Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau

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Diocese of Macau
Location
Country Macau, China
Statistics
Area 30 km2 (12 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
582,000
29,611 (5.1%)
Information
Rite Latin Rite
Cathedral Cathedral Church of Macau
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Stephen Lee
Vicar General Father Pedro Chung
Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 天主教澳門教區
Latin name
Latin Dioecesis Macaonensis

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau (Chinese: 天主教澳門教區, Tiānzhǔjiào Àomén jiàoqū) a Latin diocese, is exempt, i.e. an immediate subject of the Holy See, not part of any ecclesiastical province.

Its cathedral episcopal see, a World Heritage Site, is the Cathedral of the Nativity of Our Lady, Cathedral Parish 大堂區, on Macau Peninsula, like the former Cathedral: Church of St. Lazarus, St. Lazarus Parish 望德堂區.

Other World Heritage Site, all on Macau Peninsula, are : Chapel of Our Lady Guia, St. Lazarus Parish 望德堂區; Church of St. Anthony, St. Anthony Parish 聖安多尼堂區,; Church of St. Augustine, St. Lawrence Parish 風順堂區; Church of St. Dominic, Cathedral Parish 大堂區; Church of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Parish 風順堂區; Seminary and Church of St. Joseph Seminary and Church of St. Joseph, St. Lawrence Parish 風順堂區; Ruins of the Church of the Mother of God, St. Paul’s College Ruins of the Church of the Mother of God, St. Paul’s College, St. Anthony Parish 聖安多尼堂區.

Its patron saints are Francis Xavier and Catherine of Siena, and its motto is Scientia et Virtus (Knowledge and Virtue).

D. Stephen Lee is the current bishop and the third Chinese bishop (the first is Domingos Lam 林家駿).

History[edit]

It was established on January 23, 1576 by the edict of Pope Gregory XIII, on vast territory split off from Roman Catholic Diocese of Malacca. It originally covered China, Japan, Vietnam and the Malay archipelago, with the exception of the Philippines. From its founding, the diocese was a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese (soon Patriarchate) of Goa, in Portuguese India.

It gradually lost most of its territory, in and around continental China :

It was made exempt in 1975, following Portugal's loss of sovereignty over Goa, its former Metropolitan.

It now only administers Macau alone, the last regions outside Macau under its administration were the parishes of Saint Joseph (Singapore) and Saint Peter (Malacca), which separated from the Diocese of Macau in 1981.

Episcopal Ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Suffragan Bishops of Macau
  • Apostolic Administrator Melchior Miguel Carneiro Leitão (賈耐勞), Jesuits (S.J.) (1576.01.23 – 1581) while first Titular Archbishop of Nicæa (1555.01.23 – 1577) & Auxiliary Bishop of Ethiopia (Ethiopia) (1555.01.23 – 1577), succeeded as Latin Patriarch of Ethiopia (Ethiopia) (1577 – death 1581)
  • Didacus Nunnez Figueira (1576.01.26 – death 1578.10.27 not possessed)
  • Leonard Fernandes de Sá, Cistercians (O. Cist.) (1578.10.27 – death 1597.09.15)
  • João de Abrantes a Pietate, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1604.08.30 – retired 1625.09.10)
  • Apostolic Administrator Diogo Correia Valente (華), S.J. (1626.08.27 – death 1633.10.28), while Bishop of daughter see Funai 府内 (Japan) (1618.01.08 – death 1633.10.28)
  • João de Casal (嘉) (1690.04.10 – death 1735.09.20)
  • Eugénio de Trigueiros (德), Augustinians (O.E.S.A.) (1735.09.20 – 1740.12.19), succeeding as previous Coadjutor Bishop of Macau 澳門 (1725.02.21 – 1735.09.20) & Titular Bishop of Verinopolis (1725.02.21 – 1735.09.20); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Goa (Portuguese India) (1740.12.19 – 1741.04.22)
  • Hilário de Santa Rosa (羅), Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1740.12.19 – retired 1752.08.18)
  • Bartolomeu Manoel Mendes dos Reis (孟) (1753.01.29 – 1773.03.08), next Bishop of Mariana (Brazil) (1773.03.08 – retired 1778.08.28)
  • Alexandre da Silva Pedrosa Guimarães (祁) (1773.03.08 – retired 1789.04.01)
  • Marcelino José da Silva (施) (1789.12.14 – retired 1802.09.16)
  • Manuel de Santo Galdino (賈定諾), O.F.M. (1802.12.20 – 1804.08.20); later Coadjutor Archbishop of Goa (Portuguese India) (1804.08.20 – 1812.02.10), succeeding as Metropolitan Archbishop of Goa (1812.02.10 – death 1831.02.01)
  • Francisco Chachim (查), Discalced Franciscans (O.F.M. Disc.) (1804.08.20 – death 1828.01.31)
  • Nicolaus Rodrigues Pereira de Borja (柏), Vincentians (C.M.) (1843.06.19 – 1845.03.28 not possessed)
  • Jerónimo José de Mata (馬), C.M. (1845.03.28 – retired 1862.09.25), succeeding as former Coadjutor Bishop of Macau 澳門 (1844.06.17 – 1845.03.28) & Titular Bishop of Colophonius (1844.06.17 – 1845.03.28)
  • Pereira Botelho do Amaral e Pimentel (1866.01.08 – 1871.12.22 not possessed); later Bishop of Angra (Portugal) (1871.12.22 – death 1889.01.27)
  • Manuel Bernardo de Sousa Enes (蘇) (1874.06.15 – 1883.08.09); later Bishop of Bragança e Miranda (Portugal) (1883.08.09 – 1885.07.30), Bishop of Portalegre (Portugal) (1885.07.30 – 1887.09.08)
  • Antônio Joaquim de Medeiros (明德祿) (1884.11.13 – death 1897.01.07); formerly Titular Bishop of Thermopylæ (1882.08.29 – 1884.11.13) & Auxiliary Bishop of Goa (India) (1882.08.29 – 1884.11.13)
  • José Manuel de Carvalho (嘉惠勞) (1897.04.19 – 1902.06.09), later Bishop of Angra (Portugal) (1902.06.09 – 1904.04.24)
  • João Paulino de Azevedo e Castro (鮑理諾) (1902.06.09 – death 1918.02.17)
  • José da Costa Nuñes (高若瑟) (1920.12.16 – 1940.12.11), later Titular Patriarch of the East Indies (1940.12.11 – 1953.12.16) & Metropolitan Archbishop of Goa and Daman (Portuguese India) (1940.12.11 – 1953.12.16); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Odessus (1953.12.16 – 1962.03.19), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1953.12.16 – 1962.03.19), Patriarch ad personam (1953.12.16 – 1976.11.29), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca (1962.03.22 – 1976.11.29)
  • João de Deus Ramalho (羅若望), S.J. (1942.09.24 – 1953.12.09); emeritate as Titular Bishop of Philadelphia in Lydia (1953.12.09 – death 1958.02.25)
  • Policarpo da Costa Vaz (高德華) (1954.01.29 – 1960.07.09); previously Titular Bishop of Eurœa in Epiro (1950.04.17 – 1954.01.29) and Auxiliary Bishop of Porto (Portugal) (1950.04.17 – 1952), then Auxiliary Bishop of Lisboa (Lisbon, Portugal) (1952 – 1954.01.29); later Bishop of Guarda (Portugal) (1960.07.09 – 1979.11.17)
  • Paulo José Tavares (戴維理) (1961.08.19 – death 1973.06.12)
Exempt Bishops of Macau (since 1975)
  • Arquimínio Rodrigues da Costa (高秉常) (1976.01.20 – retired 1988.10.06)
  • Domingos Lam Ka-tseung (林家駿) (1988.10.06 – retired 2003.06.30), succeeding as former Coadjutor Bishop of Macau 澳門 (1987.05.26 – 1988.10.06)
  • José Lai Hung-seng (黎鴻昇) (2003.06.30 – 2016.01.16), succeeding as former Coadjutor Bishop of Macau (澳門) (2001.01.23 – 2003.06.30)
  • Stephen Lee Bun-sang (李斌生) (2016.01.16-... )

Parishes and Mission[edit]

The Diocese is divided in:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°11′37″N 113°32′31″E / 22.1936°N 113.5420°E / 22.1936; 113.5420