Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau

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Diocese of Macau
Dioecesis Macaonensis
天主教澳門教區
Location
Country  China
Statistics
Area 30 km2 (12 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
582,000
29,611 (5.1%)
Information
Rite Latin Rite
Cathedral Cathedral Church of Macau
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Stephen Lee Bun-sang
Vicar General Father Pedro Chung
Website
diomac.mo
Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 天主教澳門教區
Latin name
Latin Dioecesis Macaonensis
Portuguese name
Portuguese Diocese de Macau

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau (Portuguese: Diocese de Macau; Chinese: 天主教澳門教區) a Latin diocese, is exempt, i.e. an immediate subject of the Holy See, not part of any ecclesiastical province.

Its cathedral episcopal see, a World Heritage Site, is the Cathedral of the Nativity of Our Lady, Cathedral Parish 大堂區, on Macau Peninsula, like the former Cathedral: Church of St. Lazarus, St. Lazarus Parish 望德堂區.

Other World Heritage Site, all on Macau Peninsula, are: Chapel of Our Lady Guia, St. Lazarus Parish 望德堂區; Church of St. Anthony, St. Anthony Parish 聖安多尼堂區,; Church of St. Augustine, St. Lawrence Parish 風順堂區; Church of St. Dominic, Cathedral Parish 大堂區; Church of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Parish 風順堂區; Seminary and Church of St. Joseph Seminary and Church of St. Joseph, St. Lawrence Parish 風順堂區; Ruins of the Church of the Mother of God, St. Paul’s College Ruins of the Church of the Mother of God, St. Paul’s College, St. Anthony Parish 聖安多尼堂區.

Its patron saints are Francis Xavier and Catherine of Siena, and its motto is Scientia et Virtus (Knowledge and Virtue).

Stephen Lee Bun-sang is the current bishop and the third Chinese bishop (the first is Domingos Lam 林家駿).

History[edit]

It was established on January 23, 1576 by the edict of Pope Gregory XIII, on vast territory split off from Roman Catholic Diocese of Malacca. It originally covered China, Japan, Vietnam and the Malay archipelago, with the exception of the Philippines. From its founding, the diocese was a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese (soon Patriarchate) of Goa, in Portuguese India.

It gradually lost most of its territory, in and around continental China:

It was made exempt in 1975, following Portugal's loss of sovereignty over Goa, its former Metropolitan.

It now only administers Macau alone, the last regions outside Macau under its administration were the parishes of Saint Joseph (Singapore) and Saint Peter (Malacca), which separated from the Diocese of Macau in 1981.

Episcopal ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Suffragan Bishops of Macau
  • Apostolic Administrator Melchior Miguel Carneiro Leitão (賈耐勞), Jesuits (S.J.) (1576.01.23 – 1581) while first Titular Archbishop of Nicæa (1555.01.23 – 1577) & Auxiliary Bishop of Ethiopia (Ethiopia) (1555.01.23 – 1577), succeeded as Latin Patriarch of Ethiopia (Ethiopia) (1577 – death 1581)
  • Didacus Nunnez Figueira (1576.01.26 – death 1578.10.27 not possessed)
  • Leonard Fernandes de Sá, Cistercians (O. Cist.) (1578.10.27 – death 1597.09.15)
  • João de Abrantes a Pietate, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1604.08.30 – retired 1625.09.10)
  • Apostolic Administrator Diogo Correia Valente (華), S.J. (1626.08.27 – death 1633.10.28), while Bishop of daughter see Funai 府内 (Japan) (1618.01.08 – death 1633.10.28)
  • João de Casal (嘉) (1690.04.10 – death 1735.09.20)
  • Eugénio de Trigueiros (德), Augustinians (O.E.S.A.) (1735.09.20 – 1740.12.19), succeeding as previous Coadjutor Bishop of Macau 澳門 (1725.02.21 – 1735.09.20) & Titular Bishop of Verinopolis (1725.02.21 – 1735.09.20); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Goa (Portuguese India) (1740.12.19 – 1741.04.22)
  • Hilário de Santa Rosa (羅), Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1740.12.19 – retired 1752.08.18)
  • Bartolomeu Manoel Mendes dos Reis (孟) (1753.01.29 – 1773.03.08), next Bishop of Mariana (Brazil) (1773.03.08 – retired 1778.08.28)
  • Alexandre da Silva Pedrosa Guimarães (祁) (1773.03.08 – retired 1789.04.01)
  • Marcelino José da Silva (施) (1789.12.14 – retired 1802.09.16)
  • Manuel de Santo Galdino (賈定諾), O.F.M. (1802.12.20 – 1804.08.20); later Coadjutor Archbishop of Goa (Portuguese India) (1804.08.20 – 1812.02.10), succeeding as Metropolitan Archbishop of Goa (1812.02.10 – death 1831.02.01)
  • Francisco Chachim (查), Barefoot Franciscans (O.F.M. Disc.) (1804.08.20 – death 1828.01.31)
  • Nicolaus Rodrigues Pereira de Borja (柏), Vincentians (C.M.) (1843.06.19 – 1845.03.28 not possessed)
  • Jerónimo José de Mata (馬), C.M. (1845.03.28 – retired 1862.09.25), succeeding as former Coadjutor Bishop of Macau 澳門 (1844.06.17 – 1845.03.28) & Titular Bishop of Colophonius (1844.06.17 – 1845.03.28)
  • Pereira Botelho do Amaral e Pimentel (1866.01.08 – 1871.12.22 not possessed); later Bishop of Angra (Portugal) (1871.12.22 – death 1889.01.27)
  • Manuel Bernardo de Sousa Enes (蘇) (1874.06.15 – 1883.08.09); later Bishop of Bragança e Miranda (Portugal) (1883.08.09 – 1885.07.30), Bishop of Portalegre (Portugal) (1885.07.30 – 1887.09.08)
  • António Joaquim de Medeiros (明德祿) (1884.11.13 – death 1897.01.07); formerly Titular Bishop of Thermopylæ (1882.08.29 – 1884.11.13) & Auxiliary Bishop of Goa (India) (1882.08.29 – 1884.11.13)
  • José Manuel de Carvalho (嘉惠勞) (1897.04.19 – 1902.06.09), later Bishop of Angra (Portugal) (1902.06.09 – 1904.04.24)
  • João Paulino de Azevedo e Castro (鮑理諾) (1902.06.09 – death 1918.02.17)
  • José da Costa Nunes (高若瑟) (1920.12.16 – 1940.12.11), later Titular Patriarch of the East Indies (1940.12.11 – 1953.12.16) & Metropolitan Archbishop of Goa and Daman (Portuguese India) (1940.12.11 – 1953.12.16); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Odessus (1953.12.16 – 1962.03.19), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1953.12.16 – 1962.03.19), Patriarch ad personam (1953.12.16 – 1976.11.29), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca (1962.03.22 – 1976.11.29)
  • João de Deus Ramalho (羅若望), S.J. (1942.09.24 – 1953.12.09); emeritate as Titular Bishop of Philadelphia in Lydia (1953.12.09 – death 1958.02.25)
  • Policarpo da Costa Vaz (高德華) (1954.01.29 – 1960.07.09); previously Titular Bishop of Eurœa in Epiro (1950.04.17 – 1954.01.29) and Auxiliary Bishop of Porto (Portugal) (1950.04.17 – 1952), then Auxiliary Bishop of Lisboa (Lisbon, Portugal) (1952 – 1954.01.29); later Bishop of Guarda (Portugal) (1960.07.09 – 1979.11.17)
  • Paulo José Tavares (戴維理) (1961.08.19 – death 1973.06.12)
Exempt Bishops of Macau (since 1975)

Parishes[edit]

The Diocese is divided in:

  • six parishes (five in Macau Peninsula and one on Taipa island):
  • two quasi-parishes, both on Macau Peninsula:
    • St. Francis Xavier, Mong Há (望廈聖方濟各堂)
    • St. Joseph, Iao Hon (聖若瑟勞工主保堂)
  • one mission (on Coloane island):
    • St. Francis Xavier, Coloane (路環聖方濟各堂)

Schools[edit]

The following schools are directly operated by the diocese:

Preschool through secondary school
Preschool through junior high school
Preschool and primary school
  • Escola Dom João Paulino - Taipa[6]
  • Escola Madalena de Canossa (瑪大肋納嘉諾撒學校) - Nossa Senhora de Fátima[7]
  • Escola de Santa Teresa do Menino Jesus 聖德蘭學校 (聖德蘭學校) - Nossa Senhora de Fátima[8]

There are other Catholic schools in Macau which are operated by Catholic orders.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Colégio Diocesano de São José." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua da Sé, no.19" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 大堂街十九號"
  2. ^ "Colégio Diocesano de São José 5." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua Central de Toi San, no. 253" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 台山中街253號"
  3. ^ "Escola São Paulo." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rampa dos Cavaleiros, nos.12-14" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 黑沙灣斜坡12-14號"
  4. ^ " Escola do Santíssimo Rosário." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Largo da Companhia, No. 14, Macau" Chinese profile: "學校地址: 老人院前地14號"
  5. ^ "Escola do Santíssimo Rosário to close in 2017". O Clarim. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  6. ^ "Escola Dom João Paulino." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Avenida de Carlos da Maia, s/n, Taipa" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 嘉路士米耶大馬路"
  7. ^ "Escola Madalena de Canossa." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua do Comandante João Belo Fai Chi Kei, no.28" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 筷子基俾若翰街28號"
  8. ^ "Escola de Santa Teresa do Menino Jesus." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Avenida Conselheiro Borja, no.592" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 青洲大馬路592號"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°11′37″N 113°32′31″E / 22.1936°N 113.5420°E / 22.1936; 113.5420