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-97 "Warhawks" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-102 "Diamondbacks" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-113 "Stingers" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-115 "Eagles" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-122 "Flying Eagles" (Fleet Replacement Squadron, operates F/A-18E/F)
- VFA-136 "Knighthawks" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-137 "Kestrels" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-146 "Blue Diamonds" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-151 "Vigilantes" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-154 "Black Knights" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-192 "Golden Dragons" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-195 "Dambusters" (F/A-18E)
- Atlantic Fleet squadrons
- VFA-11 "Red Rippers" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-31 "Tomcatters" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-32 "Swordsmen" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-34 "Blue Blasters" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-37 "Ragin Bulls" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-81 "Sunliners" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-83 "Rampagers" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-87 "Golden Warriors" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-103 "Jolly Rogers" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-105 "Gunslingers" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-106 "Gladiators" (Fleet Replacement Squadron, operates F/A-18A/B/C/D/E/F)
- VFA-131 "Wildcats" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-143 "Pukin' Dogs" (F/A-18E)
- VFA-211 "Fighting Checkmates" (F/A-18F)
- VFA-213 "Black Lions" (F/A-18F)
- Test and Evaluation squadrons
- Warfighting Development Centers
- NAWDC (Naval Aviation Warfighting Development Center, operates F/A-18E/F and other aircraft)
- Flight Demonstration squadrons
- Pacific Fleet squadrons
Each U.S. Navy deployable "Fleet" VFA squadron has a standard unit establishment of 12 aircraft.
- On 6 April 2011, a U.S. Navy F/A-18F from VFA-122 Tactical Demonstration team crashed, killing both crew members. The crash occurred when the crew attempted to perform a loaded roll with too much speed and insufficient angle-of-attack. The loaded roll has since been removed from the Navy's F/A-18F flight demonstration routine.
- Crew: F/A-18E: 1 (pilot), F/A-18F: 2 (pilot and weapon systems officer)
- Length: 60 ft 1.25 in (18.31 m)
- Wingspan: 44 ft 8.5 in (13.62 m)
- Height: 16 ft 0 in (4.88 m)
- Wing area: 500 sq ft (46.5 m2)
- Empty weight: 32,081 lb (14,552 kg)
- Gross weight: 47,000 lb (21,320 kg) (equipped as fighter)
- Max takeoff weight: 66,000 lb (29,937 kg)
- Internal fuel capacity: F/A-18E: 14,700 lb (6,667 kg), F/A-18F: 13,760 lb (6,241 kg)
- External fuel capacity:Up to 4 × 480 gal tanks, totaling 13,040 lb (5,914 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × General Electric F414-GE-400 turbofans, 13,000 lbf (58 kN) thrust each dry, 22,000 lbf (98 kN) with afterburner
- Maximum speed: 1,030 kn (1,190 mph, 1,915 km/h) at 40,000 ft (12,190 m)
- Maximum speed: Mach 1.6
- Range: 1,275 nmi (1,458 mi, 2,346 km) with armament of two AIM-9s
- Combat range: 390 nmi (449 mi, 722 km) combat radius for interdiction with 4 x 1,000 pounds (450 kg) bombs and 2x AIM-9s
- Ferry range: 1,800 nmi (2,070 mi, 3,330 km)
- Service ceiling: 50,000 ft (15,000 m) at least
- Rate of climb: 44,882 ft/min (228 m/s)
- Wing loading: 94.0 lb/sq ft (459 kg/m2) at max takeoff weight 127.0 lb/sqft, 620 kg/m2
- Thrust/weight: 0.93
- Design load factor: 7.6 g
- Guns: 1× 20 mm (0.787 in) M61A2 Vulcan, 412 rounds
- Hardpoints: 11 (2× wingtips, 6× under-wing, and 3× under-fuselage) with a capacity of Max payload: 17,750 lb (8,050 kg). Carrier Bringback Payload: F/A-18E: 9,900 lb (4,491 kg), F/A-18F: 9,000 lb (4,082 kg),with provisions to carry combinations of:
- 4× AIM-9 Sidewinder - short range air-air missile
- 12× AIM-120 AMRAAM - medium range air-air missile
- 4× AIM-7 Sparrow - medium range air-air missile
- 6× AGM-65E/F Maverick - air-to-ground missile
- 4× AGM-84H/K SLAM-ER - air-to-ground cruise missile
- 6× AGM-88 HARM - anti-radiation missile
- 4× AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon - glide bomb
- AGM-158 JASSM - air-to-surface missile
- 2× AGM-84 Harpoon - anti-ship missile
- Hughes APG-73 or Raytheon APG-79 Radar
- Northrop Grumman/ITT ALQ-165 self-protection jammer system or BAE Systems AN/ALE-214 integrated defensive electronic countermeasures system
- Raytheon AN/ALE-50 or BAE Systems AN/ALE-55 towed decoy
- Raytheon AN/ALR-67(V)3 radar warning receiver
- MIDS LVT or MIDS JTRS datalink transceiver
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era
- List of fighter aircraft
- List of active United States military aircraft
- List of United States military aerial refueling aircraft
- "It (Super Hornet) has only 36 percent of the F-14's payload/range capability."
- Naval Aviation News March-April 1999, p. 30 "fleet service in January 1999"[full citation needed]
- "Navy's Last F-18 Hornet Squadron Sundowns Ahead of Transition to Super Hornet". USNI News. 4 February 2019.
- "F/A-18 fact file." Archived 11 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Navy, 13 October 2006. Retrieved: 25 July 2011.
- "Navy takes delivery of final Block II Super Hornet, looks ahead to Block III". Naval Air Systems Command, U.S. Navy, 23 April 2020.
- Baugher, Joe (20 July 2009). "Northrop YF-17 Cobra". joebaugher.com. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- Jenkins, Dennis R. F/A-18 Hornet: A Navy Success Story. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000. ISBN 0-07-134696-1.
- "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet." Archived 11 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine Boeing. Retrieved: 25 July 2011.
- Donald 2004, p. 45.
- Rogoway, Tyler. "TOP GUN Day Special: The Super Tomcat That Was Never Built". jalopnik.com. Archived from the original on 18 November 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Donald, David. "Northrop Grumman F-14 Tomcat, U.S. Navy today". Warplanes of the Fleet. London: AIRtime Publishing Inc, 2004. ISBN 1-880588-81-1.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Donald 2004, pp. 13, 15.
- Young, J., R. Anderson and R. Yurkovich. "A Description of the F/A-18E/F Design and Design Process" (F/A-18E intended to replace A-6 and F-14D). 7th AIAA/USAF/NASA/ISSMO Symposium on Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization, AIAA-98-4701, St. Louis, Missouri, 2–4 September 1998.
- Kopp, Dr Carlo (June 2001). "Flying the F/A-18F Super Hornet". ausairpower.net. Australian Aviation. Archived from the original on 27 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- Frost, Patricia (28 March 1997). "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet Approved For Low-Rate Production". Boeing.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- Frost, Patricia (22 September 1997). "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet Enters Production at Boeing". Boeing. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- "Operational and Test Evaluation of F/A-18E/F and F-22 review to Senate Armed Services Committee" (PDF). Armed-services.senate.gov. 22 March 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- Nathman, John, Rear Admiral U.S. Navy. "DoD Special Briefing on "Super Hornet" Operation Evaluation Results." Archived 8 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Defenselink.mil, 15 September 2000. Retrieved: 8 July 2011.
- "The F/A-18E/F Super Hornet: Tomorrow's Air Power Today". National Defense Industrial Association. 4 July 2008. Archived from the original on 28 May 2008.
- Ozburn, Marguerite. "F/A-18E/F Block II upgrades add to Super Hornet's potent arsenal." Archived 12 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Boeing Frontiers, June 2005. Retrieved: 25 July 2011.
- Fulghum, David A. "Navy Details New Super Hornet Capabilities." Archived 23 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine Aviation Week and Space Technology, 25 February 2007. Retrieved: 256 July 2011.
- Reed, John. "Boeing: F-35 hasn’t yet won in Japan." Archived 9 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine DoD Buzz, 16 December 2011.
- Jennings, Faith. "Raytheon to Provide Revolutionary AESA Capabilities to 135 F/A-18s." Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Raytheon, 23 January 2008. Retrieved: 25 July 2011.
- "Block III Super Hornet". Boeing. 8 May 2020.
- Fulghum, David. A. "Boeing Plans Sixth Generation Fighter With Block 3 Super Hornet" (subscription required). Aviation Week, 30 January 2008. Retrieved: 17 February 2008.
- Tournade, Sara. "Boeing well positioned for future strike-fighter market." Archived 26 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine Boeing, 21 June 2011. Retrieved: 18 December 2011.
- Minnick, Wendell. "Boeing Unveils New Hornet Options at Aero India". Defense News, 8 February 2011.
- Nativi, Andy. "Boeing Reveals Details Of International F-18."[dead link] Aviation Week, 4 November 2011.
- Barrie, Douglas, Amy Butler and Robert Wall. "Manufacturers Vie To Close Fighter Gap."[dead link] Aviation Week, 30 July 2010. Retrieved: 25 July 2011.
- "Testing the next-generation Super Hornet." Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 12 July 2011. Retrieved: 25 July 2011.
- "Boeing Receives US Navy Contract to Develop New Mission Computer for Super Hornet and Growler." Archived 18 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine Space Media Network, 15 November 2011.
- Frost, Patricia. "Boeing Selects Supplier for Super Hornet Block II Infrared Search and Track Capability." Archived 23 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Boeing, 2 July 2007.
- Greenert, Admiral Jonathan (18 September 2013). "Statement Before The House Armed Services Committee On Planning For Sequestration In FY 2014 And Perspectives Of The Military Services On The Strategic Choices And Management Review" (PDF). US House of Representatives. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Kelly, Heather (18 May 2009). "Lockheed Martin Awarded Technology Development Contract for F/A-18E/F Infrared Search and Track Program". Lockheed Martin Press Release. Archived from the original on 23 May 2009.
- Hilliard, Melissa (22 November 2011). "Lockheed Martin Awarded U.S. Navy F/A-18 E/F IRST Sensor System EMD Contract". Archived from the original on 25 November 2011.
- "Infrared Search and Track for US Navy Super Hornets to enter Low-Rate Initial Production." Archived 11 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine Navyrecognition.com, 6 December 2014.
- Andrea Shalal-Esa. "Boeing aims to keep building F/A-18 jets through 2020". Fox Business. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Boeing: Advanced Super Hornet makes its debut". Archived from the original on 31 August 2013.
- Boeing to demo Super Hornet enhancements in summer Archived 10 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Flightglobal.com, 9 April 2013
- "Boeing Pushing Airframe Envelope". Defense News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Boeing shows off advanced Super Hornet demonstrator." Archived 3 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 28 August 2013.
- "Advanced Super Hornet Demonstrates Significant Stealth, Range Improvements." Archived 1 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Deagel, 28 August 2013.
- "Navy pleased with "Advanced" Super Hornet tests, wants more Growlers." Archived 8 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 7 April 2014.
- Norris, Guy. "Future Options: Conformal fuel tank attracts Navy interest as part of possible Super Hornet upgrade" (subscription required). Aviation Week and Space Technology, 16 December 2013, pp. 28-29.
- US Navy may add conformal fuel tanks to F/A-18E/F Super Hornet fleet Archived 10 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Flightglobal.com, 20 March 2013.
- Norris, Guy. "GE Eyes More Powerful Engine For Super Hornets, Growlers."[dead link] Aviation Week, 14 May 2009. Retrieved: 25 July 2011.
- Trimble, Stephen. "Boeing's Super Hornet seeks export sale to launch 20% thrust upgrade." Archived 15 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 12 May 2009.
- "Boeing plots hybrid Super Hornet/Growler future." Archived 29 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 25 June 2014.
- Wolfe, Frank (11 February 2020). "Boeing Super Hornets Receiving Block III Avionics Upgrades". Aviation today. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
- Kress, Bob; Gilchrist, Rear Admiral USN ret. Paul (February 2002). "F-14D Tomcat vs. F/18 E/F Super Hornet". Flight Journal Magazine. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011.
- "Boeing Super Hornet Demonstrates Aerial Refueling Capability". Boeing Global Strike Systems. 14 April 1999. Archived from the original on 4 November 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- Donald 2004, p. 76.
- Majumdar, Dave (1 April 2014). "UCLASS Could Be Used as Tanker for Carrier Air Wing". news.usni.org. U.S. NAVAL INSTITUTE. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- Donald 2004, pp. 49–52.
- "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet – maritime strike attack aircraft." Archived 11 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine naval-technology.com. Retrieved: 9 September 2011.
- Elward 2001, p. 77.
- Peterson, Donald (June 2002). "Ready On Arrival: Super Hornet Joins The Fleet: An Evolutionary Design Delivers Revolutionary Capabilities". Sea Power. Navy League. Archived from the original on 20 June 2002.
- Elward 2001, pp. 74–75.
- "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet." Archived 16 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine Boeing. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Gaddis, Capt. "BD". "F/A-18 & EF-18G Program brief." Archived 28 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Navy, 24 April 2007.
- "F/A-18-E/F Super Hornet... Leading Naval Aviation into the 21st Century." Archived 26 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Navy, 17 August 2009. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Donald 2004, pp. 50–51, 56.
- "USN looking at adding conformal fuel tanks on F/A-18E/F--also a look at Super Hornet RCS reduction measures". The DEW Line. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Winchester 2006, p. 166.
- "Boeing F/A-18 Super Hornet". airframer.com. Archived from the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- Pike, John. "AN/ALE-55 Fiber Optic Towed Decoy." Archived 15 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine Globalsecurity.org, 16 August 2010.
- "New APG-79 AESA Radars for Super Hornets." Archived 7 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Defense Industry Daily, 26 April 2005. Retrieved: 8 July 2011.
- "New U.S. Navy Radar Detects Cruise Missiles." Aviation Week and Space Technology, 30 April 2007.
- Cormier, Nicolette (8 July 2002). "F/A-18 AESA – New Technology Revolutionizes Radar Benefits". U.S. Navy. Archived from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Boeing (8 January 2007). "Boeing F/A-18E/F Block 2 Super Hornets Flying at Naval Air Station Oceana". Boeing.com. Archived from the original on 17 January 2007.
- "Boeing Dual-Cockpit Cueing System Introduced to U.S. Navy Squadron." Archived 21 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine defense-aerospace.com. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- Clemons, John. "Raytheon Awarded Navy Contract to Increase SHARP System Capability." Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Raytheon, 4 October 2006.
- Rosenberg-Macaulay, Barry. "MIDS JTRS systems poised to bring IP networking to the aerial tier." Archived 15 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine defensesystems.com, 2011. Retrieved: 12 February 2011.
- "JTRS Update: MIDS Blazes JTRS Trail". Military Information Technology. 14 (8). September 2010. ISSN 1097-1041. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- Ben Werner (4 April 2019). "Navy's Next-Generation Fighter Analysis Due Out this Summer". USNI News. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- "USS Carl Vinson CVN-70 History." Archived 12 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine uscarriers.net, 4 August 2010. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- "Strikes Continue: ISAF Air Component Commander Visits Big E." Archived 7 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Navy, 9 November 2006. Retrieved: 9 September 2011.
- "USS Enterprise aircraft deliver lethal sting of bombs to enemy in Afghanistan" Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Stars and Stripes, 13 October 2006.
- Moore, Lt. Shannon. "CVW-7 Sailors Complete an Eight-Month Deployment." Archived 29 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Navy, 22 May 2007. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- "U.S. F/A-18E Hornet operates from French Aircraft Carrier". theaviationist.com. 20 January 2014. Archived from the original on 14 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Stephen Trimble (23 July 2007). "US Navy Super Hornet deal could cut JSF numbers". Flight Global. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008.
- Brett, Mary Ann and Philip Carder. "Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet a Finalist in Brazil Fighter Aircraft Competition." Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Boeing, 1 October 2008.
- "DoD News Briefing With Secretary Gates From The Pentagon". 6 April 2009. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- "Navy F/A-18E/F and EA-18G Aircraft Procurement and Strike Fighter Shortfall: Background and Issues for Congress." Archived 7 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine opencrs.com. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Tilghman, Andrew. "Gates: Fighter gap ignores real-world demand." navytimes.com, 8 June 2006. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Shalal-Esa, Andrea. "US defense compromise authorizes F/A-18 multiyear deal."[dead link] Forbes. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Tilghman, Andrew. "Bill would give go-ahead to buy Super Hornets." navytimes.com, 25 June 2009. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Leiser, Ken. "Boeing lands $5.3 billion fighter jet contract with Navy." Archived 30 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine stltoday.com, 29 September 2010. Retrieved: 29 September 2010.
- U.S. fighters pound militants in northern Iraq Archived 8 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Militarytimes.com, 7 August 2014
- USN carries out air strike on Iraqi militants Archived 9 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Flightglobal.com, 8 August 2014
- Naval Power Bolsters U.S. Airstrikes in Iraq Archived 12 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Defensetech.org, 8 August 2014
- "US F/A-18E Shoots Down Syrian Su-22 in Air-to-Air Kill" Archived 18 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Military.com, 18 June 2017.
- Report: Navy Pilot Breaks Silence About Shooting Down Syrian Fighter Archived 1 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine - Military.com, 31 July 2017
- Garrett Reim (15 August 2018). "Boeing to convert F/A-18 E/Fs into Blue Angels". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- "Super Hornet Acquisition Contract Signed." defence.gov.au, 5 March 2007. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Baker, Richard. "The Hornet's nest." Archived 12 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine The Age, 9 July 2007.
- "Australia to Acquire 24 F/A-18F Super Hornets". minister.defence.gov.au. 6 March 2007. Archived from the original on 12 March 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- "The 7.30 Report: Nelson stands by fighter jet decision." Archived 12 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), 15 March 2007.
- Criss, Peter. "There is nothing super about this Hornet." Archived 12 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine The Sydney Morning Herald, 15 March 2007. Retrieved: 9 May 2007.
- "Acceptance for Super Hornets A44-202 and A44-204." Archived 2 August 2012 at archive.today Defence.gov.au, 26 February 2010. Retrieved: 16 June 2011.
- Allard, Tom. "Axe set to fall on Nelson's fighters." Archived 2 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine The Sydney Morning Herald, 31 December 2007. Retrieved: 4 July 2008.
- "Govt to keep Super Hornets." Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine The Age, 17 March 2008.
- "Government clears Super Hornets deal." Archived 3 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine The Age, 17 March 2008.
- Dunlop, Tim. "Super Hornets are go." Archived 1 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine news.com.au, 18 March 2008.
- "Australia – F/A-18E/F Super Hornet Aircraft" (PDF). U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency. 6 February 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2009.
- Dodd, Mark (15 August 2008). "RAAF likes the sound of the Growler". The Australian. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008.
- Smith, Jack. "Super Hornets wired for future upgrades." Archived 23 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Department of Defence, 27 February 2009. Retrieved: 9 September 2011.
- Carder, Phillip. "Boeing F/A-18F Super Hornet for Australia Takes Flight." Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Boeing, 21 July 2009.
- "Super Hornets arrive in south-east Queensland." Archived 13 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine ABC News, 26 March 2010. Retrieved: 15 July 2011.
- Hurst, Daniel. "Pilots buzzing as Super Hornets arrive." Archived 9 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine The Brisbane Times, 6 July 2010.
- Waldron, Greg. "Australia’s first F/A-18F squadron declared operational." Archived 12 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 9 December 2010.
- "Joint Media Release: Australia’s future Air Combat Capability." Archived 12 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine Minister for Defence and Minister for Defence Materiel (Australian Government Department of Defence), 13 December 2012.
- Taylor, Charles and Paul Ebner. "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler Aircraft". Archived 14 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 28 February 2013.
- "Australia plans to buy 12 EA-18G Growlers." Archived 21 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Washingtonexaminer.com, 3 May 2013.
- "Boeing: Boeing Australia — RAAF EA-18G Growler Rollout". Boeing. Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- "Boeing Unveils First Royal Australian Air Force Growler". News Releases/Statements. Boeing. Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Australian Air Force fighter jets and personnel arrive in UAE to prepare anti-IS operations Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine - Armyrecognition.com, 24 September 2014
-  Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine Australian Super Hornet fighter jets complete first armed mission over Iraq. Retrieved on 6 October 2014.
-  Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine RAAF conducts first Iraq combat mission. Retrieved on 6 October 2014.
- Australia launches first airstrike in Iraq Archived 9 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Militarytimes.com, 8 October 2014
- "6 Squadron Completes Final Super Hornet Flight". australianaviation.com.au. 28 November 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
- "Pilots forced to EJECT as military jet emergency unfolds at RAAF base Amberley". 7news.com.au. 8 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
- "Defence grounds Super Hornet, Growler warplanes after aborted take-off at Amberley RAAF base". abc.net.au. 9 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
- "Kuwait to order Boeing F/A-18 fighters worth $3 bn". AFP via Business Insider. 7 May 2015. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Kuwait, Italy Discuss Eurofighter Buy. Defense News,
- "Kuwait Opts For Eurofighter Typhoon". Aviation Week. 11 September 2015. Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "Kuwait, Qatar Deals Move Forward, Likely Putting Boeing Fighter Jet Production Into the 2020s". Defense News, 17 November 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Werner, Ben (28 June 2019). "Boeing Awarded $1.5B Contract for 28 Kuwait Super Hornets". USNI News. Archived from the original on 27 June 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- Gareth, Jennings (15 January 2021). "Covid-19 impacts Super Hornet timeline for Kuwait". Janes. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
- Rogoway, Tyler. "The Right Fighter For Canada Is The Super Hornet, Not The F-35". jalopnik.com. Archived from the original on 14 November 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- "Aviation companies decry F-35 purchase". CBC News. 5 November 2010. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010.
- Campion-Smith, Bruce. "Ottawa to overhaul purchase of F-35 fighter jets in wake of Auditor General’s report". Toronto Star, 2 April 2012.
- "Competition heats up as Ottawa reviews options to procure costly F-35 fighter jets" Archived 9 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Hilltimes.com, 5 September 2013
- Berthiaume, Lee; Ivison, John. "Liberals planning to buy Super Hornet fighter jets before making final decision on F-35s, sources say" Archived 5 June 2016 at archive.today. National Post, 5 June 2016.
- "Liberals to buy 18 Boeing Super Hornet fighter jets to fill 'capability gap'". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 22 November 2016. Archived from the original on 23 November 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
- "Canada sends letter of request to US for interim F/A-18s". 14 March 2017. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- "U.S. State Dept. approves Canadian purchase of Super Hornet fighter jets - CBC News". Archived from the original on 21 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- "Fallon warns Boeing over defence contracts". 27 September 2017. Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018 – via bbc.com.
- "Bombardier hit with 219% duty on sale of jets to Delta Air Lines - The Star". Archived from the original on 28 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- "Boeing Super Hornet jet purchase likely to become 1st casualty in possible trade war". CBC News. Archived from the original on 27 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- "Canada won't do business with Boeing while it's 'busy trying to sue us': Trudeau - CBC News". Archived from the original on 24 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- "Boeing says dispute with Bombardier still on despite Liberal plan to buy used jets". 8 December 2017. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "News Releases/Statements". Archived from the original on 9 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "Boeing acknowledges Super Hornet sale to Canada effectively dead - CBC News". Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "Working group proposes multi-role fighters to replace F/A-18 aircraft". 11 June 2015. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Yhdysvallat tarjoaa kahta konetyyppiä Hornetin seuraajaksi". 2 May 2016. Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "The Finnish Defence Forces' Logistics Command received responses concerning the replacement of the Hornet aircraft" (press release). FI: Ministry of Defence. 22 November 2016. Archived from the original on 13 March 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- "U.S., Boeing send 3 Super Hornets to Finland for aircraft upgrade". UPI. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
- "HX Challenge completed successfully". The Finnish Air Force (ilmavoimat.fi). Retrieved 22 April 2020.
- Perry, Dominic. "Germany picks Super Hornet and more Eurofighters for Tornado replacement". Flight Global, 21 April 2020.
- Replacement plan for tornado's still up in the air
- Trevithick, Joseph (3 April 2019). "Here's Where Boeing Aims To Take The Super Hornet In The Decades To Come". The War Zone. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- "Super Hornets, Awacs may feature in RMAF modernisation plans" Archived 6 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Utusan Malaysia, 16 April 2007. Retrieved: 5 September 2008.
- John Gilbert. "Three fighter jet makers to submit leasing bids". themalaysianreserve.com. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Boeing withdraws Super Hornet from Swiss contract race" Archived 1 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Flightglobal.com, 30 April 2008. Retrieved: 16 August 2013.
- Copley, Caroline; Williams, Alison (18 May 2014). "Swiss voters narrowly block deal to buy Saab fighter jets: projection". Reuters. Zurich. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- Sprenger, Sebastian (27 March 2018). "Switzerland names contenders in $8 billion 'Air 2030' program". DefenseNews. Cologne, Germany. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "No more than CHF8 billion for new fighter jets". Swiss Info. 8 November 2017. Archived from the original on 9 November 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Johnson, Rueben F (24 October 2018). "Update: Switzerland's Air 2030 plan narrows down options". IHS Jane's 360. Kiev. Archived from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- Sprenger, Sebastian (11 April 2019). "The F-35 and other warplanes descend on Switzerland this spring". Defense News. Cologne, Germany. Archived from the original on 11 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Nelson, Brian; Sharma, Kapil (24 April 2008). "Boeing Delivers Proposal to Equip Indian Air Force with Super Hornet Fighters". Boeing. Archived from the original on 28 April 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2008.
- Nelson, Brian; Rangachari, Swati (4 August 2008). "Boeing Submits Combat Aircraft Industrial-Participation Proposal to Indian Government". Boeing. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008.
- "F-18 comes in first, trials begin" Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Times of India, 18 August 2009. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Bajaj, Vikas. "U.S. Loses Bids to Supply Jets to India" Archived 28 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The New York Times, 28 April 2011. Retrieved: 11 May 2011.
- Bedi, Rahul (14 October 2016). "India renews search for MiG replacement". IHS Janes. Archived from the original on 16 October 2016.
- "Boeing in Talks With Indian Navy to Sell F/A-18 Fighter Jets". BloombergQuint. 5 February 2018. Archived from the original on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "MMRCA 2.0 Contenders". sps-aviation.com.
- "F/A-18 operation on Indian carriers successfully demonstrated: Boeing". The Hindu. 21 December 2021.
- Tran, Philip. "UAE May Ditch Rafale: Hornet a Surprise Competitor for $10B Deal". defensenews.com, 13 September 2010. Retrieved: 11 May 2011.
- "Bulgarian Defense Chief Gets Saab Offer on Gripen Fighter Jets". Novinite, 4 February 2011.
- Adamowski, Jaroslaw (15 November 2017). "Super Hornet could be chosen as Bulgaria's next fighter jet by July". Defense News. Warsaw. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
- Tsolova, Tsvetelia; Krasimirov, Angel (21 December 2018). "UPDATE 1-Bulgaria ready to choose F-16 fighter jets for its airforce". Reuters. Sofia. Archived from the original on 22 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- Boeing Still Interested In South Korea’s KF-X Archived 7 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine - Aviationweek.com, 11 December 2014
- "Wordt dit de vervanger van de Belgische F-16's?" De Morgen, 12 March 2014. Retrieved: 13 March 2014.
- Maass, Ryan (20 April 2017). "Boeing pulls out of 'unfair' Belgian fighter replacement bid". United Press International. Archived from the original on 19 December 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
- Giangreco, Leigh (19 April 2017). "Boeing pulls out of Belgian fighter competition". Flight Global. Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 19 December 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
- Emmott, Robin (25 October 2018). "Belgium picks Lockheed's F-35 over Eurofighter on price". Reuters. Brussels. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- Insinna, Valerie (25 October 2018). "F-35 officially wins Belgian fighter contest". Defense News. Washington. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- Trimble, Stephen. "Brazil names three finalists for F-X2 contract, rejects three others" Archived 1 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Flight International, 6 October 2008.
- Mallén, Patricia Rey (16 December 2013). "Brazil Says No To $4B Fighter Jet Deal With France's Dassault; Not A Victory Yet For Boeing, Saab". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Osborne, Anthony (18 December 2013). "Brazil Selects Gripen For F-X2 Requirement". Aviation Week. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Warwick, Graham. "Boeing Submits Danish Super Hornet Proposal". Aviation Week, 28 August 2008. Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Brett, Mary Ann and Philip Carder. "Boeing, US Navy Offer Super Hornet for Denmark Fighter Competition" Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Boeing, 27 August 2008.
- "Denmark Prioritizes Jobs in New Fighter Competition". Defense News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- defense-aerospace.com Denmark Starts Fighter Evaluation Process to Replace F-16 Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine 12 April 2014
- "Denmark Further Postpones Fighter Selection Until 2016". Defense News. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "Danish Government Recommends Buying 27 F-35s". defensenews.com. 12 May 2016. Archived from the original on 27 May 2016.
- "Status on Danish fighter competition: Government recommends 27 F-35A – no decision yet". 16 May 2016. Archived from the original on 21 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "A cautionary tale for Canada? Boeing preps legal challenge after Denmark rejects Super Hornet for F-35". nationalpost.com. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- Jensen, Teis; Jacobsen, Stine; Merriman, Jane (23 March 2018). "Boeing loses case against Denmark over fighter jet deal". Reuters. Copenhagen. Archived from the original on 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- jacek. "Poland launches program Harpia to procure new multirole combat aircraft". Archived from the original on 27 November 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- jacek (22 December 2017). "Five companies interested in Polands next generation fighter program Harpia". Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- Siminski, Jacek (5 June 2019). "Poland sends request to buy F-35". Defence News.
- Cavas, Christopher P. "Navy: Super Hornet rep for problems untrue". Archived 9 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine marinecorpstimes.com, 17 June 2010. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- Butler, Amy. "Marines Sign on for F-35C" Archived 18 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation Week, 15 March 2011. Retrieved: 18 April 2018.
- Guse, Paul; Carder, Phillip (10 March 2009). "Boeing to Offer Super Hornet for Greece's Next-Generation Fighter Program". Boeing. Archived from the original on 12 March 2009.
- Clark, Colin, "UK May Borrow F-18s For Carriers: F-35Bs May Be Scrapped" Archived 5 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine. dodbuzz.com, 31 August 2010. Retrieved: 1 September 2010.
- Parsch, Andreas (2006). "DOD 4120.15-L — Addendum". Designation-Systems. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- "Boeing awarded contract to deliver 28 Super Hornets to Kuwait". Archived from the original on 2 April 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Buliavac, Joseph M. "The aircrew of an F/A-18F Super Hornet, assigned to the "Fighting Redcocks" of Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 22, wait to launch from Catapult 3 during night flight operations." Archived 27 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine navy.mil, 2 December 2007. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- "CSFWP Link." Archived 13 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine lemoore.navy.mil. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- "VFA 34 'Blueblasters' return to NAS Oceana after historic deployment". 10 April 2018. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "Blue Angels begin the shift to Super Hornets". 21 April 2019.
- Mike Eiman (1 February 2012). "NASL crash caused by practice mistakes". Hanford Sentinel.
- "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet." Archived 9 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine Aerospaceweb.org. Retrieved: 16 August 2010.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 December 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Boeing: fa-18-super-hornet". www.boeing.com.
- "Boeing: fa-18-super-hornet". www.boeing.com.
- "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet". Fas.org. Archived from the original on 26 October 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- "F/A-18F Super Hornet" Archived 12 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine Fighterworld. Retrieved: 20 February 2013
- 1.1 with loaded weight & 50% internal fuel
- "Backgrounder F/A-18E/F Super Hornet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 May 2013.
- NATOPS A1-F18EA-NFM-200 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine summary of store drag index numbers, p. 39.
- "Boeing: fa-18-super-hornet". www.boeing.com.
- Donald, David. "Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet", Warplanes of the Fleet. London: AIRtime Publishing Inc, 2004. ISBN 978-1-88058-889-5.
- Elward, Brad. Boeing F/A-18 Hornet (WarbirdTech, Vol. 31). North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2001. ISBN 978-1-58007-041-6.
- Elward, Brad. The Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet & EA-18G Growler: A Developmental and Operational History. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. 2013. ISBN 978-0-76434-041-3.
- Holmes, Tony. US Navy Hornet Units of Operation Iraqi Freedom. London: Osprey Publishing, 2004. ISBN 978-1-84176-801-4.
- Jenkins, Dennis R. F/A-18 Hornet: A Navy Success Story. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000. ISBN 978-0-07134-696-2.
- Winchester, Jim. The Encyclopedia of Modern Aircraft. San Diego: Thunder Bay Press, 2006. ISBN 978-1-59223-628-2.